Teachers and Students

Education is a provincial and territorial jurisdiction. Student records are usually retained by the individual school or transferred to the local school board. Records of schools run by churches are usually held by the archives of the relevant religious denomination. In the case of public schools, some records have been transferred to school boards, local archives or museums, public libraries or provincial and territorial archives. Please note, however, that it is not common for schools and school boards to retain old student records from previous generations.

As for teachers, Library and Archives Canada does not hold records relating to the certification and employment of teachers. These records can often be found in the relevant Provincial and Territorial Archives and Libraries. More recent records are likely still in the custody of the school board where the individual was employed.

Records of university and college staff are usually held by the archives within those institutions. Web sites for many of those archives can be found using the Canadian Council of Archives - Directory of Archives.

Library and Archives Canada holds only a few school attendance records. To locate these records, you can consult Archives Search by using the name of the school as the keyword.

Residential schools for Aboriginal children were administered by the Government of Canada through the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs. Consult our online guide Researching Your Aboriginal Genealogy at Library and Archives Canada for more information on how to search our holdings for Aboriginal or residential school records.

Quebec, Lower Canada and Canada East: Civil Secretary, records relating to education (RG 4 B30): School returns, including names of masters, teachers and students, 1829-1840

List of volumes for school returns - arranged by district

Volume District Date
17 Abbotsford, Ange-Gardien, Argenteuil, Ascot 1829-1831
18 Babyville, Beauce, Barnston, Beaumont, Beauharnois 1829-1831
19 Beauport, Bécancour, Beloeil 1829-1831
20 Berthier, Blairfindie, Botton 1829-1831
21 Brome, Boucherville, Broughton, Brompton, Bonaventure 1829-1831
22 Cacouna, Cap de la Madeleine, Cap Saint-Ignace, Cap Santé, Carlton 1829-1831
23 Chambly, Champlain, Charlesbourg 1829-1831
24 Compton, Contrecoeur, Côte Saint-Paul, seigneunie de Courval, Châteauguay, Chateau Richer, Chatham 1829-1831
25 D'Ailleboust, De Léry, Deschambault, Dudswell, Douglastown, Drummond, Dunham, Dundee 1829-1831
26 Eaton, Ecureuil, Etchemin, Farnham, Frampton 1829-1831
27 Godmanchester, Granby, Grantham, Grenville, Grondines 1829-1831
28 Halifax, Hatley, Hemmingford, Hinchinbrook, Hull, Inverness, Ireland, Isle aux Coudres, Isle aux Noix, Isle Dupas, Isle Saint-Ignace, Isle Verte, Sainte Thérèse de Varennes 1829-1831
29 Kamouraska, Kildare, Kingsey 1829-1831
30 Lachine, Lachute, Laprairie, Lac Maskinongé, Lacolle, Lacorne, Lac Beauport, Lanoraie 1829-1831
31 La Presentation, L'Assomption, Lathrope, La Valtnie, Lennoxville 1829-1831
32 L'Islet, Lochaber, Longueil 1829-1831
33 Ancienne Lorette, Lotbinière 1829-1831
34 Mascouche, Malbaie, Maskinongé, Melbourne, Métis, Missisquoi, Montréal 1829-1831
35 Napierville, Neuville, New Bentham, New Richmond, Nicolet 1829-1831
36 Ormstown, Petite-Nation, Philipsburg, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Pointe-Claire, Pointe-du-Lac, Pointe-Lévis, Potton 1829-1831
37 Québec, Ramsay, Richelieu, Rigaud, Rawdon, Repentigny, Rimouski, Rivière-du-Loup 1829-1831
38 Rivière Ouelle, Rouville, Ruisseau des Chênes 1829-1831
39 Sainte-Anne de Montmorency, Sainte-Anne de Northumberland, Sainte-Anne de la Pérade, Saint-Ambroise de Québec, Saint-André de Cornwallis, Saint André d'Argenteuil, Sainte-Anne de la Pocatière, Sainte-Anne et autres écoles du comté de Saint-Maurice 1829-1831
40 Sainte-Anne des Plaines, Sainte-Anne de la Pocatière, Sainte-Anne de Varennes, Sainte-Anne de Yamachiche 1829-1831
41 Saint-Anselme 1829-1831
42 Saint-Antoine de Tilly, Buckinghamshire (later, Lotbinière, Surrey county) 1829-1831
43 LaValtrie, Longeuil, Rivière-du-Loup, Saint-Maurice, Baie du Fèbvre, Yamaska 1829-1840
44 Saint- Armand 1829-1831
45 Saint-Athanase, Saint-Augustin 1829-1831
46 Saint-Barthélemy, comté de Berthier; Saint Benoit 1829-1831
47 Saint-Charles, Sainte-Catherine, Saint-Césaire 1829-1831
48 Sainte-Claire, Saint-Constant, Sainte-Croix, Saint-Cuthbert, Saint-Cyprien 1829-1831
49 Saint-Damase, Saint Denis 1829-1831
50 Saint-Edouard de Gentilly, Sainte-Elizabeth de Saint-Etienne de Beaumont, Saint-Eustache 1829-1831
51 Sainte-Famille, Saint-Férréol, Sainte-Foy 1829-1831
52 Saint-François Xavier, Saint-François d'Yamaska 1829-1831
53 Sainte-Geneviève, Saint-Georges 1829-1831
54 Saint-Gervais 1829-1831
55 Saint-Gille, Saint-Grégoire 1829-1831
56 Saint-Henri, Saint-Hilaire 1829-1831
57 Saint-Hughes, Saint-Hyacinthe 1829-1831
58 Saint-Jacques, Saint-James, Saint-Jean-Baptiste de Rouville, Saint-Jean de Deschaillons, Saint-Jean Chrysostome 1829-1831
59 5Saint-Jean des Ecureuils, Saint-Jean l'Evangéliste (comté de Chambly), Saint-Jean-Port-Joli, Saint-Joachim de Pointe-Claire 1829-1831
60 Saint Johns, Saint-Joseph de Soulanges, Saint Judes (comté de Richelieu) 1829-1831
61 Saint-Laurent, Saint-Léon le Grand (comté Saint-Maurice), Saint Lewis (Chambly) 1829-1831
62 Saint-Lin, Saint-Luc, comté de Huntingdon 1829-1831
63 Saint-Marc (comté de Verchères), Sainte-Marie de Beauce, Saint-Mathias, comté de Rouville 1829-1831
64 Saint-Martin de l'Isle Jesus, Saint-Mathieu de Beloeil, Saint-Michel de Bellechasse 1829-1831
65 Saint-Nicolas, comté de Richelieu 1829-1831
66 Saint-Ours du Richelieu, Saint-Ours du Saint-Esprit 1829-1831
67 Saint-Philippe, comté de l'Acadie, Saint-Pie, comté de Saint-Hyachinthe 1829-1831
68 Saint-Pascal de Kamouraska, Saint-Patrice de Rivière du Loup, Saint-Paul de La Valtrie 1829-1831
69 Saint-Pierre de l'Assomption, Saint-Pierre de Hartford, Saint-Pierre-les-Becquets, Saint-Pierre de l'Isle d'Orléans, Saint-Pierre de Sorel 1829-1831
70 Saint-Polycarpe 1829-1831
71 Saint-Régis, Saint-Rémi, Saint-Roch de l'Achigan, Saint-Roch des Aulnais, Saint-Roche de Lachenaie, Saint-Roch de l'Islet, Sainte-Rose 1829-1831
72 Sainte-Scholastique, Saint-Stanislas, Saint-Sulpice, Saint-Sylvestre 1829-1831
73 Sainte-Thérèse de Blainville 1829-1831
74 Saint-Thomas, Saint-Timothée 1829-1831
75 Saint-Valentin, Saint-Valier, Saint-Vincent de Paul 1829-1831
76 Sabrevois, Sherrington, Shifton 1829-1831
77 Stanstead, Sutton 1829-1831
78 Soulanges, Stanbridge 1829-1831
79 Terrebonne, Tingwick, Trois-Pistoles, Trois-Rivières 1829-1831
80 Valcartier, Vaudreuil 1829-1831
81 Wickham, William Henry, Windsor, Wolfe's Cove 1829-1831
82 Yamachiche 1829-1831
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