Genealogy and Family History
Early Dutch migrants to North America settled mostly in the United States. Some of the earliest Dutch settlers in Canada were United Empire Loyalists who fled to the Canadian colonies during the American Revolution. Later, there were three major periods of Dutch immigration to Canada.
The first was from the late 1880s to 1914. Many of these migrants were from the United States. As available agricultural land became more scarce there and in the Netherlands, settlers looked to land in the Canadian West. Having already been in North America for many years, Americans of Dutch descent easily integrated into Canadian society.
Although the Dutch settled all across the Prairie Provinces, there were also a few community settlements created, such as those at New Nijverdal (now Monarch), Alberta, Neerlandia, Alberta, and Edam, Saskatchewan. These people owned their own farms or ranches or worked as farm hands. Many others settled in and around the larger cities of Edmonton, Calgary, and Winnipeg.
The next large migration period occurred between 1920 and 1929. During this time, there was a high demand for labour in the farming, industrial, construction and domestic sectors. The majority of these people settled in southern and southwestern Ontario.
The third and last large wave of Dutch immigration began in 1947 following the end of the Second World War. Many of these migrants came from the agricultural sector, but there were also large numbers of skilled labourers and professionals, as well as war brides. The primary destination for most of these immigrants was Ontario and urban centres in the Western provinces. Although the immigration of Dutch peoples slowed after the 1950s, it would never fully cease as people continue to arrive in Canada in lesser numbers to this day. The population of people of Dutch descent today in Canada is approximately one million.
Research at Library and Archives Canada
Immigration Branch, Central Registry Files (RG 76)
- Reverend C.M. Van Aken, Zevenbergsche-Hoek, Holland, RG 76, volume 515, file 800626, microfilm C-10613. Brought settlers from Holland to Canada, 1908 to 1909 and 1913,
- Formation of a Netherlands Legion in Canada, 1940-1941,1945, RG 76, volume 459, file 701460, microfilm C-10400.
- Immigration from Holland, RG 76, volumes 39 to 41, file 923, parts 6 to 18, microfilm C-4699 to C-4702. This file includes lists of persons admitted into Canada between 1947 and 1952.
- Summary Report of Admissions and Rejections. Report from Rotterdam, Netherlands, RG 76, volume 246, file 168725S, microfilm C-7395. This file contains lists of people who were either rejected or admitted for immigration into Canada between 1924 and 1927.
Other series of Records
- Library and Archives Canada also holds other private records regarding Dutch families. Consult the Archives Search database using keywords such as a surname or the name of an organization.
- Library and Archives Canada also holds many documents regarding Loyalists. Consult the page on Loyalists for further information about these sources.
Research in Published Sources
Search for other books on the Dutch in AMICUS, using authors, titles or subject keywords such as:
- Dutch - Canada
- Netherlands genealogy
- New Netherlands
- Dutch genealogy
- Dutch Canadians
Research at Other Institutions and Online