The first week of November is Treaties Recognition Week in Ontario. This event recognizes the importance of treaties and increases awareness of treaty relationships between Indigenous and non-Indigenous communities in the province.
Library and Archives Canada holds an extensive collection of historic treaties, surrenders and agreements in Canada. During the week, you will be able to see two original treaties on display in Strathroy (west of London) and Ottawa.
At the Museum Strathroy-Caradoc
Treaty 21 will be on display at the Museum Strathroy-Caradoc, which is located on Treaty 21 territory, from November 4 to 7 (10 am–8:30 pm) and on November 8 (10 am–4:30 pm). Also known as the Provisional Agreement with the Chippawa Nation to Surrender Lands, this treaty was signed on March 9, 1819, so this is its 200th anniversary.
At the University of Ottawa and Ottawa Public Library
The treaty known as the Toronto Purchase and associated plan will be on display at the University of Ottawa on November 5 (10 am–2 pm). It will also be on display at Ottawa Public Library’s Main Branch at 120 Metcalfe Street on November 6 (10 am–7 pm).
Signed in 1805, this treaty is formally known as the Original Deed of Sale with Descriptive Plan Annexed from Eight Principal Chiefs and Warriors of the Mississague Nation of Indians for the Toronto Purchase Situated upon Lake Ontario.