Chronology and Bibliography


​Year ​Important Event
​1873 ​Born Teeswater, Ontario. Moved with family to Clearwater, Manitoba.
​1889 ​Married Charles W. Hamilton. Moved to Port Arthur, Ontario.
​1893 ​Death of first husband.

​Established studio in Winnipeg. Taught china painting and watercolour painting. Took classes in Toronto with George and Mary Reid, and possibly with Wylie Grier.

​1901 ​Left for Europe. Studied under Franz Skarbina in Germany.
​1902 ​Visited Holland, Italy and Spain. Studied at the Vitti Academy, Paris.

​Exhibited at the Salon of the French Academy in Paris. Abazia di St. Gregoria, (oil) Interior Same Courtyard, (oil) A Dutch Interior, (watercolour) Les Sacrifices reproduced on the front cover of the French art magazine, Lectures pour tous.

​1906 ​Painted Maternity.Visited Canada. Exhibitions of work in Toronto and Winnipeg.
​1907 ​Returned to Paris. Exhibited regularly at the Salon.
​1909 ​Mentioned in The Studio, an international art journal. Returned to Canada. Death of mother.
​1911 ​Les Pauvres exhibited at the New Salon, Paris. Exhibited at the Salon des Indépendants and with the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts.
​1911-1912 ​Exhibitions in Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal.
​1912 ​Exhibition at the Industrial Bureau, Winnipeg. Travelled through western Canada. Painted landscapes.Exhibition in Calgary.
​1913(?) ​Opened studio in Victoria. Received commission to paint portraits of B.C. Lieutenant-Governors.
​1915 ​Les Pauvres and Maternity exhibited at the Panama-Pacific Exposition, San Francisco.

​Moved to Vancouver. Exhibition at Pender Street Showrooms. Received commission from Amputations Club of British Columbia to paint European battlefields. Left for Europe. Worked in France and Belgium: at Arras, Amiens, Vimy, Ypres and Mons.

​1919 ​First reproductions of battlefield paintings in The Gold Stripe.Exhibition of battlefield paintings, Navy League Institute, Vancouver. Exhibition of battlefield paintings, Arts and Crafts Club, Victoria.

​Market Among the Ruins of Ypres exhibited at Salon, Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, Paris. Battlefield paintings exhibited at the Somme Memorial Exhibition, Amiens, and in the Foyer de l’Opéra, Paris. Awarded the purple ribbon of Palmes Académiques by the General Council of the Somme district.


​Les Amies de Versailles exhibited at Versailles. The Cloth Hall, Ypres, Market Day exhibited at Notre-Dame-de-Lorette. Battlefield paintings exhibited at Surrey House, London, in aid of the Allied Somme Battlefield Memorial. Returned to France. Became ill. Took to designing and making “dress accessories”.


​Awarded Gold medal, International Decorative Arts Exhibition, Paris, for dress accessories.


​Returned to Winnipeg. Opened a studio.Exhibition at the Fort Garry Hotel, organized by the University Women’s Club. Arranged to have battlefield paintings sent to Public (now National) Archives in Ottawa.


​Exhibition at the home of the Hon. and Mrs. Rogers, Winnipeg.


​Moved to Vancouver. Opened studio.

​1933 ​Exhibition at Vancouver studio with pupils.

​Exhibition at Vancouver studio with pupils.


​Exhibition at Vancouver Art Gallery.


​Paintings stored at the City Museum, Vancouver.

​1948 ​Exhibition at 4593 W. 6th Avenue, Vancouver.

​Exhibition at the Vancouver Art Gallery.

​1952 ​Exhibition at the Vancouver Art Gallery.

​Died at Vancouver. Buried at Port Arthur. Maternity left in will to City of Port Arthur.

​1959 ​Memorial exhibition held at Art Gallery of Greater Victoria.

​Maternity, Studio Corner and Portrait of Edna Sutherland exhibited at Winnipeg Art Gallery in Manitoba Centennial Exhibition, 150 Years of Art in Manitoba.

​1978 ​Retrospective exhibition, Mary Riter Hamilton 1873-1954 held at the Art Gallery of Greater Victoria.
​1987 ​Easter Morning exhibited at Winnipeg Art Gallery in Vistas of Promise: Manitoba 1874-1919.


  • Amos, Robert. Mary Riter Hamilton 1873-1954. Victoria: Art Gallery of Greater Victoria, 1978.
  • Berry, Virginia. Vistas of Promise: Manitoba 1874-1919. Winnipeg: Winnipeg Art Gallery, 1987.
  • Bruce, J.E.M.”Mary Riter Hamilton.” The Gold Stripe (May 1919):23.
  • Davis, Anglela E. “An Artist in No Man’s Land.” The Beaver 69/5 (September 1989):6-16.
  • “Mary Riter Hamilton: Manitoba Artist, 1873-1954.” Manitoba History 11 (Spring 1986):22-27.
  • Davis, Angela E. and Sarah McKinnon. No Man’s Land. The Battlefield Paintings of Mary Riter Hamilton 1919-1922. Winnipeg: University of Winnipeg, 1992.
  • Deacon, Florence E. “The Art of Mary Riter Hamilton.” Canadian Magazine XX (1912):557.
  • Exhibition of Paintings and Drawings by Mary Riter Hamilton and Pupils. Catalogue, November 1927.
  • Foster, W. Garland. “Coals to Newcastle.” The Western Home Monthly, (May 1930).
  • Les Pauvres and its Artist.” Museum and Art Notes: Art Historical Association of British Columbia IV 2 (June 1929):66.
  • MacBeth, Madge. “One of Our Last War Workers Comes Home.” Toronto Star Weekly (February 20, 1926):22.
  • The Manitoba Free Press (September 15, 1894).
  • “Mary Riter Hamilton: An Artist Impressionist on the Battlefields of Europe.” The Gold Stripe (1919):11.
  • The News Chronicle (November 23, 1954).
  • Paintings by Mary Riter Hamilton 1919-1920-1921: In Aid of the Allied Somme Battlefield Memorial. Exhibition catalogue, 1923.
  • The Teeswater Times (January 12, 1949).
  • Vervoort, Pat. “Painting Locked Away.” Lakehead Living (May 13, 1987):6.
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