On September 1, 1905, Saskatchewan became a Canadian province.
- The first peoples were Indigenous, including Cree, Dakota, Dene (Chipewyan), Assiniboine and Saulteaux.
- It was part of the territory granted to the Hudson's Bay Company in 1670, called Rupert’s Land.
- The expansion of the fur trade and European settlement saw the growth of another group of peoples called Métis, who were the descendants of mixed Indigenous European families.
- In 1869, the Government of Canada acquired all the land belonging to the Hudson's Bay Company.
- From 1870 until 1905, the area became a part of the North-West Territories.
- In 1882, the southern region was divided into the Districts of Saskatchewan and Assiniboia. In 1895, the northern region became part of the Athabasca District.
- The arrival of the railway in the mid-1880s opened the area to immigrants from the United States, Great Britain and Europe, as well as migrants from eastern Canada.
- In 1885, the grievances of the Métis people led to the North-West Resistance, also known as the North-West Rebellion.
Civil registration (birth, marriage and death records)
Civil registration is a provincial jurisdiction. In Saskatchewan, it began in 1878 (marriages) and 1888 (births and deaths), but the records are not complete.
See eHealth Saskatchewan: Genealogy for information about accessing the records and ordering copies.
Use Genealogy Index Searches for the following unrestricted records:
- Births registered more than 100 years ago
- Deaths registered before 1917
Marriages registered more than 75 years ago are not restricted, but are not yet searchable online.
Deaths registered more than 70 years ago are not restricted, but only searchable online up to 1916.
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For information about the original land system of Townships, Ranges and Meridians, see our Land Grants of Western Canada database. The province is now divided into urban and rural municipalities.
Library and Archives Canada holds the Letters Patent issued by the Lands Patent Branch of the Department of the Interior. The records refer to grants issued in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and the railway belt of British Columbia, 1870 to 1930. Those records can be searched in our database: Land Grants of Western Canada, 1870-1930.
Homestead files and some other land records are held at the Provincial Archives of Saskatchewan. See Land Records.
The homestead files are searchable in two databases:
Homestead files from 1908 to 1911 are digitized on FamilySearch in Saskatchewan Provincial Records, 1879-1987.
Copies of the patents for grants and records of subsequent land transactions are held by the Land Titles Registry managed by Information Services Corporation of Saskatchewan.
Sales of agricultural land by the Canadian Pacific Railway to settlers in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, 1881 to 1927, can be searched in the Glenbow Archives’ CPR Land Sales database.
The administration of wills and estates is a provincial jurisdiction.
Library and Archives Canada information pages and databases
To find out about other types of records for genealogy research, visit our Genealogy and Family History pages, including Topics.
Provincial Archives of Saskatchewan
The provincial archives holds many sources for genealogy research. Consult the following links: