Saskatchewan: Genealogy resources

A​re you researching ancestors who lived in Saskatchewan? On this page, you will find information about records held at Library and Archives Canada and the provincial archives. There are also links to online resources and to other institutions, societies and government agencies.

On September 1, 1905, Saskatchewan became a Canadian province.

Before that:

  • The first peoples were Indigenous, including Cree, Dakota, Dene (Chipewyan), Assiniboine and Saulteaux.
  • It was part of the territory granted to the Hudson's Bay Company in 1670, called Rupert's Land.
  • The expansion of the fur trade and European settlement saw the growth of another group of peoples called Métis, who were the descendants of mixed Indigenous European families.
  • In 1869, the Government of Canada acquired all the land belonging to the Hudson's Bay Company.
  • From 1870 until 1905, the area became a part of the North-West Territories.
  • In 1882, the southern region was divided into the Districts of Saskatchewan and Assiniboia.  In 1895, the northern region became part of the Athabasca District.
  • The arrival of the railway in the mid-1880s opened the area to immigrants from the United States, Great Britain and Europe, as well as migrants from eastern Canada.
  • In 1885, the grievances of the Métis people led to the North-West Resistance, also known as the North-West Rebellion.

Civil registration (birth, marriage and death records)

Civil registration is a provincial jurisdiction. In Saskatchewan, it began in 1878 (marriages) and 1888 (births and deaths), but the records are not complete.

See eHealth Saskatchewan: Genealogy for information about accessing the records and ordering copies.

Use Genealogy Index Searches for the following unrestricted records:

  • Births registered more than 100 years ago
  • Deaths registered more than 70 years ago

Marriages registered more than 75 years ago are not restricted, but are not yet searchable online.

Adoption and divorce

The Provincial Archives of Saskatchewan holds the Court of King’s Bench Records from 1870 to 1930, which include divorce records. After 1930, the records are held at the courthouse where the divorce was handled. See Courts of Saskatchewan.

Courts and criminal records

Land records

For information about the original land system of Townships, Ranges and Meridians, see our Land Grants of Western Canada database. See also Land Descriptions and Where They Come From. The province is now divided into urban and rural municipalities.

  • Land grants

    Library and Archives Canada holds the Letters Patent issued by the Lands Patent Branch of the Department of the Interior. The records refer to grants issued in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and the railway belt of British Columbia, 1870 to 1930. Those records can be searched in our database: Land Grants of Western Canada, 1870-1930.

  • Métis Scrip Records

    Library and Archives Canada holds records relating to Métis scrip applications, affidavits, files and registers (Department of the Interior, Dominion Lands Branch, Record Group 15). Search for documents using Collection Search.  Enter the keywords RG15 and a name.

    For records that are not digitized, find out how to access the records.

    Read more about Métis Scrip Records.

  • Other land records

    Copies of the patents for grants and records of subsequent land transactions are held by the Land Titles Registry managed by Information Services Corporation of Saskatchewan.

    Sales of agricultural land by the Canadian Pacific Railway to settlers in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, 1881 to 1927, can be searched in the Glenbow Archives CPR Land Sales Catalogue..

Wills and estate records

The administration of wills and estates is a provincial jurisdiction.

Other resources

Find other archives in Saskatchewan. See the Library System in Saskatchewan to find a library.

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