Medical Personnel

If a doctor or other medical worker donated their personal papers to Library and Archives Canada, the collection will be described in Archives Search. Select “Textual material” to limit your search and use a name as keywords.

First World War: The Call to Duty: Canada's Nursing Sisters

Library and Archives Canada also holds the following series relating to medical licences and applications made before 1867.

Medical Board Certificates and Reports, Upper Canada (Ontario), 1819-1854 (RG 5 B9): These records have been indexed by name and are included in the General Index card catalogue, available online as part of the Héritage Project.

Quebec, Lower Canada, Canada East: Applications for Medical Licences, 1788-1848 (RG 4 B28): These records are arranged by date; they are not indexed by name. They are available on the following two microfilm reels:

Microfilm Date Volume and pages
H-1733 1788-1811 vol. 47, pp. 1-296
H-1733 1811-1816 vol. 48, pp. 297-557
H-1733 1817-1821 vol. 49, pp. 558-860
H-1733 1822-1826 vol. 50, pp. 861-1132
H-1733 1826-1827 vol. 51, pp. 1133-1187
H-1734 1827-1829 vol. 51, pp. 1188-1421
H-1734 1830-1834 vol. 52, pp. 1422-1696
H-1734 1834-1837 vol. 53, pp. 1697-1930
H-1734 1837-1848 vol. 54, pp. 1931-2082

Register of Medical Licences Issued, Upper and Lower Canada (Ontario and Quebec), 1819-1867 (RG 68): This register indicates only names and the date of licences issued. The register is arranged by surname and is available on microfilm reel C-3947. When searching that reel, you will find the register between Liber KS and Liber MH.

Registers of Licences for Surgery and Midwifery, Canada West (Ontario), 1866-1867 (RG 68): Copies of licences issued for the practice of physic surgery and midwifery. Each certificate includes name, date and place (Liber Canada LT, 39 pp., microfilm reel C-3908).

Register of Coroners of Upper Canada (Ontario), 1800-1867 (RG 68): Commissions granted to coroners, which indicate name, date and place. At the front of each register there is an index arranged geographically by county and city (1800-1866, Liber Canada HR, 192 pp.; 1866-1867, Liber Canada AD-LE, 61 pp.; microfilm reel C-3908).

External Links to Other Institutions

Each province and territory has self-regulatory bodies established by legislation to regulate and license physicians and nurses. Some of these boards and colleges have transferred their older records to the relevant Provincial or Territorial Archives. To inquire about more recent records, please contact the relevant office for each province and territory.

Published Sources

  • Dictionary of American medical biography: lives of eminent physicians of the United States and Canada, from the earliest times, by Howard A. Kelly and Walter L. Burrage. (AMICUS 62796)
  • Polk's dental register and directory of the United States and Canada. (various editions)
  • Polk's medical register and directory of North America.
  • The indomitable lady doctors by Carlotta Hacker and Federation of Medical Women of Canada, 2001. (AMICUS 25711153)
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