Reference Services: Internet Resources

  • Aboriginal and Northern Studies

    Aboriginal Peoples - Guide to the Records of the Government of Canada
    Thematic guide prepared by Library and Archives Canada.
    Arctic Blue Books Online
    Index to and digitization of 19th century British Parliamentary Papers concerned with the Canadian Arctic known as the Arctic Blue Books. The site includes the text of Andrew Taylor's Preliminary Guide to the Arctic Blue Books as well as Taylor's detailed abstracts of these documents.
    Arctic Institute of North America
    Provides access to the Arctic Science and Technology Information System (ASTIS) database and to their Photographic Archives Database.
    First Nations Periodical Index
    The First Nations Periodical Index indexes approximately 20 journals providing access to information about First Nations for students, educators, instructors and researchers. Coverage varies: generally begins mid-1980s.
    Indian Affairs Annual Reports 1864-1990 - Library and Archives Canada
    The Indian Affairs Annual Reports collection contains the full text of annual reports for the years 1864 - 1990. Schedules of Indian Bands, Reserves and Settlements (1902 to 1992) have also been digitized and added to the Indian Affairs Annual Reports collection.
    Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada
    Website includes acts, bills and regulations, historic treaty information, publications, and First Nations profiles.
    Indigenous Studies Portal
    A portal to a wide range of online indigenous studies resources. An initiative of the University of Saskatchewan Library.
    Library and Archives Canada - Aboriginal Heritage
    This page offers a selection of Library and Archives Canada resources on the topic of Aboriginal peoples.
    National Aboriginal Document Database (archived)
    Provides access to full-text of statutes, court decisions, and treaties. Also includes links to additional information sites for First Nations in Canada and Native American sites in the United States.
    Our Legacy
    Provide access to material relating to First Nations, Metis, and Inuit peoples found in Saskatchewan cultural and heritage collections. Includes access to a complete set of transcriptions of hearings and round table discussions of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples (RCAP) held at the University of Saskatchewan Archives.
    Union of British Columbia Indian Chiefs
    Provides access to the UBIC Resource Centre and digital collections that focus on land rights research in British Columbia.
  • Acronyms and Abbreviations
    A Comprehensive guide to abbreviations sites in more than 60 subject areas.
    Acronym Finder
    A searchable database containing common acronyms and abbreviations about all subjects, with a focus on computers, technology, telecommunications, and the military.
  • Almanacs and Country Info

    BBC News - Country Profiles
    Profiles provide a guide to history, politics and economic background of countries. Country profiles include helpful chronologies of key events, media information, and related links.
    Chiefs of State and Cabinet Members of Foreign Governments
    The Central Intelligence Agency publishes and updates this online directory of Chiefs of State and Cabinet Members of Foreign Governments.
    International Data Base
    Maintained by the U.S. Census Bureau.  Contains statistical tables of demographic and socio-economic data for 227 countries and areas of the world.
    Library of Congress Country Studies
    Prepared by the Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress, this online series contains studies of 100 countries.
    Statesman's Yearbook Online (access limited to LAC on-site users)
    Fully searchable online version of the authoritative reference work. Provides in-depth country profiles, information on international organizations, and chronology of recent events.
    U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets
    Background Notes provide extensive profiles and factual information on countries.
    World Bank
    Provides access to Country Briefs and Country-at-a-Glance reports. Documents and Reports database provides access to over 240,000 publically available World Bank documents.
    The World Factbook
    The CIA World Factbook.
    World Statesmen
    List of the heads of state and heads of government for most countries and territories, going back to about 1700 or earlier. Most entries also include brief historical outlines, current and historical flags, and links to national anthems and constitutions.
  • Archives

    Archive Finder (access limited to LAC on-site users)
    Archive Finder is a directory which describes over 200,000 collections of primary source material housed in thousands of repositories across the United States, the United Kingdom and Ireland.
    Provides access to a database of the archival holdings of hundreds of institutions across the country. Site provides access to provincial and territorial archival networks, to virtual exhibits created by archives across the country, and to a comprehensive page of links to archival resources.
    CCA Directory of Canadian Archives
    Searchable directory of Canadian archives maintained by the Canadian Council of Archives. Directory provides information about the institutions and their collections.
  • Associations, Organizations, Societies
    Includes a database of non-profit and community organizations in 190 countries. Good coverage for Canada.
  • Biography

    Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
    The Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online provides access to the full texts of all the published volumes of this major Canadian research work. A key feature of the DCB Online is the search interface permitting keyword searching of the full text of all volumes.
    Library and Archives Canada: Biography and People
    This page offers a selection of Library and Archives Canada resources on the topic of biography and people.
  • Book Trade and Publishing

    Bottin des éditeurs francophones canadiens (in French only)
    Directory of Canadian francophone publishers maintained by the Bibliothèque nationale du Québec (BANQ).
    Library and Archives Canada: History of the Book in Canada (archived)
    Provides access to databases: Bibliography of the History of the Book in Canada, Canadian Book Catalogues, Canadian Book Trade and Library Index, Canadian Imprints (1752-1840), and Canadian Textbooks.
    Library and Archives Canada: Publishers Portal
    Provides information on Library and Archives Canada programs directed towards publishers including Cataloguing in Publication (CIP), Legal Deposit, and ISBNs. The Canadian ISBN Publishers' Directory provides a searchable database to over 20,000 Canadian publishers. For francophone publishers use the Bottin des éditeurs francophones canadiens.
  • Business, Finance, Economics: Canada

    Bank of Canada
    The Bank of Canada site provides access to rates and statistics and information on the bank rate and exchange rates. The site offers an Inflation Calculator, an Exchange Rate Convertor, and a database of unclaimed bank balances transferred to the Bank of Canada. This database reflects the listings of unclaimed bank balances published on an annual basis in the Canada Gazette.
    Canadian Business Network
    A Canadian government portal website aimed at giving businesses a single access point to key government services and information.
    Consumer Information is a Government of Canada initiative that includes over 35 government departments and agencies with an interest in consumer issues. This information portal provides access to consumer information on topics such as children, consumer products, fraud, housing, money, safety, transportation, and travel.
    CNW (Canada Newswire)
    Provides access to searchable archives of company and government news releases.
    Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada (Industry Canada)
    Industry Canada provides access to an extensive array of Canadian business information resources such as company directories, business information by sector, market research and statistics, regulations and standards, and consumer information.
    SEDAR: System for Electronic Document Analysis and Retrieval
    An easily searchable database of company information filed by all Canadian public companies and mutual funds with the Canadian Securities Administrator and stock exchanges. Provides profiles of companies and mutual funds. Provides links to stock exchanges and regulatory agencies.
  • Canada: Miscellanea

    Canadian Disaster Database
    The Canadian Disaster Database contains detailed information on over 700 natural, technological and conflict events (excluding war) which directly affected Canadians over the past century.
    The Governor General: Honours
    Governor General of Canada's site provides information on the Order of Canada and other honours awarded by the Governor General. There is a searchable database of all members of the Order of Canada.
    Symbols of Canada
    Information on national symbols, provincial and territorial flags, arms, flowers and others.
  • Canadian Studies

    Centre d'études acadiennes Anselme-Chiasson (Université de Moncton) (in French only)
    Web site of research centre dedicated to all aspects of Acadian life and society: history, genealogy, folklore, linguistics, archaeology. Site provides access to the holdings of their Archives de Folklore, their holdings in the area of genealogy as well as relevant genealogical web links, and online access to recent years of Contact-Acadie: bulletin des études acadiennes, and links to other related websites. Alberta's Online Encyclopedia
    A fully searchable multi-media encyclopedia that showcases all aspects of the historical, cultural, natural, scientific and technological heritage of Alberta.
    Centre de recherche en civilisation canadienne-francaise (in French only)
    Site features research, archives and virtual exhibits on the French-speaking communities of North America
    Centre for Newfoundland Studies
    The Centre for Newfoundland Studies (CNS), a division of the Memorial University of Newfoundland Libraries is a special research collection for the study of all aspects of Newfoundland and Labrador. The Centre compiles the easily searchable Newfoundland Periodical Article Bibliography (PAB) which contains over 100,000 citations to articles appearing in journals between 1668 and the present relating to Newfoundland's history, description, development and resources, biography, literature, technology, social issues, and natural sciences. The Centre's website provides Newfoundland related web links as well as links to city, community and regional websites.
    Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan
    Online version of the excellent and comprehensive Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan published in 2005 by the Canadian Plains Research Centre, University of Saskatchewan in celebration of Saskatchewan's centennial.
    International Council for Canadian Studies
    The International Council for Canadian Studies (ICCS) is a federation of twenty national and multi-national Canadian Studies associations. Site includes online edition of Canada: A Reader's Guide.
    Our Future, Our Past: The Alberta Heritage Digitization Project
    Includes digitized versions of hundreds of local histories, early Alberta newspapers, the Statutes of Alberta from 1906 to 1990, and the Alberta Folklore and Local History Collection, a digitized archive of manuscripts, reminiscences, stories, plays, poems, and photographs.
  • Copyright, Patents and Trademarks

    Canadian Intellectual Property Office - Copyright Home Page
    Provides detailed information on copyright, patents and trademarks in Canada, as well as access to the Canadian Copyrights Database, the Canadian Trademark Database and the Canadian Patents Database.
    Canadian Patents, 1869-1919 - Library and Archives Canada
    Database enables viewing of over 190,000 full patents with digitized images, registered in Canada by Canadian citizens or residents.
  • Dictionaries, Glossaries and Thesauri

    Grand dictionnaire terminologique (in French only)
    Terminology database from the Office québécois de la langue française.
    Language Portal of Canada
    Provides access to Termium Plus: the Government of Canada's terminology and linguistic data bank, writing tools, and a wide range of glossaries and other linguistic tools.
    Lexicool: Directory of Bilingual and Multilingual Dictionaries
    Searchable directory of over 3000 translation dictionaries and glossaries freely available on the Internet. Search interface permits searching by languages, subject and keyword.
    Dictionary of American English
    OneLook Dictionaries
    A search engine which searches for a word in as many as 1,061 dictionaries simultaneously; also allows the user to specify in which dictionaries to search. Contains special subject dictionaries.
    Government of Ontario terminology databases and other related resources.
  • Directories

    AnyWho: Find People and Businesses
    AT & T directory service includes a reverse look-up by telephone number, email look-up, and maps and directions.
    Area Decoder: Americom's area code lookup service
    Lookups for telephone area codes either by area code or place name world-wide. Lookup results include geographic information, country and city codes, and local time.
    Individual and business addresses and telephone numbers in Canada. Links to toll-free numbers.
    Canadian Directories Collection - Library and Archives Canada
    Collection of searchable, digitized 19th century Canadian directories. There are now over ninety directories in the database, including a comprehensive collection of directories for Ottawa (1861 to 1901) and Halifax (1869 to 1901). This site provides helpful links to other directories projects.
    Online directory of people and companies worldwide searchable by location and/or category.
  • Education

    Council of Ministers of Education, Canada (CMEC)
    The Council of Ministers of Education, Canada (CMEC) is the national voice for education in Canada. Their website provides access to information on education in Canada at all levels, many of the Council's reports, and statistical information.
    ERIC - Institute of Education Sciences
    Website offers free searching the ERIC database. Includes access to full-text non-journal documents.
    School Finder
    Searchable database of programs in post-secondary educational institutions. Links to various educational resources.
    Student Financial Assistance
    Government of Canada site provides information on student loans and scholarships.
    Study in Canada
    A Government of Canada website for individuals outside Canada providing information about educational institutions, study permits and work-study programs.
  • Encyclopedias

    The Canadian Encyclopedia
    Full text of the Canadian Encyclopedia.
  • Film, Television, Radio, Theatre
    Extensive site includes: CBC Digital Archives, news, business, sports, program websites, and Canada: A People's History. The site map is helpful. Go to for the website of the French language network.
    Canadian Association of Broadcasters
    The Canadian Association of Broadcasters (CAB) is the voice of Canada's private radio and television stations and specialty services. Site provides links to radio and television stations across the country, specialty services, and related sites.
    Canadian Theatre Encyclopedia
    Database maintained by Athabasca University of information about Canadian actors, playwrights, directors, producers, designers, theatre organizations and institutions, composers and plays.
    La Cinémathèque québécoise
    The mission of the Cinémathèque québécoise is to preserve, document and promote national and international film and television heritage. The collections include films, television programs as well as documents relating to film and television programming.
    Film and Media Studies Resources
    Well organized links from Queen's University Department of Film Studies.
    The Film Reference Library
    Rich resource of English-language Canadian film and film-related materials including the Canadian Film Encyclopedia.
    Internet Movie Database
    The most comprehensive movie database on the Internet. Provides plot summaries, character names, movie ratings, year of release, running times, soundtracks, country of production, genres, production companies, and distributors.
    Library and Archives Canada: Film, Video and Sound
    Database contains descriptions of films, videos, and sound recordings held by Library and Archives Canada.
    National Film Board of Canada
    The National Film Board site provides extensive information about its films with many available to watch on the site.
    Telefilm Canada
    Web site of federal agency supporting the film, television, video and multimedia industries. Provides access to information on Canadian productions and Canadian and international festivals.
  • Genealogy

    Genealogy and Family History - Library and Archives of Canada
    Our web pages provide information about census, immigration, land, military and other types of records, including how and where to access them. Some of our records are indexed in databases in Ancestors Search.
    Free website with records from Canada and many other countries. A partner on many LAC indexing projects.
    Subscription website with records from Canada and many other countries. A partner on many LAC indexing projects (free access for LAC on-site users).
  • Geography

    The Atlas of Canada - Natural Resources Canada
    Home page of the National Atlas of Canada. Provides access to the Topographical Maps. The Map Archives contains maps from all previous editions of the Atlas of Canada.
    Canadian Geographical Names - Natural Resources Canada
    Interactive and authoritative source of over 350,000 official and formerly official geographical names in Canada.
    The Canadian Atlas Online - Canadian Geographic
    Site provides extensive thematic sections and an interactive mapping section that permits the creation of detailed, customized maps.
    Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names Online
    Site contains nearly 1 million place names representing approximately 900,000 physical or political entities, including continents, rivers, mountains, empires, nations, states, districts, townships, cities, and neighborhoods. It provides vernacular, English, and historical names; variant names in other languages; coordinates; as well as brief notes with additional information about the places.
    Maps, Charts and Architectural Plans Collection: A Search Guide
    Search tool providing access to descriptions of maps, charts and architectural plans in 5 separate databases.
    The National Map
    Home page of the National Map of the United States Geographical Survey. Provides reference maps and interactive map tool.
    Natural Resources Canada
    Government of Canada site covering such varies topics as pipeline safety, the National Air Photo Library, earthquakes, geodata and fuel-efficient vehicles.
    Commission de toponymie (Québec) (in French only)
    Provides access to their database of Quebec geographical names. The origin and meaning of place names are often included. Other helpful resources from the Commission de toponymie include information on aboriginal geographical names and municipal geographical names.
  • Government--Canada / Government Publications

    Canadian Research Index (access limited to LAC on-site users)
    Index to publications of Canadian federal, provincial and municipal governments. Formerly known as Microlog. Coverage from 1982.
    Government of Canada Publications
    Provides access to the Government of Canada publications catalogue, information on crown copyright and licensing, and links for provincial and territorial government publications.
    Government of Canada Web Archive - Library and Archives Canada
    Since 2005, Library and Archives Canada (LAC) has collected federal and non-federal web resources in the context of its Web Archiving Program. This website, the Government of Canada Web Archive (GCWA), provides access to archived federal websites.
    Index to Federal Royal Commissions - Library and Archives Canada
    Contains author and keyword access to materials pertaining to more than 200 Canadian federal royal commissions since Confederation. There are approximately 7,000 items in the index that includes commission reports, briefs, submissions, evidence, working papers and other documents. Most materials cited in this index are held in the Canadian Official Publications collection of Library and Archives Canada.
    LEGISinfo - Parliament of Canada
    Research tool for finding information on recent legislation. Provides electronic access to information about individual bills: the text of the bill at various stages; government press releases and backgrounders; legislative summaries from the Parliamentary Research Branch; important speeches at second reading; votes; and coming into force data.
    Library and Archives Canada - Politics and Government
    This page offers a selection of Library and Archives Canada resources on the topic of politics and government.
    Orders-in-Council - Library and Archives Canada
    This tool provides access to digitized images of Orders-in-Council from 1867 through to 1924. Regular updates will extend the temporal range of these records through to the mid-20th century.
    Orders in Council - Privy Council Office
    Database search options include: keywords, act, department, P.C. number. Search results provide the P.C. number, the registration number for the Canada Gazette, Part II, the sponsoring department and a brief description of the OIC. Coverage starts in 1990.
    OurDigitalWorld Ontario Gov. Docs Portal
    Provides access to over 37,000 Ontario government documents archived by the Ontario Legislative Library.
    Parliament of Canada
    Provides access to the debates, journals and committee business of both the House of Commons and the Senate and information about current and former Members of Parliament and Senators is presented. The Learn about Parliament section includes resources on the legislative process, how Canada is governed and the history of the Parliament Buildings.
    Public Opinion Research Reports - Government of Canada
    This website provides access to information about public opinion research contracted after August 1, 2006 for which the final reports have been submitted to Library and Archives Canada (LAC). Access to electronic versions of executive summaries (and of the full report if available) is provided.
  • Government--Directories
    Get quick, easy access to all Government of Canada services and information.
    Federal governmental telephone and email directory.
    Information about programs and information holdings (Info Source)
    A series of online publications containing information about or collected by the Government of Canada to help individuals exercise their rights under the Access to Information Act and the Privacy Act.
  • History / History--Canada

    America: History and Life (access limited to LAC on-site users)
    A bibliographical database that indexes approximately 2,000 journals with abstracts or annotations. Covers the history and culture of the U.S. and Canada (from prehistoric times to the present). Coverage 1964- . Includes approximately 400,000 bibliographic entries.
    Avalon Project at Yale Law School: Documents in Law, History and Diplomacy
    Provides access to primary source materials in the fields of law, history, economics, politics, diplomacy and government. Coverage: antiquity to the present.
    Black History Canada
    An in-depth and comprehensive annotated guide to online resources on the history of Canada's black community developed by Historica. The For Teachers section includes additional resources and an annotated bibliography.
    Canada's Historic Places
    Provides access to Canadian Register of Historic Places, a database of historic places formally recognized by local, provincial and territorial governments, and by the federal government.
    Canadian Military History Gateway
    Gateway to military history resources on the websites of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, the Canadian War Museum, the Department of National Defence, Library and Archives Canada, the National Film Board of Canada, Parks Canada, and Veterans Affairs Canada.
    Canadian War Museum
    Helpful resources available on this site include: Democracy at War, a fully searchable digitized collection of WWII newspaper clippings and extensive contextual essays and information about the Canadian War Museum's Military History Research Centre.
    Champlain Society
    The mission of the Champlain Society is to increase public awareness of, and accessibility to, Canada's rich store of historical records. Many of the Society's publications have been digitized and can be searched and viewed in their Digital Collection.
    Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
    The Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online provides access to the full texts of all the published volumes of this major Canadian research work. A key feature of the DCB Online is the search interface permitting keyword searching of the full text of all volumes.
    Early Canadiana Online
    Digital library of over 13,000 volumes from the first European contact to the early 20th century. The collection is particularly strong in the subject areas of early official publications, literature, women's history, travel and exploration, native studies and the history of French Canada. Produced by
    The Web site of Historica, a foundation dedicated to increasing knowledge among Canadians of their heritage. The site integrates material from the CRB Heritage Project.
    Library and Archives Canada - Topics Pages
    The website of the Library and Archives Canada offers many resources on historical themes: exploration and settlement, politics and government, aboriginal heritage, Military Heritage.
    Web site dedicated to history of Manitoba includes thematic sections (e.g. Birth of Manitoba, Manitoba School Questions, 1919 Strike), digitized newspapers, first-hand accounts from letters, memoirs and diaries, drawings, maps and photos as well as resources for educators.
    McCord Museum
    The McCord Museum database contains images and information on artifacts from the collection and images taken from the Notman Photographic Archives.
    New France Archives
    Comprehensive research portal on the French colonial period in America. Includes a virtual exhibition and a large database of digitized documents: maps and plans, letters and reports, and other archival documents related to New France.
    Our Future, Our Past: The Alberta Heritage Digitization Project
    Includes digitized versions of hundreds of local histories; early Alberta newspapers; the Statutes of Alberta from 1906 to 1990; and the Alberta Folklore and Local History Collection, a digitized archive of manuscripts, reminiscences, stories, plays, poems, and photographs.
    Our Roots/Nos Racines: Canada's Local Histories Online
    Online fully searchable collection of digitized local histories from across the country. Includes early and more recently published local histories.
    Parks Canada - National Historic Sites
    Provides access to information on places, persons, and events of national significance.
    Peel's Prairie Provinces
    Online version of the authoritative Peel's Bibliography of the Canadian Prairies plus the addition of fully searchable digitized documents. Includes accounts of exploration, travel and settlement; immigration literature, settlers' accounts and memoirs; local histories.
    Veterans Affairs Canada
    Helpful resources on this site include: the History section, the Canadian Virtual War Memorial that contains a registry of information about the graves and memorials of more than 116,000 Canadian military personnel who died in service; images and information on Canadian military medals and decorations; and educators page.
    WWW-VL History Central Catalogue (WWW Virtual Library)
    Comprehensive site linking to history related web resources: research - methods and materials, eras and epochs, historical topics, by countries and regions.
  • Images

    Images Canada (archived)
    Central search access to thousands of images held on the websites of participating institutions such as the Nova Scotia Museum, the Glenbow Archives, the CN Collection at the National Museum of Science and Technology, Toronto Public Library, and the Earth Sciences Information Centre.
    McCord Museum - Collections
    Includes database of 1,000,000 photographs that provide a visual history of Montreal, Quebec and Canada from the 1840s to the present. 450,000 of the photographs were taken by the Notman Studios.
    Canadian Historical Portraits = Portraits historiques canadiens
    Collection of portraits of over 1,500 figures in Canadian history brought together by Aegidius Fauteux. The site provides short biographical notes for each individual, a search engine and a number of indexes. For individuals where entries exist in the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online and Les parlementaires depuis 1792 on the Assemblée nationale du Québec website, links are provided to the entries in those research tools.
    Virtual Museum of Canada - Image Gallery
    Thousands of images from the collections of Canadian museums.
  • Law--Canada

    Bibliothèque de droit de l'Université Laval (in French only)
    Extensive list of legal resources for Quebec, Canada and the world.
    Bora Laskin Law Library - University of Toronto Faculty of Law
    Provides links to legal resources, women's human rights resources, University of Toronto Law Faculty of Law Review, research guides and publications.
    The Canadian Legal Research and Writing Guide
    Comprehensive guide to doing legal research. Also provides links to researching law of other countries.
    CanLII: Canadian Legal Information Institute
    A Federation of Law Societies of Canada initiative for the public distribution of Canadian primary legal material. Provides links to federal and provincial court reports.
    Department of Justice Canada
    Home page of the federal Department of Justice. The Laws section provides access to the Consolidated Statutes and Regulations as well as constitutional texts, major statutes, and other related statutory resources. Site includes a helpful Index section.
    LawCentral Alberta
    Comprehensive site for Canadian law and justice resource materials. The Laws of Canada section provides access to Canadian primary legal materials, such as statutes, administrative decisions, cases, and by-laws. The Resources sections provides access to reference sources, legal FAQs, lesson plans, online law journals, and law-related websites.
    LexUM's server of the Centre de recherche en droit public at the Faculty of Law at University of Montreal is one of Canada's foremost law sites and the main Internet source on Quebec law. Links to international law sites. Regularly updated.
  • Law--Constitutions / International

    Avalon Project at Yale Law School: Documents in Law, History and Diplomacy
    Provides access to primary source materials in the fields of law, history, economics, politics, diplomacy and government. Coverage from antiquity to the present.
    Treaty Law Division - Global Affairs Canada
    This site contains data concerning treaties to which Canada is signatory or Party and the text of many of these treaties.
    Constitution Finder
    Comprehensive listing of constitutions, charters, amendments and other related documents.
    Constitutions, treaties, and declarations
    Contains collections of various documents including: treaties, conventions regarding human rights, warfare and arms limitations, international trade and environment. Links to EU internet resources.
    The Multilaterals Project
    Project at The Fletcher School, Tufts University to make available the texts of international multilateral conventions and other instruments. Project was initiated to improve public access to environmental agreements. Also includes treaties in the fields of human rights, commerce and trade, laws of war and arms control, and other areas. Coverage primarily after 1945, but some limited early materials available.
    ICL - International Constitutional Law
    International Constitutional Law (ICL) provides English translations of and other textual material related to constitutional documents.
    WorldLII - World Legal Information Institute
    Provides access to databases of legal information from over 20 countries as well as databases of decisions of international courts and tribunals. WorldLII Catalog provides links to over 15,000 law-related websites in many countries of the world.
  • Libraries

    Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec (BANQ)
    Provides access to the BANQ's online catalogue (IRIS), the Bottin des éditeurs francophones canadiens, Livres québécois à paraître, Liste des publications gouvernementales du Québec (monographies), Les relations France-Québec de 1760 à nos jours: inventaire bibliographique, BREF (Ressources de référence sur Internet).
    Directory of OCLC members
    List of participating institutions. Search by OCLC symbol or other fields.
    Directory of Symbols and Interlibrary Loan Policies in Canada - Library and Archives Canada
    The Directory may be used as a resource-sharing tool for finding Canadian libraries, their contact information and interlibrary loan (ILL) policies.
    This database includes links to and information on more than 4,000 online catalogs and library Web pages world-wide. The advanced search form allows searching by type of Automation System.
    Search many libraries at once for an item and then locate it in a library nearby.
  • Library Science

    EBSI: Ressources en sciences de l'information (in French only)
    Resources page from the École de bibliothéconomie et des sciences de l'information at Université de Montréal.
    E-LIS: the open archive for library and information science
    E-LIS is an open access archive for scientific or technical documents, published or unpublished, on librarianship, information science and technology, and related areas.
    Emerald Journals (access limited to LAC on-site users)
    Provides a search interface to a grouping of full-text journals in the fields of library and information science, information technology, knowledge management, and management subscribed to by Library and Archives Canada.
    IFLA Electronic Resources
    Resources on library and information science, Internet and networking, digital libraries and information policy.
    Library and Archives Canada: For libraries & librarians
    This page provides links to services and tools for the library community.
    Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts (LISTA) (access limited to LAC on-site users)
    LISTA indexes more than 600 periodicals, plus books, research reports and proceedings. Subject coverage includes librarianship, online information retrieval, and information management. Coverage from 1965.
    Library of Congress - For Librarians and Archivists
    Tools and resources for information professionals including sections on archival description, standards, cataloguing and classification, preservation.
    Library Research Service
    Statistics and information on all types of libraries of interest to librarians and library managers are available here. Fast Facts offers one to three page overview statistical reports, several of a national nature, covering public, academic, and school libraries. In addition their Other Sites section has annotated links covering research on libraries, literacy, users, and technology. LRS is a collaboration between the Colorado State Library the Library and Information Sciences Department of the University of Denver.
  • Literature and Languages

    L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde (in French only)
    Site on linguistic development and languages of the world. Provides information on linguistic situations and policies and on topics such as francophone states and communities, history of the French language in Québec, languages of the world, and non-sovereign regions (e.g. Catalonia, Louisiana, Basque region, Québec). - Great Books Online
    Provides full-text access to many classic works of literature and non-fiction as well as reference works. Includes The Oxford Shakespeare, the Harvard Classics, King James Bible, and the Cambridge History of English & American Literature (18 volumes).
    Canadian Literary Centre (access limited to LAC on-site users)
    Database combines the content of several series of reference works on Canadian literature published by Essays on Canadian Writing Press (ECW Press) providing book reviews, works of literary criticism, biographies, and periodical articles. Also includes full text articles from the following journals: Essays on Canadian Writing, Books in Canada, University of Toronto Quarterly, Textual studies in Canada, and Quill & Quire.
    Dictionnaire des auteurs de langue française en Amérique du Nord (in French only)
    Digitized version of the reference work by Réginald Hamel, John Hare and Paul Wyczynski published in 1989 by Éditions Fides. Provides biographical and bibliographic information on more than 1,600 authors writing in French in Canada and the United States. Also includes authors in such fields as history, political science, religious studies, and journalism.
    Ethnologue: Languages of the World
    Comprehensive resource on the world's languages made available by SIL based on their published work.
    Internet Public Library Online Literary Criticism Collection
    Contains more than 2500 critical and biographical websites about authors and their works that can be browsed by author, by title, or by nationality and literary period.
    Library and Archives Canada - Literature
    This page offers a selection of Library and Archives Canada resources on the topic of literature.
    L'ILE - Le Centre de documentation virtuel sur la littérature et les écrivains québécois (in French only)
    Provides access to information on Quebecois authors and their works.
  • Museums, Galleries

    Canadian Heritage Information Network
    Provides access to wide range of resources of interest to museum and heritage professionals.
    Canadian Conservation Institute
    The Canadian Conservation Institute (CCI), a Special Operating Agency within the Department of Canadian Heritage, advances and promotes the conservation of Canada's heritage collections through its expertise in conservation science, treatment and preventive conservation.
    International Council of Museums
    A directory of museums and museum-related resources.
    Virtual Museum of Canada
    A gateway to Canada's museums and their collections. Includes virtual exhibits, a searchable image gallery, and learning resources.
  • Music

    Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec - Collection numérique - Musique (in French only)
    The Digital Collection of the Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec includes 1,500 Québec music books and scores from the 19th and 20th centuries.
    Canadian Music Centre
    The Canadian Music Centre (CMC) holds Canada's largest collection of Canadian concert music. The CMC website provides extensive information on Canadian composers and their works. The site also provides helpful links to Canadian and international music websites.
    Canadian Music Periodical Index -- Library and Archives Canada
    CMPI is an index of articles from Canadian music periodicals. The CMPI database includes nearly 30,000 entries on articles dating from the late-19th century to the present day. Five hundred Canadian music journals, newsletters and magazines are represented here, almost 200 of which are currently active and continue to be indexed.
    Canadian Society for Traditional Music
    The Canadian Society for Traditional Music (formerly the Canadian Folk Music Society) is dedicated to the study and promotion of musical traditions of all communities and cultures. Their website provides access to some of their publications such as Canadian Folk Music Bulletin and Canadian Journal for Traditional Music; resource listings, related links and their folk music catalogue.
    Inventory of Notated Canadian Music to 1950
    A compilation of over 30,000 titles of sheet music of either Canadian origin or of Canadian interest.
    MUSICAN: Annotated Repertory of Canadian Musical Works for Performers
    The objective of this site is to guide performers in their choice of Canadian compositions. The site provides database of Canadian musical works searchable by categories such as composer, instrument, level of difficult, and genres such as opera, religious music, Native American music, compositions inspired by folklore, children's music, and Christmas music.
  • News Services: Canadian / French Canadian / International

    Abyz News Links
    A portal to online news sources from around the world. Includes newspaper, broadcast news, internet news, magazine news, press agency and local news sources.
    Alberta Heritage Digitization Project - Newspaper Collection
    Digitized collection of early Alberta newspapers. Collection will contain all Alberta newspapers up to 1950 once completed. Both dailies and non-dailies (weeklies, etc.) are included. Digitized newspapers can be browsed but not searched.
    Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec - Collection numérique (in French only)
    The Digital Collection of the Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec includes a number of digitized Quebec newspapers such as La Minerve (1826-1899), La Patrie (1879-1978), The Quebec Chronicle (1847-1924).
    The Globe and Mail: Canada's Heritage From 1844 (access limited to LAC on-site users)
    The electronic full-page newspaper archive of The Globe from June 1844. Coverage includes all the stories, plus thousands of images, advertisements, classifieds, political cartoons, births and deaths from more than 1.4 million pages of Canada's national newspaper, dating back to the pre-confederation era.
    Google News Archive
    Google News Archive searches across a large collection of digitized newspapers including numerous Canadian papers.
    Library and Archives Canada: Newspaper Collection
    This page offers a selection of Library and Archives Canada resources on newspapers including Canadian Newspapers on Microform, Checklist of Indexes to Canadian Newspapers and online Canadian newspaper sites.
    Library of Congress Collections - Newspapers
    Contains listing of newspapers received at the Library of Congress. Also links to internet resources outside the Library of Congress for newspapers, periodicals, government.
    Manitobia - Newspapers
    Web site dedicated to history of Manitoba includes thematic sections (e.g. Birth of Manitoba, Manitoba School Questions, 1919 Strike), digitized newspapers, first-hand accounts from letters, memoirs and diaries, drawings, maps and photos as well as resources for educators.
    New York Times Article Archive
    Search the New York Times from 1851 to present. Articles from before 1923 and after 1980 can be viewed without charge.
    News Media Canada
    Provides information on Canadian newspapers, circulation figures, ownership, and historical background.
    Peel's Prairie Provinces - Newspapers
    Digitized searchable collection of selected Prairie newspapers including La Survivance, Le Patriote de l'Ouest, Grain Growers Guide, and The Gateway (University of Alberta).
    Saskatchewan News Index
    The Saskatchewan News Index coverage varies: Regina Leader 1883 - 1903 & 1904-1920; Saskatoon Phoenix 1902 - 1908; Morning Leader January 1921 - April 1930; Leader-Post (evening edition) April, 1930 - December 1934; Regina Leader-Post January 1, 1935 - December 31, 1943; Saskatchewan Newspaper Index, 1935-1965 compiled by the Saskatchewan Legislative Library, Saskatchewan Newspaper Index, 1974-1977, Saskatoon Newspaper Index, 1980 - 1997, The Western Producer, 1991-1994, Regina Leader Post, 1992-1995. In general, coverage includes Saskatchewan originated stories rather than national stories.
    The Toronto Star - Pages of the Past (access limited to LAC on-site users)
    The Toronto Star fully digitized: over a century of regional, national and international events. Includes all images, advertisements, classifieds, political cartoons, birth and death notices. Searchable by date, key word or subject. Coverage: January 1, 1894 - . World Newspapers, Magazines, and News Sites in English
    Searchable directory of online English language newspapers, magazines, and news sites worldwide. Can be browsed by subject and country.
  • Periodical Indexes

    America: History and Life (access limited to LAC on-site users)
    A bibliographical database that indexes approximately 2,000 journals with abstracts or annotations. Covers the history and culture of the U.S. and Canada (from prehistoric times to the present). Includes approximately 400,000 bibliographic entries. Coverage 1964 - .
    CPI.Q (Canadian Periodical Index) (access limited to LAC on-site users)
    Electronic version of the classic Canadian reference tool: the Canadian Periodical Index = Index de périodiques canadiens. Indexes over 400 Canadian periodicals (including major French language titles) and selected American periodicals. Coverage: 1988 - ; full-text articles from over 160 periodicals and selected Gale reference sources: 1995 - .
    Canadian Business and Current Affairs (CBCA) (access limited to LAC on-site users)
    Index to over 700 Canadian journals (including major French language titles), newspapers, and selected international titles. Coverage: 1982 - ; full text coverage of selected titles: 1993 - .
    First Nations Periodical Index
    The First Nations Periodical Index indexes approximately twenty journals providing access to information about First Nations for students, educators, instructors and researchers. Coverage varies: generally begins mid-1980s.
    Newfoundland Periodical Article Bibliography (PAB)
    This database compiled at the Centre for Newfoundland Studies of Memorial University Libraries contains over 100,000 citations to periodical articles. Indexes a wide range of Canadian and international sources. Coverage: 1668 - .
    Repère (access limited to LAC on-site users, in French only)
    Index to over 550 French language periodicals (260 currently published titles) in all subject areas published in Quebec, elsewhere in Canada, France, Belgium and Switzerland. Includes full text of selected titles. Coverage: 1980 - .
  • Periodicals

    Canadian Association of Learned Journals
    Site includes lists of Canadian scholarly journals.
    CUFTS Journal Search
    CUFTS Journal Search allows you to look up a journal by title or ISSN, and find out (1) what online databases index that journal (and for which dates) and (2) what databases include full-text for that journal (and for which dates). CUFTS was developed at the Simon Fraser University Library for the Council of Prairie and Pacific University Libraries (COPPUL).
    Directory of Open Access Journals
    This directory includes over 9,000 free, full text, quality controlled scientific and scholarly journals. Searchable by subject or journal title. (access limited to LAC on-site users)
    Web access to Ulrich's Periodicals Directory. Offers a wide range of search and browse options and extensive bibliographic information. To view a listing of abstracting and indexing services covering a specific title, click on the "Document Access" tab from the full citation screen.
    The World's Electronic Journals
    Links page from the World-Wide Web Virtual Library. Organized by broad subject category.
  • Political Science and Public Policy

    Global Affairs Canada - The Department in History
    The Department in History section offers the full text of departmental documents, information on the history of Canada's international relations and of the Department including ministers, deputy ministers, and diplomats. A large portion of departmental documents including Statements and Speeches have been digitized and available in an online portal.
    Library and Archives Canada - Politics and Government
    This page offers a selection of Library and Archives Canada resources on the topic of politics and government.
    Parliamentary Democracy - Inter-Parliamentary Union
    Provides information on national parliaments and links to parliamentary websites.
    Political Resources on the Net
    Database of online public policy research publications, as well as information on policy organizations and institutes.
  • Quotations

    Quotations -
    Provides a search interface to Bartlett's Familiar Quotations and other quotations sources.
    Quotations Home Page
    Browse collections of over 20,000 quotations with a search function.
    Quotations Page
    Search the database as well as browse collections of quotations.
  • Statistics and Censuses

    Search Canadian census records (1825-1921) in LAC databases.
    Canadian Century Research Infrastructure
    The Canadian Century Research Infrastructure (CCRI) is a pan-Canadian, multi-disciplinary and multi-institutional effort to develop a set of interrelated databases centered on data from the 1911, 1921, 1931, 1941 and 1951 Canadian censuses.
    Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada (Industry Canada)
    A wide range of statistical data: economic and market research/statistics, industrial statistics, trade data, Bankruptcy Statistics.
    OFFSTATS: Official Statistics on the Web
    Gateway to national, regional, and international official statistics from the University of Auckland Library.
    Statistics Canada
    The Statistics Canada site provides access to CANSIM, the Canada Year Book Historical Collection, Census data, Historical Statistics of Canada, and to a wide range of Canadian statistics. The site also provides links to other statistical websites. On-site LAC users have access to E-STAT.
    A user-friendly search tool for a wide range of United Nations statistical resources. Includes country profiles.
    United States Census Bureau
    Home page of the U.S. Census Bureau.
  • Theses

    Theses Canada Portal - Library and Archives Canada
    Search portal for theses in Library and Archives Canada's theses collection. Provides free access to full text versions of digitized theses (usually after a five year embargo period).
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