Charles Edward Baring Young was a Christian philanthropist who opened Kingham Hill boarding school in 1886. Located in Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire, it included a training farm and workshops.
According to the Kingham Hill publication Over the Hill (September 2008), Young opened Havelock Farm near Woodstock, Ontario, in 1895. His cousin, Alan Young, was the first superintendent. Harry Benfield succeeded him; he was also the warden of Old St. Paul's Anglican Church.
An estimated 200 Kingham Hill boys, ages 16 to 21, immigrated to Canada. The farm closed in the early 1930s.
Research at Library and Archives Canada
Immigration Branch: Central Registry Files (RG76 B1a)
This series contains correspondence between the Immigration Branch and many of the sending organizations. The files contain a variety of documents relating to the activities of the organizations, often including annual reports, lists of children's names and medical certificates. The documents within each file are arranged by date. Microfilm reels can be viewed on site.
Most of the microfilm reels in this series are digitized on the free website Héritage. Enter the reel number in the search box, e.g. C-4715. If the reel is digitized, click on the reel title to see the images. The page contents are not searchable, but you can skip ahead through the images to find the volume and file of interest, then browse through the pages in that file.
File title: C.E. Baring Young, Chipping Norton, Oxford, England. Farm School, 1909-1915-1940
RG76, volume 569, file 813390, microfilm C-10648
Research in Other Institutions
The Havelock Farm records were destroyed in a fire.
Kingham Hill School holds some registers relating to boys sent to Canada. There is a single page entry for each boy, written by C. E. B. Young. However, there are gaps in the records for some years. To request a search, contact Kingham Hill School.
- The golden bridge: young immigrants to Canada, 1833-1939 by Marjorie Kohli, pages 227-228. (AMICUS 28334219)
See our Home Children 1869-1932 page for links to other research sources, websites and institutions in Canada and the United Kingdom.