About the 1851 Census

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Districts and Sub-districts: 1851 Census

How the Census Was Collected

The 1851 Census marked the second collection of statistics for the Province of Canada. In 1841, the Act of Union created the Province of Canada, consisting of Canada West (present-day Ontario) and Canada East (present-day Quebec). Information on population was also collected for New Brunswick and Nova Scotia.
 
While the census for New Brunswick and Nova Scotia was completed in 1851, Canada West and Canada East did not start their collection of data until the following year. Therefore, for Canada West and Canada East, what is known as the Census of 1851 officially began on January 12, 1852.
 
The enumerators collected information for 2,312,919 individuals distributed as follows:
  • Canada West (952,004)
  • Canada East (890,261)
  • New Brunswick (193,800)
  • Nova Scotia (276,854)
Agricultural returns provide information such as lot and concession number, acreage, livestock and agricultural products. The agricultural returns are listed by the name of the head-of-household. For each sub-district (e.g. township), the agricultural returns are listed immediately after the personal returns.
 
The enumeration data were collected using documents known as schedules. Each province submitted unique schedules.
 
Important note: Schedules for some sub-districts have not survived. Consult the list of 1851 Census Districts and Sub-districts to determine whether the records for a district or a sub-district exist.

From Paper to Microfilm

In 1955, the Dominion Bureau of Statistics was authorized by the Public Records Committee to microfilm and destroy the original paper records of the 1851 Census. As a result, only a microfilm copy of the census exists as an archival holding. The microfilming of these records was not of consistent quality and not all images are readable.
 
The digitized images found on the Library and Archives Canada (LAC) website have been made by scanning the microfilms of the 1851 Census. As exact copies, a page that was unreadable on microfilm will also be unreadable on your computer screen. Title pages from the microfilm have not been scanned, and contained this information:
  • Census year (i.e. 1851)
  • Province
  • County name
  • Township name
Important note: When the microfilms were created, the original census schedules were divided into four parts. Page numbering has been established to distinguish between the separate pages for each census area and the four parts of a schedule. It is typically identified by a handwritten number at the top of the first page. Thus, the numbers "1," "2," "3," "4," etc., represent a page and the letters "a," "b," "c," and "d" represent the different parts of a schedule page. The parts of the schedules are not always consecutively ordered and in some cases may be non-existent.
 
These records, and those of previous censuses, are described in the Statistics Canada fonds, formerly Record Group 31 (RG31).

Column Headings and Interpretation

When describing ethnic origin or mental capacity, some terms were used by the enumerators in 1851 that no longer reflect current usage when describing a person's background.
 
Canada West

Canada East
Schedule A – Urban personal census
Schedule A – Urban personal census (2nd variation)
Schedule A – Rural personal census
Schedule B – Agricultural census

New Brunswick
Schedule no. 1 – Personal census
Schedule no. 2 – Parish information

Nova Scotia
Heads of Families

Canada West – Schedule A – Urban personal census

Column 1.      Names of inmates
Column 2.      Profession, trade or occupation
Column 3.      Place of birth
Column 4.      Religion
Column 5.      Residence if out of limits
Column 6.      Age next birthday
Column 7.      Sex: male
Column 8.      Sex: female
Column 9.      Married or single
Column 10.    Widowers or widows
Column 11.    Colored persons: negroes
Column 12.    Residents: members of family: male
Column 13.    Residents: members of family: female
Column 14.    Residents: not members: male
Column 15.    Residents: not members: female
Column 16.    Members of family absent: male
Column 17.    Members of family absent: female
Column 18.    Deaf and dumb
Column 19.    Blind
Column 20.    Lunatics
Column 21.    Attending school: male
Column 22.    Attending school: female
Column 23.    Birth in 1851: male
Column 24.    Birth in 1851: female
Column 25.    Deaths in 1851: no.: male
Column 26.    Deaths in 1851: no.: female
Column 27.    Deaths in 1851: age and cause of death
Column 28.    Houses: brick, stone, frame, log, etc.
Column 29.    Houses: no. of stories
Column 30.    Houses: no. of families occupying
Column 31.    Houses: vacant
Column 32.    Houses: building
Column 33.    Horses
Column 34.    Cows
Column 35.    Sheep
Column 36.    Pigs
Column 37.    Carriages for pleasure
Column 38.    Carriages for hire
Column 39.    Quantity of land attached to tenement
Column 40.    Shop, stores, inns, taverns, schools, etc.
Column 41.    Manufactures of all kinds – Mills, ship yards etc., their produce, etc. and whether worked by steam or water
Column 42.    No. of hands employed
Column 43.    Remarks

Canada West - Schedule A – Rural personal census

Column 1.      Names of inmates
Column 2.      Profession, trade or occupation
Column 3.      Place of birth
Column 4.      Religion
Column 5.      Residence if out of limits
Column 6.      Age next birthday
Column 7.      Sex: male
Column 8.      Sex: female
Column 9.      Married or single
Column 10.    Colored persons – negroes
Column 11.    Indians, if any
Column 12.    Residents: members, male
Column 13.    Residents: members, female
Column 14.    Residents: not members: male
Column 15.    Residents: not members: female
Column 16.    Members of family absent: male
Column 17.    Members of family absent: female
Column 18.    Deaf and dumb: male
Column 19.    Deaf and dumb: female
Column 20.    Blind: male
Column 21.    Blind: female
Column 22.    Lunatics: male
Column 23.    Lunatics: female
Column 24.    Attending school: male
Column 25.    Attending school: female
Column 26.    Births during the year 1851: male
Column 27.    Births during the year 1851: female
Column 28.    Deaths during the year 1851: no. male
Column 29.    Deaths during the year 1851: no. female
Column 30.    Deaths during the year 1851: age and cause of death
Column 31.    Houses: brick, stone, frame, log, shanty or other kind of residence
Column 32.    Houses: no. of stories
Column 33.    Houses: no. of families occupying
Column 34.    Houses: vacant
Column 35.    Houses: building
Column 36.    Shops, stores, inns, taverns etc.
Column 37.    Public buildings
Column 38.    Places of worship
Column 39.    Information as to mills, factories etc., their cost, power, produce, etc.
Column 40.    Number of persons usually employed therein
Column 41.    General remarks of the enumerator

Canada West – Schedule B – Agricultural census

Column 1.      Name of occupier
Column 2.      Concession or range
Column 3.      Lot or part of lot
Column 4.      Number of acres of land: held by each person or family
Column 5.      Number of acres of land: under cultivation
Column 6.      Number of acres of land: under crops in 1851
Column 7.      Number of acres of land: under pasture 1851
Column 8.      Number of acres of land: gardens or orchards
Column 9.      Number of acres of land: under wood or wild
Column 10.    Wheat: acres
Column 11.    Wheat: produce bushels
Column 12.    Barley: acres
Column 13.    Barley: produce bushels
Column 14.    Rye: acres
Column 15.    Rye: produce bushels
Column 16.    Peas: acres
Column 17.    Peas: bushels
Column 18.    Oats: acres
Column 19.    Oats: bushels
Column 20.    Buckwheat: acres
Column 21.    Buckwheat: bushels
Column 22.    Indian corn: acres
Column 23.    Indian corn: bushels
Column 24.    Potatoes: acres
Column 25.    Potatoes: bushels
Column 26.    Turnips: acres
Column 27.    Turnips: bushels
Column 28.    Clover, timothy or other grass seed: bushels
Column 29.    Carrots: bushels
Column 30.    Mangle wurtzel: bushels
Column 31.    Beans: bushels
Column 32.    Hops: pounds
Column 33.    Hay: bundles or tons
Column 34.    Flax or hemp: pounds
Column 35.    Tobacco: pounds
Column 36.    Wool: pounds
Column 37.    Millett (or empty column)
Column 38.    Parsnips (or empty column)
Column 39.    Empty column
Column 40.    Maple sugar: pounds
Column 41.    Cider: gallons
Column 42.    Fulled cloth: yards
Column 43.    Linen: yards
Column 44.    Flannel: yards
Column 45.    Bulls, oxen or steers
Column 46.    Milk cows
Column 47.    Calves or heifers
Column 48.    Horses of all ages
Column 49.    Sheep
Column 50.    Pigs
Column 51.    Butter: pounds
Column 52.    Cheese: pounds
Column 53.    Beef barrels or cwts
Column 54.    Pork: Barrels or cwts
Column 55.    Quantity of fish: cured
Column 56.    Remarks

 

 

 

 

 

 

Canada East – Schedule A – Urban personal census

A pre-printed form was used with headings written only in French. For your convenience, those headings have been translated.

Column 1.      Noms des personnes dans la maison (Names of persons in the house)
Column 2.      Profession, état ou occupation (Profession, status or occupation)
Column 3.      Lieu de naissance (Place of birth)
Column 4.      Religion (Religion)
Column 5.      Résidence si elle est hors des limites (Residence if outside of limits)
Column 6.      Âge au jour anniversaire de naissance suivant (Age at next birthday)
Column 7.      Sexe: hommes (Sex: male)
Column 8.      Sexe: femmes (Sex: female)
Column 9.      Marié ou non-marié (Married or single)
Column 10.    Personnes de couleur, nègres (Colored persons – Negroes)
Column 11.    Indiens, s'il s'en trouve (Indians, if any)
Column 12.    Résidents: membres de la famille : hommes (Residents: members of the family: male)
Column 13.    Résidents: membres de la famille: femmes (Residents: members of the family: female)
Column 14.    Résidents: non-membres de la famille: hommes (Residents: not members of the family: male)
Column 15.    Résidents: non-membres de la famille: femmes (Residents: not members of the family: female)
Column 16.    Membres de la famille absents: hommes (Members of the family absent: male)
Column 17.    Membres de la famille absents: femmes (Members of the family absent: female)
Column 18.    Sourds et muets: hommes (Deaf and dumb: male)
Column 19.    Sourds et muets: femmes (Deaf and dumb: female)
Column 20.    Aveugles: hommes (Blind: male)
Column 21.    Aveugles: femmes (Blind: female)
Column 22.    Aliénés: hommes (Lunatics: male)
Column 23.    Aliénés: femmes (Lunatics: female)
Column 24.    Allant à l'école: hommes (Attending school: male)
Column 25.    Allant à l'école: femmes (Attending school: female)
Column 26.    Naissances durant l'année 1851: hommes (Births during the year 1851: male)
Column 27.    Naissances durant l'année 1851: femmes (Births during the year 1851: female)
Column 28.    Décès durant l'année 1851: nombre : hommes (Deaths during the year 1851: Number, male)
Column 29.    Décès durant l'année 1851: nombre : femmes (Deaths during the year 1851: Number, female)
Column 30.    Décès durant l'année 1851: âge et cause de décès (Deaths during the year 1851: age and cause of death)
Column 31.    Maisons: en brique, pierre, charpente, pièces ou autre genre de construction (Houses: brick, stone, frame, log, or other types of construction)
Column 32.    Maisons: nombre d'étages (Houses: number of stories)
Column 33.    Maisons: nombre de familles dans la maison (Number of families in the house)
Column 34.    Maisons: maisons non-habitées(Houses: vacant)
Column 35.    Maisons: maisons en construction (Houses: under construction)
Column 36.    Boutiques, magasins, auberges, tavernes, etc. (Shops, stores, inns, taverns, etc.)
Column 37.    Édifices publics (Public buildings)
Column 38.    Édifices consacrés au culte (Places of worship)
Column 39.    Renseignements relatifs aux moulins, manufactures, etc., mise de capital, force motrice, production etc. (Information as to mills, factories, etc., investment, power, production, etc.)
Column 40.    Nombre de personnes qui y sont généralement employées (Number of persons generally employed therein)
Column 41.    Observations générales par le recenseur (General remarks of the enumerator)

Canada East – Schedule A – Urban personal census (2nd variation)

A pre-printed form was used with headings written only in French. For your convenience, those headings have been translated.
 
Column 1.      Noms des personnes dans la maison (Names of persons in the house)
Column 2.      Profession, état ou occupation (Profession, status or occupation)
Column 3.      Lieu de naissance (Place of birth)
Column 4.      Religion (Religion)
Column 5.      Résidence si elle est hors des limites (Residence if outside of limits)
Column 6.      Âge au jour anniversaire suivant (Age next birthday)
Column 7.      Sexe: hommes (Sex: male)
Column 8.      Sexe: femmes (Sex: female)
Column 9.      Marié ou non-marié (Married or single)
Column 10.    Veufs ou veuves (Widowers or widows)
Column 11.    Personnes de couleur (Colored persons)
Column 12.    Résidents: membres de la famille: hommes (Residents: members of the family: male)
Column 13.    Résidents: membres de la famille: femmes (Residents: members of the family: female)
Column 14.    Résidents: non membres de la famille: hommes (Residents: not members of the family: male)
Column 15.    Résidents: non membres de la famille: femmes (Residents: not members of the family: female)
Column 16.    Membres de la famille absents: hommes (Members of family: absent: male)
Column 17.    Membres de la famille absents: femmes (Members of family: absent: female)
Column 18.    Sourds et muets (Deaf and dumb)
Column 19.    Aveugles (Blind)
Column 20.    Aliénés (Lunatics)
Column 21.    Allant à l'école: hommes (Attending school: male)
Column 22.    Allant à l'école: femmes (Attending school: female)
Column 23.    Naissances durant l'année 1851: hommes (Births during the year 1851: male)
Column 24.    Naissances durant l'année 1851: femmes (Births during the year 1851: female)
Column 25.    Décès durant l'année 1851: no : hommes (Deaths during the year 1851: Number: males)
Column 26.    Décès durant l'année 1851: no : femmes (Deaths during the year 1851: Number: females)
Column 27.    Décès durant l'année 1851: âge et cause des décès (Deaths during the year 1851: age and cause of death)
Column 28.    Maisons: en brique, pierre, charpente, pièces, etc. (Houses: brick, stone, frame, log, etc.)
Column 29.    Maisons: Nombre d'étages (Houses: number of stories)
Column 30.    Maisons: Nombre de familles dans la maison (Number of families in the house)
Column 31.    Maisons: Maisons non habitées (Houses: vacant)
Column 32.    Maisons: En construction (Houses: under construction)
Column 33.    Chevaux (Horses)
Column 34.    Vaches (Cows)
Column 35.    Moutons (Sheep)
Column 36.    Cochons (Pigs)
Column 37.    Voitures de plaisir (Carriages for pleasure)
Column 38.    Voitures de louage (Carriages for hire)
Column 39.    Quantité de terre attachée à l'habitation (Quantity of land attached to tenement)
Column 40.    Boutiques, magasins, auberges, tavernes, écoles, etc. (Shops, stores, inns, taverns, schools, etc.)
Column 41.    Manufactures de toutes sortes – moulins, chantiers de construction, etc. et s'ils sont mûs par la vapeur ou par l'eau (Manufactures of all kinds: mills, construction sites, etc., their produce, etc. and whether worked by steam or water)
Column 42.    Nombre de personnes employées (Number of persons employed)
Column 43.    Remarques (Remarks)

Canada East – Schedule A – Rural personal census

A pre-printed form was used with headings written only in French. For your convenience, those headings have been translated.
 
Column 1.      Noms des personnes dans la maison (Names of persons in the house)
Column 2.      Profession, état ou occupation (Profession, status or occupation)
Column 3.      Lieu de naissance (Place of birth)
Column 4.      Religion (Religion)
Column 5.      Résidence, si elle est hors des limites (Residence, if outside of limits)
Column 6.      Âge au jour de l'anniversaire de naissance suivant(Age at next birthday)
Column 7.      Sexe: hommes (Sex: male)
Column 8.      Sexe: femmes (Sex: female)
Column 9.      Marié ou non marié (Married or single)
Column 10.    Personnes de couleur, nègres (Coloured persons – Negroes)
Column 11.    Indiens, s'il s'en trouve (Indians, if any)
Column 12.    Résidents: membres de la famille: hommes (Residents: members of the family: male)
Column 13.    Résidents: membres de la famille: femmes (Residents: members of the family: female)
Column 14.    Résidents: non-membres de la famille: hommes (Residents: non members of the family: male)
Column 15.    Résidents: non-membres de la famille: femmes (Residents: non members of the family: female)
Column 16.    Membres de la famille absents: hommes(Absent members of the family: male)
Column 17.    Membres de la famille absents: femmes (Absent members of the family: female)
Column 18.    Sourds et muets: hommes (Deaf and dumb: male)
Column 19.    Sourds et muets: femmes (Deaf and dumb: female)
Column 20.    Aveugles: hommes (Blind: male)
Column 21.    Aveugles: femmes (Blind: female)
Column 22.    Aliénés: hommes (Lunatics: male)
Column 23.    Aliénés: femmes (Lunatics: female)
Column 24.    Allant à l'école: hommes (Students: male)
Column 25.    Allant à l'école: femmes (Students: female)
Column 26.    Naissances durant l'année 1851: hommes (Births during the year 1851: male)
Column 27.    Naissances durant l'année 1851: femmes (Births during the year 1851: female)
Column 28.    Nombre de décès durant l'année 1851: hommes (Number of deaths during the year 1851: male)
Column 29.    Nombre de décès durant l'année 1851: femmes (Number of deaths during the year 1851: female)
Column 30.    Décès durant l'année 1851: âge et cause des décès (Deaths during the year 1851: age and cause of death)
Column 31.    Maisons: brique, pierre, charpente, pièces ou autre genre de construction (Houses: brick, stone, frame, log or other types of construction)
Column 32.    Maisons: nombre d'étages (Houses: number of stories)
Column 33.    Maisons: Nombre de familles dans la maison (Houses: number of families in the house)
Column 34.    Maisons non habitées (Houses: vacant)
Column 35.    Maisons en construction (Houses: under construction)
Column 36.    Ateliers, magasins, auberges, tavernes, etc. (Shops, stores, inns, taverns, etc.)
Column 37.    Édifices publics (Public buildings)
Column 38.    Édifices consacrés au culte (Places of worship)
Column 39.    Renseignements relatifs aux moulins, manufactures, etc. mise de capital, force motrice, production, etc. (Information as to mills, factories, etc., investment, power, production, etc.)
Column 40.    Nombre de personnes qui y sont généralement employées (Number of persons usually employed therein)
Column 41.    Observations générales par le recenseur (General remarks of the enumerator)

 

Canada East – Schedule B – Agricultural census

A pre-printed form was used with headings written only in French. For your convenience, those headings have been translated.
 
Note: Different units of measure were used in Canada East: the minot, which is similar in size to a bushel, and the arpent, which is approximately 0.84 of an acre.
 
Column 1.      Nom de l'occupant (Name of occupant)
Column 2.      Rang ou concession (Range or concession)
Column 3.      Lot entier ou partie du lot (Lot or part of lot)
Column 4.      Nombre d'arpents de terre: occupés par chaque personne ou famille (Number of arpents of land: held by each person or family)
Column 5.      Nombre d'arpents de terre: en culture (Number of arpents of land: under cultivation)
Column 6.      Nombre d'arpents de terre: ayant produit une récolte en 1851 (Number of arpents of land: having produced a harvest in 1851)
Column 7.      Nombre d'arpents de terre: en pâturage en 1851 (Number of arpents of land: under pasture in 1851)
Column 8.      Nombre d'arpents de terre: jardins et vergers (Number of arpents of land: gardens and orchards)
Column 9.      Nombre d'arpents de terre: en bois debout ou incultes (Number of arpents of land: wooded or wild)
Column 10.    Blé: arpents (Wheat: arpents)
Column 11.    Blé: produit en minots (Wheat: bushels)
Column 12.    Orge: arpents (Barley: arpents)
Column 13.    Orge: produit en minots (Barley: bushels)
Column 14.    Seigle: arpents (Rye: arpents)
Column 15.    Seigle: produit en minots (Rye: bushels)
Column 16.    Pois: arpents (Peas: arpents)
Column 17.    Pois: produit en minots (Peas: bushels)
Column 18.    Avoine: arpents (Oats: arpents)
Column 19.    Avoine: produit en boisseaux (Oats: bushels)
Column 20.    Blé sarrasin: arpents (Buckwheat: arpents)
Column 21.    Blé sarrasin: produit en minots (Buckwheat: bushels)
Column 22.    Blé d'Inde: arpents (Corn: arpents)
Column 23.    Blé d'Inde: produit en minots (Corn: bushels)
Column 24.    Patates: arpents(Potatoes: arpents)
Column 25.    Patates: produit en minots (Potatoes: bushels)
Column 26.    Navets: arpents (Turnips: arpents)
Column 27.    Navets: produit en minots (Turnips: bushels)
Column 28.    Trèfle, mil et autres fourrages, minots (Clover, millet and forage: bushels)
Column 29.    Carottes: minots (Carrots: bushels)
Column 30.    Mangel wurtzel: minots (Beets: bushels)
Column 31.    Fèvres: minots (Beans: bushels)
Column 32.    Houblons: lbs (Hops: pounds)
Column 33.    Foin: bottes ou tonnes (Hay: bales or tons)
Column 34.    Lin ou chanvre: lbs. (Flax or hemp: pounds)
Column 35.    Tabac: lbs (Tabacco: pounds)
Column 36.    Laine: lbs (Wool: pounds)
Column 37.    Colonne vide (Empty column)
Column 38.    Colonne vide (Empty column)
Column 39.    Colonne vide (Empty column)
Column 40.    Sucre d'érable: lbs (Maple sugar: pounds)
Column 41.    Cidre: gallons (Cider: gallons)
Column 42.    Étoffe foulée: verges (Fulled cloth: yards)
Column 43.    Toile: verges (Canvas: yards)
Column 44.    Flanelle: verges (Flannel: yards)
Column 45.    Taureaux, bœufs et bouvillons (Bulls, oxen and steer)
Column 46.    Vaches laitières (Dairy cows)
Column 47.    Veaux et génisses (Cows and heifers)
Column 48.    Chevaux de tous âges (Horses of all ages)
Column 49.    Moutons (Sheep)
Column 50.    Cochons (Pigs)
Column 51.    Beurre: livres (Butter: pounds)
Column 52.    Fromage: livres(Cheese: pounds)
Column 53.    Bœuf: barils ou quint (Beef: barrels or hundredweights)
Column 54.    Lard: barils ou quint (Bacon: barrels or hundredweights)
Column 55.    Quantité de poisson fumé (préparé) (Quantity of smoked fish)
Column 56.    Observations (Remarks)

New Brunswick – Schedule no. 1 – Personal census

Column 1.      Dwelling
Column 2.      Name
Column 3.      Sex
Column 4.      Relationship
Column 5.      Age
Column 6.      Race
Column 7.      Rank or occupation
Column 8.      Date of entering the colony
Column 9.      Sick or infirm
Column 10.    Remarkss

New Brunswick – Schedule no. 2 – Parish information (no names of individuals)

Column 1.      Inhabited houses
Column 2.      By how many families inhabited
Column 3.      Houses now building
Column 4.      Uninhabited houses
Column 5.      Stores, barns and outhouses
Column 6.      No. births preceding year
Column 7.      No. deaths preceding year
Column 8.      No. children attending grammar schools
Column 9.      No. children attending parish schools
Column 10.    Estimated quantity of cleared land
Column 11.    Tons of hay cut
Column 12.    Bushels of wheat raised
Column 13.    Bushels of barley raised
Column 14.    Bushels of oats raised
Column 15.    Bushels of buckwheat raised
Column 16.    Bushels of Indian corn raised
Column 17.    Bushels of peas and beans raised
Column 18.    Bushels of turnips raised
Column 19.    Bushels of potatoes raised
Column 20.    Bushels of other roots raised
Column 21.    Number of neat cattle
Column 22.    Number of cows, how many milked
Column 23.    Quantity of butter
Column 24.    Number of horses
Column 25.    Number of sheep
Column 26.    Number of swine
Column 27.    No. of churches and places of worship
Column 28.    Number of schools
Column 29.    No. of saw mills, and hands employed
Column 30.    No. of grist mills, and hands employed
Column 31.    No. of tanneries, and hands employed
Column 32.    No. of foundries, and hands employed
Column 33.    Number of weaving and carding establishments and hands employed
Column 34.    No. of hand looms
Column 35.    Number of yards of woolen cloth manufactured
Column 36.    No. of factories, other than the above, and hands employed
Column 37.    Value of boots and shoes manufactured
Column 38.    Value of leather manufactured
Column 39.    Value of candles manufactured
Column 40.    Value of wooden ware manufactured, other than cabinet makers
Column 41.    Value of soap manufactured
Column 42.    Value of chairs and cabinet ware manufactured
Column 43.    Value of fish caught, and quantities
Column 44.    Value of hats manufactured
Column 45.    Value of iron castings manufactured
Column 46.    Quantity of coal raised
Column 47.    Quantity of iron smelted
Column 48.    Number of breweries
Column 49.    No. of gallons of malt liquor manufactured
Column 50.    Casks of lime burnt
Column 51.    No. of grindstones
Column 52.    Tons gypsum quarried
Column 53.    Quantity of maple sugar manufactured

Nova Scotia – Heads of families

Column 1.      Heads of families
Column 2.      Buildings: no. of inhabited houses
Column 3.      Buildings: by how many families inhabited
Column 4.      Buildings: no. of houses now building
Column 5.      Buildings: no. of uninhabited houses
Column 6.      Buildings: no. of stores, barns and outhouses
Column 7.      Inhabitants of various ages: no. under 10 years of age: males
Column 8.      Inhabitants of various ages: no. under 10 years of age: females
Column 9.      Inhabitants of various ages: from 10 to 20 years of age: males
Column 10.    Inhabitants of various ages: from 10 to 20 years of age: females
Column 11.    Inhabitants of various ages: from 20 to 30 years of age: males
Column 12.    Inhabitants of various ages: from 20 to 30 years of age: females
Column 13.    Inhabitants of various ages: from 30 to 40 years of age: males
Column 14.    Inhabitants of various ages: from 30 to 40 years of age: females
Column 15.    Inhabitants of various ages: from 40 to 50 years of age: males
Column 16.    Inhabitants of various ages: from 40 to 50 years of age: females
Column 17.    Inhabitants of various ages: above 50 years of age: males
Column 18.    Inhabitants of various ages: above 50 years of age: females
Column 19.    Inhabitants of various ages: no. of married persons of both sexes
Column 20.    Inhabitants of various ages: no. of widowers
Column 21.    Inhabitants of various ages: no. of widows
Column 22.    Inhabitants of various ages: no. of rate payers
Column 23.    Inhabitants of various ages: no. of paupers
Column 24.    Deaf and dumb: males
Column 25.    Deaf and dumb: females
Column 26.    Blind: males
Column 27.    Blind: females
Column 28.    Lunatics: males
Column 29.    Lunatics: females
Column 30.    Idiots: males
Column 31.    Idiots: females
Column 32.    Indians: males, including children
Column 33.    Indians: females, including children
Column 34.    Colored persons: males, including children
Column 35.    Colored persons: females, including children
Column 36.    Assessments: amount of assessment for county rates
Column 37.    Assessments: amount of assessment for poor rates
Column 38.    Assessments: highest rate for poor and county
Column 39.    Assessments: lowest rate for poor and county
Column 40.    Value of property: assessed value of real estate
Column 41.    Value of property: probable value of real estate
Column 42.    Value of property: assessed value of personal estate
Column 43.    Births, deaths, and marriages: no. of births the preceding year
Column 44.    Births, deaths, and marriages: no. of deaths the preceding year
Column 45.    Births, deaths, and marriages: no. of marriages the preceding year
Column 46.    Nos. engaged in various occupations: no. of clergymen or ministers
Column 47.    Nos. engaged in various occupations: no. of doctors
Column 48.    Nos. engaged in various occupations: no. of farmers
Column 49.    Nos. engaged in various occupations: no. of mechanics
Column 50.    Nos. engaged in various occupations: no. of merchants and traders
Column 51.    Nos. engaged in various occupations: no. of persons engaged in the fisheries
Column 52.    Nos. engaged in various occupations: no. of seamen registered
Column 53.    Nos. engaged in various occupations: no. of persons employed at sea
Column 54.    Nos. engaged in various occupations: no. of persons engaged in lumbering
Column 55.    Places of worship: no. of churches and places of worship
Column 56.    Places of worship: denomination
Column 57.    Improved land: no. of acres of dyke land
Column 58.    Improved land: average value
Column 59.    Improved land: no. of acres of other than improved land
Column 60.    Schools and pupils: no. of schools in district
Column 61.    Schools and pupils: no. of children attending schools
Column 62.    Nos. of various religious denominations: Church of England
Column 63.    Nos. of various religious denominations: Catholics
Column 64.    Nos. of various religious denominations: Kirk of Scotland
Column 65.    Nos. of various religious denominations: Free Church
Column 66.    Nos. of various religious denominations: Presbyterian Church of N.S.
Column 67.    Nos. of various religious denominations: Baptists
Column 68.    Nos. of various religious denominations: Methodists
Column 69.    Nos. of various religious denominations: Congregationalists
Column 70.    Nos. of various religious denominations: Universalists
Column 71.    Nos. of various religious denominations: Lutherans
Column 72.    Nos. of various religious denominations: Sandemanians
Column 73.    Nos. of various religious denominations: Quakers
Column 74.    Nos. of various religious denominations: other denominations
Column 75.    Agricultural: no. of tons of hay cut
Column 76.    Agricultural: no. of bushels of wheat raised
Column 77.    Agricultural: no. of bushels of barley raised
Column 78.    Agricultural: no. of bushels of rye raised
Column 79.    Agricultural: no. of bushels of oats raised
Column 80.    Agricultural: no. of bushels of buckwheat raised
Column 81.    Agricultural: no. of bushels of Indian corn raised
Column 82.    Agricultural: no. of bushels of peas and beans raised
Column 83.    Agricultural: quantity of millet and forage
Column 84.    Produce: no. of bushels of potatoes raised
Column 85.    Produce: no. of bushels of turnips raised
Column 86.    Produce: no. of bushels of other root crops raised
Column 87.    Agricultural stock: no. of neat cattle
Column 88.    Agricultural stock: no. of milk cows
Column 89.    Agricultural stock: no. of horses
Column 90.    Agricultural stock: no. of sheep
Column 91.    Agricultural stock: no. of swine
Column 92.    Fisheries: no. of vessels engaged in the fisheries
Column 93.    Fisheries: no. of men on board
Column 94.    Fisheries: amount of tonnage engaged in the fisheries
Column 95.    Fisheries: no. of boats engaged in the fisheries
Column 96.    Fisheries: no. of men on board
Column 97.    Fisheries: no. of nets and seines
Column 98.    Fisheries: quantity of dry fish cured
Column 99.    Fisheries: quantity of salmon caught and cured
Column 100.  Fisheries: quantity of shad caught and cured
Column 101.  Fisheries: quantity of smoked herrings caught and cured
Column 102.  Fisheries: quantity of mackerel caught and cured
Column 103.  Fisheries: quantity of herrings caught and cured
Column 104.  Fisheries: quantity of alewives caught and cured
Column 105.  Fisheries: value
Column 106.  Fisheries: quantity of fish oil
Column 107.  Fisheries: value
Column 108.  Mills and factories: no. of saw mills
Column 109.  Mills and factories: value
Column 110.  Mills and factories: no. of hands employed
Column 111.  Mills and factories: no. of grist mills
Column 112.  Mills and factories: value
Column 113.  Mills and factories: no. of hands employed
Column 114.  Mills and factories: no. of tanneries
Column 115.  Mills and factories: value
Column 116.  Mills and factories: no. of hands employed
Column 117.  Mills and factories: no. of foundries
Column 118.  Mills and factories: value
Column 119.  Mills and factories: no. of hands employed
Column 120.  Mills and factories: no. of weaving and carding establishments
Column 121.  Mills and factories: value
Column 122.  Mills and factories: no. of hands employed
Column 123.  Mills and factories: no. of breweries and distilleries
Column 124.  Mills and factories: value
Column 125.  Mills and factories: no. of hands employed
Column 126.  Mills and factories: no. of hand looms
Column 127.  Mills and factories: value
Column 128.  Mills and factories: no. of other factories
Column 129.  Mills and factories: value
Column 130.  Mills and factories: no. of hands employed
Column 131.  Mills and factories: no. of steam mills or factories
Column 132.  Articles manufactured: no. of yards of fulled cloth manufactured last year
Column 133.  Articles manufactured: no. of yards of cloth not fulled
Column 134.  Articles manufactured: no. of yards of flannel
Column 135.  Articles manufactured: value of boots and shoes manufactured
Column 136.  Articles manufactured: value of leather manufactured
Column 137.  Articles manufactured: value of candles manufactured
Column 138.  Articles manufactured: value of soap manufactured
Column 139.  Articles manufactured: value of agricultural implements manufactured
Column 140.  Articles manufactured: value of chairs and cabinet ware manufactured
Column 141.  Articles manufactured: value of carriages manufactured
Column 142.  Articles manufactured: value of other wooden ware manufactured
Column 143.  Articles manufactured: value of iron castings manufactured
Column 144.  Articles manufactured: quantity of coal raised
Column 145.  Articles manufactured: quantity of iron smelted
Column 146.  Articles manufactured: value

 

 

 

 

 

Common Abbreviations

Gender
  • M (Male)
  • F (Female)

Marital Status

  • M (Married)
  • S (Single)
  • W (Widow)
  • Wr (Widower)

Provinces

  • C.E. (Canada East)
  • C.W. (Canada West)
  • L.C. (Lower Canada)
  • U.C. (Upper Canada)

Religion

  • B.C. (Bible Church)
  • C. (of) E. (Church of England)
  • C. (of) S. (Church of Scotland)
  • E.M.C. (Episcopal Methodist Church)
  • F.C. (Free Church – Presbyterian)
  • M.E.C. (Methodist Episcopal Church)
  • P.C.L.P. (Presbyterian-Canada and Lower Provinces)
  • P.F.C. (Presbyterian Free Church)
  • R.C. (Roman Catholic)
  • R.P. (Reformed Presbyterian)
  • U.P. (United Presbyterian)
  • W.M. (Wesleyan Methodist)

Weights and Measures

  • A (Acres)
  • B wheat (Buckwheat)
  • Bsh. (Bushels)
  • Galls. (Gallons)
  • Cwts./ Quint (Hundredweight)
  • Lbs. (Pounds)
  • Yds. (Yards)

Further Research