Medical Personnel

Resources at Library and Archives Canada

If a doctor or other medical worker donated their personal papers to Library and Archives Canada, the collection will be described in Archives Search. Select “Textual material” to limit your search and use a name as keywords.

First World War

The Call to Duty: Canada's Nursing Sisters

Pre-Confederation sources

Library and Archives Canada holds the following series relating to medical licences and applications made before 1867.

  • Medical Board Certificates and Reports, Upper Canada (Ontario), 1819 to 1854 (RG 5 B9)

    These records have been indexed by name in the General Index. If you find a reference, it will give the page number(s). The following list provides the corresponding volume number, which you will need if you want to order a copy. The actual records are not on microfilm or online.

    RG 5 B9, volume 61, 1819 to 1828, pages 1 to 226

    RG 5 B9, volume 62, 1829 to 1834, pages 227 to 605

    RG 5 B9, volume 63, 1835 to 1846, pages 606 to 941

    RG 5 B9, volume 64, 1846 to 1848, pages 942 to 1006

    RG 5 B9, volume 65, 1849 to 1850, pages 1007 to 1011

    RG 5 B9, volume 66, 1851, pages 1012 to 1060

    RG 5 B9, volume 67, 1852 to 1853, pages 1061 to 1148

    RG 5 B9, volume 68, 1854, pages 1149 to 1191

  • Quebec, Lower Canada, Canada East: Applications for Medical Licences, 1788 to 1848 (RG 4 B28)

    These records are arranged by date; they are not indexed by name. They are available on the following two microfilm reels, which are digitized on Héritage:

    RG 4 B28, volume 47, 1788 to 1811, pages 1 to 296, microfilm H-1733

    RG 4 B28, volume 48, 1811 to 1816, pages 297 to 557, microfilm H-1733

    RG 4 B28, volume 49, 1817 to 1821, pages 558 to 860, microfilm H-1733

    RG 4 B28, volume 50, 1822 to 1826, pages 861 to 1132, microfilm H-1733

    RG 4 B28, volume 51, 1826 to 1829, pages 1133 to 1421, microfilm H-1733 and H-1734

    RG 4 B28, volume 52, 1830 to 1834, pages 1422 to 1696, microfilm H-1734

    RG 4 B28, volume 53, 1834 to 1837, pages 1697 to 1930, microfilm H-1734

    RG 4 B28, volume 54, 1837 to 1848, pages 1931 to 2082, microfilm H-1734

  • Register of Medical Licences Issued, Upper and Lower Canada (Ontario and Quebec), 1819 to 1867 (RG 68)

    This register indicates only names and the date of licences issued. The register is arranged by surname:

    RG68, Register Medical Licences, microfilm C-3947

  • Registers of Licences for Surgery and Midwifery, Canada West (Ontario), 1866 to 1867 (RG 68)

    Copies of licences issued for the practice of physic surgery and midwifery. Each certificate includes name, date and place:

    RG68, Liber Canada LT, microfilm C-3908

  • Register of Coroners of Upper Canada (Ontario), 1800 to 1867 (RG 68)

    Commissions granted to coroners, which indicate name, date and place. At the front of each register there is an index arranged geographically by county and city:

    RG68, Liber Canada HR, 1800 to 1866, microfilm C-3908

    RG68, Liber Canada LE, 1866 to 1867, microfilm C-3908

External links to other institutions

Each province and territory has self-regulatory bodies established by legislation to regulate and license physicians and nurses. Lists of those authorities can be found on the following websites:

Some boards and colleges have transferred their older records to the relevant Provincial or Territorial Archives.

Some university archives hold records relating to doctors and nurses who trained there.

Other resources

Published sources

You can use Library Search to find biographies of individuals. Use subject keywords such as medicine, biographies, physicians and a name or place.

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