Maria Rye


Maria Susan Rye began her emigration work in the 1860s by escorting groups of young middle-class women to New Zealand and Australia. In 1868, she began bringing women to Canada to work as domestics. Then she turned her attention to children.

Her sister Elizabeth Rye ran the Little Gutter Girls' Home (Avenue House) in Peckham, also called Miss Rye's Emigration Home for Destitute Little Girls. Other girls came from the Kirkdale Industrial School in Liverpool. Mostly though, Maria Rye worked with various Boards of Guardians to bring out wards of the English poor law unions, which sponsored their emigration.

In 1869, she opened Our Western Home, a receiving and distribution home in Niagara-on-the-Lake in southern Ontario. Most children were placed in homes in Ontario, but other groups were taken to New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Quebec and the United States. No children were brought over in 1875 and 1876 because of criticisms about her operation.

Between 1869 and 1896 her agency brought over more than 3,500 children, mostly girls. In 1896, Maria Rye retired, and Our Western Home and the home in Peckham were transferred to the Church of England Waifs and Strays Society.

Research at Library and Archives Canada

Department of Agriculture: General Correspondence (RG17)

Before 1892, immigration was under the jurisdiction of the Department of Agriculture. There are files relating to various sending agencies, including Maria Rye. Those records have been indexed by name in our Home Children Records database.

Immigration Branch: Central Registry Files (RG76 B1a)

This series contains correspondence between the Immigration Branch and many of the sending organizations. The files contain a variety of documents relating to the activities of the organizations, often including annual reports, lists of children's names and medical certificates. The documents within each file are arranged by date. Microfilm reels can be viewed on site.

Most of the microfilm reels in this series are digitized on the free website Héritage. Enter the reel number in the search box, e.g. C-4715. If the reel is digitized, click on the reel title to see the images. The page contents are not searchable, but you can skip ahead through the images to find the volume and file of interest, then browse through the pages in that file.

The following file includes some records relating to children sent by Maria Rye:

File title: Church of England Waifs and Strays Society
RG76, volumes 78 and 79, file 6648, 1893-1911, parts 1 to 5, microfilm C-4745

Research in Other Institutions

Liverpool Record Office

Maria Rye was frequently criticized for her lack of proper record keeping and inspections of the children. No files on individual children have been located and it is believed that they did not exist. However, researcher Gail Collins has extracted information from a variety of documents in Canada and in England, from which she compiled an index of the Rye children, 1869-1879. Courtesy of Gail Collins, that index is included in our Home Children Records database. There is information about the sources consulted and notes about the ships on which the children arrived: Maria Rye Index, 1869-1879: Notes about the Sources and the Ships.

Archives of Ontario

They hold a few items of correspondence written by Maria Rye regarding children in her care. Consult their Archives Descriptive Database to search for those references, using the keywords Maria Rye.

University of Liverpool Library

In the Special Collections and Archives there is a collection called "Papers relating to Maria Rye's Emigration Home for Destitute Little Girls". It includes reports and correspondence (reference GB 141 GB 0141 D630).

Liverpool Libraries and Archives

The Liverpool Record Office holds the Kirkdale Industrial School Admission and Discharge Registers, 1862-1865.

Research online

Published Sources

Other Resources

See our Home Children 1869-1932 page for links to other research sources, websites and institutions in Canada and the United Kingdom.

Maria Rye Index, 1869-1879: Notes about the Sources and the Ships

The following information relates to the Maria Rye Index in our Home Children Records database.  The chart lists the sources consulted by the indexer, her notes and transcriptions, and background information she found about the ships.

  • The Sources
    The title of the Sources are from the Notes field in the database.
    Title of the SourcesReferenceIndexer's Notes

    To Be Resolved or Could Be


    Many errors appear when the passenger list is cross-checked with other reports/records - if the term "to be resolved" or "could be" (in the case of census) is used, it is given as a possible clue; the researcher would have to verify name variances. 

    1869 First Party Report

    First Report of the Placing out of Pauper and Other Orphans in Canada and the United States of America, [PDF 4.13 MB] University of Liverpool Library, D630/2/2 (AMICUS 43955183)

    MORAVIAN - June 1869 "The first three children are those who accompanied me to Canada from England in the S.S. MORAVIAN, Captain Wylie commander, Miss Smythe matron, which left Liverpool June, 1869."

    HIBERNIAN – November 1869 – "The seventy-four whose histories follow accompanied me in the S.S. HIBERNIAN - Captain Smith, R.N.R. commander; Miss Smythe matron, which sailed 28th October, 1869."

    73 children are accounted for on the HIBERNIAN.  Children no. 1 to 49 were from Liverpool Workhouse Schools and no. 50 to 73 from other institutions.

    Information is listed across as: Child's Name; Age, Orphan; Where from; How long there; Any Relations Living; Where Placed; How Placed; How long Foster Parent has Lived in Present Neighborhood.

    Rev J Rogers  


    NB/NS  - maybe Bristol or Liverpool
    Reverend Rogers Worked with Rye, as his name is mentioned in some of the children's reports.

    Annie Macpherson


    It will be noted that Annie Macpherson's name is listed as bringing some children. Rye and Macpherson did work together to bring children.  Although they are on the passenger list with Macpherson, there are reports that verify they were under Rye's care, so it is doubtful there will be records for them at Barnardo's After Care, who hold Macpherson's records.

    1870 Letters

    Gutter Children - seven letters from children in Canada, includes five children formerly at Kirkdale (Liverpool) Workhouse Schools. June 1870, University of Liverpool Library, D630/2/3


    1870 Report - St George, Hanover Square

    Report by Maria Rye to the Board of Guardians of the Parish of St. George, Hanover Square, relating to 20 children taken from Workhouse in the autumn of 1870,  includes 3 letters, University of Liverpool Library, D630/2/4


    1871 UK Census

    National Archives, London, U.K., 1871 Census Returns, RG 10

    Details on individual children were provided from queries on Rootsweb mailing lists. Available on FamilySearch and

    1871 Census, Ontario, Canada

    Census of Canada, 1871, Library and Archives Canada, RG31


    1875 Letters

    What the people say about the children and what the children say about Canada, [PDF 3.64 MB] Maria S. Rye, London, printed by Jas. Wade, 18, Tavistock-Street, Covent Garden, 1871. (AMICUS 43947061)

    Letters written by several people in support of Miss Rye after the Doyle Report.  47 pages of letters.

    1881 Census, Canada

    Census of Canada, 1881, Library and Archives Canada, RG31


    1901 and 1911 Canadian Census

    Census of Canada, 1901 and Census of Canada, 1911, Library and Archives Canada, RG31

    Indexes also available at Automated Genealogy and  FamilySearch

    County Webpages

    Ontario GenWeb


    Ontario Births, Ontario Marriages, Ontario Deaths

    Archives of Ontario, Vital Statistics, RG 80

    Free indexes and images on FamilySearch.

    New Brunswick Archive

    Provincial Archives of New Brunswick, Vital Statistics, RS141


    Nova Scotia Archive

    Nova Scotia Archives, Nova Scotia Historical Vital Statistics


    1872/73 Annual Peckham  

    Miss Rye's Emigration Home for Destitute Little Girls, Avenue House, High Street, Peckham, 1874, University of Liverpool Library, D630/1/1
    Of Interest:  report signed Christmas 1873 – "Household expenses for 12 months £3 15s for each child received; clothes £1 11s for each child; expenses of administering charity £1 8s each child.  Committee paid £8 towards expenses of each child going to Canada: £4 15s to shipper for sea-passage; 6s 3d for railway fare to Liverpool, leaving £2 18s 9d per head to meet expenses of matrons and cost of the child in Canada until placed out for life.  Thus the expense of taking a child out of the gutters in London, and placing it in Canada, in a way to earn abundant bread in a respectable way, with a fair prospect of reaching even luxury and affluence later in life, may be roughly reckoned at £15 per head."

    A list of children who have, from 13th July, 1872, to 31st Dec., 1873, been received into the Home at Peckham - gives an account of their placing out in Canada or elsewhere. Report covers 127 children by 'initials'; age; reason placed at Peckham; 'initials' of Guardian and place.

    Ten were removed from the Peckham Home by friends or relatives - two were to sail in the Spring the remainder (117) were sent to Canada, which this report covers.

    1874 Annual Peckham Report - Letters

    Miss Rye's Emigration Home for Destitute Little Girls, Avenue House, High Street, Peckham, 1874, University of Liverpool Library, D630/1/1

    No documentation is included for the girls as to their placements - several letters written by the girls is included.

    Doyle's Report - Responses from Maria Rye,  8 Feb 1875

    Pauper children (Canada): return to an order of the Honourable the House of Commons, dated 8 February 1875, for copy of "a report to the Right Honourable the president of the Local Government Board, by Andrew Doyle, Esquire, local government inspector, as to the emigration of pauper children to Canada". Canadian Institute for Historical Microreproductions, no. 9_07172

    Available at Early Canadiana Online: Pauper Children

    Charges made against Miss M. Rye: before the Poor Law Board at Islington and her reply thereto. Canadian Institute for Historical Microreproductions,  no. 07098

    Papers Relating to the Emigration of Pauper and Other Children to Canada.  Addressed by Miss Rye to the President of the Local Government Board referring to Mr Doyle's Reply 4 May 1875. Doyle "Statements" lists 25 girls by initials (in quotes) and Rye's "Answers" to these accusations stating the child's full name. "See Synopsis no.": These "See" references refer to the 1878 Rye Report, which provided details about the girls' whereabouts.

    1. Date and Workhouse
    2. 4 June 1874 - Workhouse

    1.  Children whose Emigration to Canada with Miss Rye was authorized under Orders of the Poor Law Board 1875
    2.  4 June 1874 refers to Names of Workhouse Girls and Boys to sail with Miss Rye on the CIRCASSIAN on the 4th of June 1874.
    Besides the 1874 SARMATIAN passenger list, there is an Immigration Report that covers all these children, Library and Archives Canada,  RG17, volume 135, file 14134

    1. Covers 707 children between 1870 and 1874 giving the amount they paid.)
    2. These children actually sailed on the SARMATIAN, June 4, 1874, Library and Archives Canada, RG76, volume 65, file 3115, microfilm C-4733.

    1875 Letters
    1. From New Brunswick
    2. From Ontario

    Further letters furnished to the Department of Agriculture by Miss Rye, in rebuttal of Mr. Doyle's report. Canadian Institute for Historical Microreproductions,  no. 23997


    1875 Inspectors Report 

    Report of Inspection of Children 1875, 1886, Prepared by the Dominion Government Agents
    Archives of Ontario, Toronto Immigration Office Records,  RG11-7, MS6917

    1875 report details 576 children between 1869 and 1874; 1886 report details only some children for that year. Headings across the page(s): Inspection Centre, Place Name - Name; Age; where born; if been in Workhouse, and year; Where & how lived before leaving the United Kingdom; when came to Canada; With Miss Rye or Miss MacPherson; Religion; If goes to Church; Day or Sunday School; Name & Post Office Address of Guardian or Employer; If adopted; If Engaged for Wages & how long; Wages per month; How long in present place; Nature of Employment; Name & Post Office Address of last Guardian or Employer lived with; Why Left; How many places lived in before; How many times returned to "Home"; Remarks on Conduct, Position, Treatment & Well-being.

    15 Girls - How doing 1875

    Report 1869-75, University of Liverpool Library, D630/1/18

    Report covering some girls from 1869 to 1875. Information listed across: Child's Name; Age when leaving England; Where first placed; Where now: Condition: How long in workhouse before going to Canada; How doing 1875.

    1878 Rye Report

    Alphabetic List of Miss Rye's Children. Ottawa, 1 Feb 1878, W J Wills, Library and Archives Canada,  RG17, volume 214, file 22013

    Sparse details given of 600 children. Information given across - entry number; name; where placed; comment.
    A to Z report listed in order of arrival date. Although the highest number is 1167, only 600 children are accounted for. Besides an entry number (e.g. 309) some have a code number (-1, etc.) which seems to place them in a certain area/circumstance.  The codes appear to mean: 1 to 19 a county in Ontario; 20/21/23 New Brunswick and Nova Scotia: 23 to family relation; 24 back to the Home; 25 may mean married; 26 back to England; 27 Lost Sight Of; 29/30 to USA;  32 died; the meaning of other codes is not clear.  The term 'stet' used throughout this report likely means no change. Although dated 1878, this report covers children up to the end 1874. ER, NR, SR, WR seems to mean East, North, South, West Region.


    The National Archives, London, England
    The National Archives (formerly the Public Record Office)
    TNA  with Ref MH127515
    MH = Ministry of Health
    MH12 indicates that it is a workhouse record; following numbers designate name of Workhouse

    Some, but not all, workhouse records at TNA were consulted and references provided for this index.  There might be additional correspondence at TNA regarding Board of Guardian Minutes that might give further information. 
    The website The Workhouse  provides historical information about Union workhouses, schools and homes and indicates in which local archives the records are held.


    London Metropolitan Archives, England

    Many of the LMA records are indexed and digitized on the subscription website

    1878 NB/NS Report

    Report on Rye "Orphan" Young people in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, by Dr. Clay, Immigration Agent, Library and Archives Canada,  RG17, volume 222, file 22832

    Charts 77 children - Name; age; where born; if been in workhouse & where; where & how lived before leaving GB.; when came to Canada; with Miss Rye or McPherson (sic); religion; if goes to church; day or Sunday school; if adopted; if engaged for wages & how long; wages per month; how long in present place; nature of employment; name & PO address of last guardian or employer (present); why left; how many places lived in before; name & address of guardian or employer.

    April 19 1878 NS/NB Report that were omitted last year

    Report of Miss Rye's Children's Inspection, E Clay, Halifax, 19/27 April, 1878, Library and Archives Canada,  RG17, volume 222, file 22832
    Report on the state and condition of the young people located by Miss Rye in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, that were omited (sic) last year

    Each child is numbered from 1 to 77. See also What the People Say About The Children: page 18 - letter from R Shives in NB; page 25 - letter from John Boyd, NB.

    Clay Letter 1877 (?) in resp. Jan 76

    Report of Inspection of Miss Ryes Children, Edwin Clay, Halifax, 1/12, January 1877, Library and Archives Canada, RG17, volume 177, file 18374

    Letter doesn't specifically name children except by No's, which seems to correspond with RG17, vol. 222, file 22832 and possibly file 21898. 60 children

    A three-part report in conjunction with RG17, vol. 222, file 22832 again listing the 77 children:
    1.  1878 NS Report lists ten Nova Scotia children:  children's names; place of residence; guardian or employer
    2.  1878 NB Report lists 50 New Brunswick children; children's names; place of residence; guardian or employer
    3.  1878 Private Letter lists some children by name


    List of Miss Rye's children in Nova Scotia, who have not been visited by the Dominion Government Immigration Agent, Ottawa, January 22, 1878, W J. Wills

    1. List of Miss Rye's Children in Nova Scotia who have not been visited by the Dominion Government Immigration Agent.
    2. List of Miss Rye's Children in New Brunswick who have not been visited by the Dominion Government Immigration Agent.
    3. Private Letter to W J Wills from Ewin Clay, January 29, 1878.

    Library and Archives Canada, RG17, volume 212, file 21898


    1878 Annual Peckham Report - Letters from 9 girls

    Miss Rye's Emigration Home for Destitute Little Girls, Avenue House, High Street, Peckham, 1878, University of Liverpool Library, D630/1/2.

    This annual report contains extracts of eight letters received from the children and supporters of her work, No placement accounts for the girls, but does say 70 came from Peckham Home in 1877.

    1879 Annual Peckham Report

    Miss Rye's Emigration Home for Destitute Little Girls, Avenue House, High Street, Peckham, 1879. University of Liverpool Library, D630/1/3

    73 girls listed by 'initials'; age; reason why at Peckham; 'initials' of guardian & his abode.
    - four letters, only first name given

    1880 Annual Peckham Report - 7 Letters

    Miss Rye's Emigration Home for Destitute Little Girls, Avenue House, High Street, Peckham, 1880. University of Liverpool Library, D630/1/4

    Referring to previous girls (1869-1879).  Includes given name and surname initials.

    1889 Annual Peckham Report

    Miss Rye's Emigration Home for Destitute Little Girls, Avenue House, High Street, Peckham, 1889. University of Liverpool Library, D630/1/13

    Nine letters from girls sent 1869-1879  - initials only

    1893 Annual Peckham Report

    Miss Rye's Emigration Home for Destitute Little Girls, Avenue House, High Street, Peckham, 1893. Private collection.

    One letter - ELF initials

    Canadian Illustrated News

    Seven of the Three Hundred, Children Gathered at the Western Home, Niagara, on the 22nd of September last (1874) to meet Mr Doyle, the English Inspector.
    "Children brought out by Miss Rye, since October 1869, 1370, of whom 200 have been non-union children.  Mr. Doyle reverses the figures, and makes out that Miss Rye has added the Workhouse children as addenda, the truth being that her Home, at "Peckham," London, for waifs and strays, was not opened until 1873." 

    Canadian Illustrated News, May 1, 1875,  Vol. XI, No. 18, page 281
    Available online at
    Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec
    For the picture only, see Mikan 2943339

    Picture of seven Rye girls:
    1.  Louisa from Bristol in Canada since 1873
    2.  Little Hezibah from Greenwich 1873 with sister and widowed mother
    3. Nancy from Holborn Workhouse 1870
    4. Martha from Kirkdale, October 1869
    5. Kate from slums of Islington
    6. Sarah from Toxteth Park, October 1870
    7. Amie from Kirkdale October 1870
    The Home in Peckham actually opened in 1872; the figure in one report does state that 1159 had been brought by end of 1874, so Doyle's comment is correct.


    The Home children: their personal stories by Phyllis Harrison  
    Emigration and empire: the life of Maria S. Rye by Marion Diamond
    The golden bridge: young immigrants to Canada, 1833-1939  by Marjorie Kohli

    Some references from books on the Home Children have been consulted.  They are available at many libraries.

    What the People Say About the Children

    What the people say about the children and what the children say about Canada, [PDF 3.64 MB] Maria S. Rye, London, printed by Jas. Wade, 18, Tavistock-Street, Covent Garden, 1871. (AMICUS 43947061)

    51 pages of Letters written by the children and/or their Guardian (prior to October 1871)

  • The Ships

    Important Note:Passenger lists, 1865-1922 have been digitized and can be viewed online at Library and Archives Canada and on FamilySearch.

    Ship's NameDate of DepartureDate of ArrivalLAC ReferenceAdditional ReferencesIndexer's Notes




    Microfilm C-4523, list no. 30






    Microfilm C-4523, list no. 110






    Microfilm C-4523, list no. 46






    Microfilm C-4524, list no. 57






    Microfilm C-4525, list no. 113

    Montreal Gazette October 30, 1869: Liverpool 29th, Miss Rye sailed in the steamer HIBERNIAN yesterday from this port for Quebec, taking with her another large party of female emigrants.

    Montreal Gazette November 11, 1869: Miss Rye and another batch of servant girls have arrived per steamer. The young women are principally for Upper Canada.

    Montreal Gazette November 12, 1869: Toronto November 11 - Miss Rye arrived here to-day with 70 girls, and left to-day for Niagara where the old jail has been fitted up as a school to train the girls as servants.

    Montreal had a severe snow storm and the horse streetcars had been withdrawn and the winter sleighs were put into service.




    Microfilm C-4526, list no. 77

    Montreal Gazette, July 27, 1870
    MISS RYE - Miss Rye arrived in town, yesterday morning by the Quebec steamer, with one hundred and twenty orphan girls, ten boys and eighteen women, intending to go out at service. They were all taken to the St. George's Home where an excellent breakfast was provided for them. They afterwards proceeded to the West by the steamer Kingston. (Maybe the steamer CHAMPION left from Kingston, Ontario.)

    The Spectator (Hamilton) said proceeded to Niagara, instead of the West.

    Montreal Gazette, July 28, 1870
    Toronto, July 27. The steamer CHAMPION arrived today, bringing Miss Rye, who has one hundred and thirty children and about twenty young women, whom she hopes to provide with situations in this and other sections of Canada.

    The Globe (Toronto) July 30, 1870
    MISS RYE - All the servant girls recently brought out by Miss Rye from England have been engaged in the city.

    It appears the party left the PRUSSIAN at Quebec, took a river steamer to Montreal where they had breakfast, then another steamer to Toronto and/or Niagara.




    Microfilm C-4526, list no. 128

    1871 report for 1870:  Forty orphan girls, brought out by Miss Rye, have been provided with comfortable homes. They arrived in Quebec in the steamer PERUVIAN, and were conveyed by the Grand Trunk Railway to Portland, thence by steamer to St. Johns.

    What the People Say About the Children and What the Children Say About Canada - pages 33-34:To Mrs Needes, Matron, St. Peter's Hospital, Bristol. (written November 1870). Dear Madam: I know you are very anxious to hear if we arrived, yet we were on the water twelve days.  We had a very rough voyage, we expected every moment was our last.  I was seasick eight days.  I never want to go to sea no more.  The doctor was afraid it would turn to the fever, but, thanks be to God, I got safe over it.  I took nothing but brandy and beef-tea for eight days.  When we landed we rode in the train one night and a day.  We got out at Portland, then we were on the water another day and night; I was seasick again.  I preferred the last boat to the first; we were treated very kindly on both.  Miss Rye was very kind to us.  Forty of us went beyond Canada, the rest went on to Niagara.  We were taken to an Orphan Asylum.  I was there one night, when a lady came and took me away in her carriage as parlour-maid, where there are three servants, but she treats me as her own.  I am getting one pound a month, and I have not half the work that I had at home.  I am living in a very healthy place, called Saint John's, New Brunswick.  We spend six months in the town, six months in the country, which will be very good for my health.  I have been in my place a fort-night.  I was very ill when I came, I had bronchitis.  I do not know what I should have done had I not met with a kind mistress.  She had a doctor for me, and paid all expenses, but I am getting quite well now.  Tell Mrs Williams I thought of her words when I was on the water.  Remember me to every one in the house.  Susan and me are living very near each other; she has a good situation, and is doing well.  She has wrote to you.  Please to excuse me in not stamping the letter, I will stamp it next time.  I hope you and your family are all pretty well.  I had a mind to jump in the boat after you when you was going away.  Good-bye, I will say more next time.  I remain, yours respectfully, Martha Tunnicliff. (Reference is to Susan Garland, 13.  Both girls from came from Bristol City Workhouse on the PERUVIAN 1870 arriving Nov 9.)

    What the People Say About the Children and What the Children Say About Canada- pages 34-35: January 23, 1871. To Miss Coyle. Dear Miss Coyle: It seemed very hard at first to leave you.  I was very sea-sick, and the cribs we slept in was like orange-boxes.  We had very good meals in the ship, hot rolls and butter, and either coffee or cocoa every morning.  Sunday we had for dinner roast beef, potatoes, and plum pudding.  We were thirteen days on the water, and we had a very stormy passage.  Miss Rye's house is a very large building.  I stayed there five weeks, and left before Christmas, Laura Warr

    Prior to 1881, there were no passenger lists for Halifax. Sometimes there would be two lists, one for Halifax and a separate one for Quebec, but all the girls (40) going to New Brunswick and Quebec are listed on this passenger list for Quebec.  Two letters were written by girls (Martha Tunnicliff and Laura Warr) describing the voyage on the PERUVIAN.




    Microfilm C-4526, list no. 44

    Montreal Gazette June 27, 1871: Quebec June 32 [sic] - The SS PRUSSIAN arrived in port at four this afternoon; she has on board 125 girls in charge of Miss Rye and Miss McPherson has 100 boys.





    Microfilm C-4526, list no. 70

    Ontario Agent's Report at Quebec (Sessional Papers of the Dominion of Canada): SS PRUSSIAN dep Liverpool July 28 arrived Quebec August 7, Several young girls for Miss Rye's home at Niagara came out in charge of a matron; of these I have to report that some of them were affected with scrofula and other cutaneous diseases. The Boys brought out by Miss McPherson for the home in Belleville were a capital class. They along with Miss Rye's girls were dispatched west by special 7.30 a.m.  The remainder of the  Immigrants being forwarded at 5 p.m.

    The Ontario Emigration Agent records begin July 1, 1871




    Microfilm C-4527, list no. 113

    Morning Chronicle (Halifax), November 6, 1871(Arrived Halifax November 5, 1871): MISS RYE'S ORPHANS - Among the passengers from England by the steamer NESTORIAN which arrived yesterday morning, were 145 orphan girls, of ages from 9 to 13 years, in charge of Miss Maria S. Rye, an English lady who has for several years been showing her practical philanthropy by finding comfortable homes in the Provinces for English orphan children. Miss Rye and 36 of the little ones, who were to remain in Halifax, took quarters at the International Hotel. Arrangements had previously been made by Mr. W. G. Pedley, of the Employment Officer, for the adoption or employment of the children in families of known respectability - a matter in which Miss Rye is particularly careful - and the little ones were soon taken away to their new homes. About 60 were sent on by railway to St. John, and the remainder will proceed in the NESTORIAN to Quebec and Montreal.

    Montreal Gazette, November 11, 1871:The steamship NESTORIAN, Captain Aird, from Liverpool via Halifax, arrived in port this morning. When off the Pillars [island lighthouse in the St. Lawrence], she collided with an unknown vessel outward bound causing considerable injury to the steamer. A tug boat has gone in search of the unknown vessel to render assistance if needed.

    Ontario Agent's Report at Quebec (Sessional papers of the Dominion of Canada): November 10, 1871 NESTORIAN - This steamer brought out a party of girls under charge of one of Miss Rye's matrons. They were granted free passes to Toronto. Miss Rye and 80 children remained in the Lower Province. Miss Rye's girls of a much superior class to those brought out in SS PRUSSIAN on the 7th of August last.

    1871 report by Mr. Shives for Saint John, New Brunswick:Dated 17 January 1872 he writes: In November last, Miss Rye brought to St.John, eleven adults and forty-one children. They were eagerly taken up, and all were placed in comfortable homes. They came out to Halifax in the SS NESTORIAN, of the Allan Line, and thence were conveyed by rail and steamer to this city.'

    No ship passenger lists for Halifax prior to 1881.

    Montreal Gazette, November 13, 1871 noted that the bark, ARTHUR, from Quebec for Sunderland with lumber had returned with minor damage from the collision.






    The Morning Chronicle (Halifax), Saturday July 27, 1872: "ARRIVAL OF THE "CASPIAN" - The mail steamer "CASPIAN" from Liverpool, July 16th, and Queenstown 17th arrived here early yesterday morning. She brings 29 cabin passengers to Halifax, besides Miss Rye's party of 100 young women and 100 boys, who left by the morning train to Annapolis en route to St. John, where homes will be found for them.

    There are no passenger lists for Halifax prior to 1881, but there is a report for some of the New Brunswick and Nova Scotia children. The ship owner was the Allan Line. The CASPIAN continued to Baltimore.
    1872 Sessional Papers say that for Miss Rye 187 children came through Quebec and 108 boys to Saint John, New Brunswick.




    Microfilm C-4527, list no. 73

    Montreal Gazette, Tuesday, August 13, 1872: Quebec, August 12. The Canadian Mail Steamship PERUVIAN, Captain Smith, from Liverpool, August 1, arrived in port at 3.30 p.m., yesterday, with 92 cabin, 358 steerage passengers, and a general cargo for Quebec and Montreal. The Pilot reports five inward bound vessels off Father Point, four at Bic, four at anchor off Green Island, and the ship MARGARET at the Traverse, all bound up.   Miss Rye brought out in the PERUVIAN yesterday 19 single women, 44 female children and 18 boys. They all left in the train last evening for her western home, Niagara.

    The Ontario Emigration Record for this voyage says Miss Rye - 112 which does not match the above total (91) but the numbers for the three 1872 ships appears to be correct = 185. (Sessional papers of the Dominion of Canada)




    Microfilm C-4527, list no. 99


    The Ontario Emigration Record for this voyage says Miss Rye - 58 (the numbers for the three 1872 ships appears to be correct = 185).

    Montreal Gazette notes many ships seen on the voyage and every package of cargo for Montreal but no mention of Miss Rye.




    Microfilm C-4528, list no. 116


    Montreal Gazette has no detail at all.
    The Ontario Emigration Record for this voyage doesn't mention Miss Rye.
    The Ontario Emigration Record summary for 1872 says Miss Rye - 185.




    Microfilm C-4528, list no. 8

    Montreal Gazette May 13, 1873: IMMIGRANTS - One thousand and forty-five immigrants - chiefly English with a few Swedes and Germans - who came over on the SARMATIAN, stopped at the Tanneries Junction yesterday at 2 p.m. There were about 100 children belonging to the department of Miss Rye, of whom ten remained in the city. Eight hundred and forty are expected through today, passengers on the MANITOBAN. This is cheerful news.

    Tanneries Junction was a Grand Trunk Railway junction in Montreal.

    The SARMATIAN had 85 cabin and 1,045 steerage.




    Microfilm C-4528, list no. 37






    Microfilm C-4528, list no. 80






    Microfilm C-4528, list no. 20

    The London Times, June 1, 1874 from Maria Rye:I am thankful to be say that we shall have an extra-large number of children for Canada in this my next party (150 in all) as, in addition to those going from this house, I am taking little ones from the following Unions: St. George Square, Hanover Square, Windsor, Basingstoke, Bromsgrove, St Saviour, Surrey, Colchester, Marlborough, Stepney, Kensington and Methyr, seven being Unions who have sent children to Canada before, and three being fresh Unions.





    Microfilm C-4529, list no. 98






    Microfilm C-4529, list no. 116






    Microfilm C-4529, list no. 46







    Microfilm C-4530, list no. 71






    Microfilm C-4530, list no. 21


    The indexer gave only the date July 4, but list #21 is for the voyage departing 5 June and arriving 14 June. For the year 1879, which would include the SARDINIAN August 29-September 16, Rye states that for 73 sent in 1879, 1168 garments had to be made (16 garments each).




    Microfilm C-4530, list no. 59


    For the year 1879, which would include the SARDINIAN July 4, Rye states that for 73 sent in 1879, 1168 garments had to be made (16 garments each).

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