Treaty 8 (Adhesion) Commission

Overview

Owing to the inability of the Treaty 8 Commissioners to reach certain parts of the treaty area authorized by P.C. 918, 6 May, 1899 - particularly the regions around Fort St. John and Fort Resolution - the Minister of the Interior and Superintendent General of Indian Affairs decided that adhesions should be taken to Treaty 8 during the 1900 annuity payments. To this end, Order-in-Council, P.C. 460, 2 March, 1900, appointed James A. Macrae, an Inspector in the service of the Department of Indian Affairs, as Treaty Commissioner. Since some Métis claims were also known to be outstanding, Macrae was given the added responsibility of Scrip Commissioner "...to investigate ... any such claims which may be preferred to [him]...and to report upon each such claim to the Minister..." (P.C. 460, 2 March, 1900).

According to the terms of his appointment, Macrae was not authorized to issue scrip certificates, but merely to collect evidence and to report to the Minister, which he did in a letter addressed to the Minister on 19th January, 1901 (J.A. Macrae to Hon. Clifford Sifton, 19 January, 1901, RG 15, vol. 782, file 555680, pt. 1). Attached to his letter were two registers in which he recorded and summarized the testimony of 381 claimants (see "[Alphabetical Index] Half-Breed Applicants for Scrip in Territory Covered by Indian Treaty No. 8 who Appeared before J.A. Macrae, a Commissioner, on A.D. 1900", RG 15, volume 1514; and "[Nominal Index] Half-Breed Athabasca Claims [Register], Investigated by J.A. Macrae, 1900", RG 15, volume 1513, both of which are described in greater detail in the "Registers/Indexes" section). The following year the Minister of the Interior was permitted to proceed with the processing of these claims by Order-in-Council, P.C. 576, 16 March, 1901. The claims were subsequently reviewed by James A.J. McKenna, one of the Commissioners associated with the Alberta-Saskatchewan Commission (his 11-page report was present to the Minister on 16 March, 1901; see McKenna to Hon. Clifford Sifton, 16 March, 1901, RG 15, vol. 782, file 555680, pt. 1). Shortly thereafter, the printed scrip was delivered to Henry A. Conroy, Indian Inspector, Edmonton, for delivery to the claimants while travelling on his annual treaty payment schedule (L. Pereires to H.A. Conroy, 23 March, 1901, RG 15, vol. 782, file 555680, pt. 1).

Apparently, the Department continued to receive communiques from Métis residents in the District of Athabasca to the effect that they had been unable to meet with a scrip commission. The Minister of the Interior, therefore, authorized Henry A. Conroy, an Indian Inspector, by a letter dated 7th November, 1902, to receive evidence under oath in support of such claims while making treaty payments in the Lac La Biche and Lesser Slave Lake areas. The Minister was authorized to deal with the 64 applications collected by Conroy over the winter of 1902-03 by Order-in-Council, P.C. 273, 25 February, 1903.

A similar arrangement was made again with Conroy in connection with his annual spring visit to Peace River in 1905. Another 60 applications were collected and the Minister of the Interior was authorized to deal with these by Order-in-Council, P.C. 2113, 29 November, 1905. Requests from Métis residents continued, and Conroy continued to collect scrip applications while on his annual treaty payments visits in 1907 and 1908. The Minister of the Interior dealt with these last claims under Order-in-Council, P.C. 730, 8 April, 1909 (all of the claims collected by Conroy were entered into a separate register, entitled "Supplementary Claims taken by Henry A. Conroy", which is now retained in Library and Archives Canada as RG 15, vol. 1512 and is described in the section "Registers/Indexes").

Dates

5 June, 1901, to 19 December, 1901; supplementary claims were later taken by Henry A. Conroy, an Inspector with the Department of Indian Affairs, in connection with his annual visits to the area from 1902 to 1908.

Authorities

Order-in-Council, P.C. 460, 2 March, 1900; P.C. 576, 16 March, 1901; P.C. 273, 25 February, 1903; P.C. 2113, 29 November, 1905; P.C. 47-1757, 10 August, 1908; and P.C. 730, 8 April, 1909.

Members

James A. Macrae (P.C. 460, 2 March, 1900); Henry A. Conroy's appointment to receive supplementary claims from those Métis who were unable to make an appearance before James A. Macrae originated with the Department of the Interior (not with the Privy Council Office); consequently, Conroy never received the full powers of a Half-Breed Commissioner (see RG 15, vol 782, file 555,680).

Reports

The operational records of the Commission are in RG 15, Series, D II 1, vol. 825, file 616753, title: " W.J. Roche, enquiries re. setting of Half-Breed Commission in Manitoba [1901-1903]"; and in RG 15, Series D II 1, vol. 782, file 555680, parts 1 and 2, title: "J.A. McRae [sic] appointed Commissioner to dispose of Half-Breed Claims in Athabasca [1900-1914]".

Sittings

Sittings of the original Commission under Macrae were held at Fort St. John, Lesser Slave Lake, Peace River Landing, Vermilion, Chipewyan, Fort McMurray, and Wapiscow (this information was taken from a newspaper notice announcing MacRae's itinerary, RG 15, vol 782, file 555680, pt. 1).

Awards

The total number of awards collected by Macrae is not documented. A further 64 claims were collected by Conroy in 1903; 60 claims in 1905; 10 claims in 1907; and 20 claims in 1908.

Applications

Dept. of the Interior, RG 15, Series D II 8c, Applications, 1886-1906, 8.85 m, vols. 1333 to 1371; microfilm reels C-14943 to C-15010.

This series contains applications for scrip by Métis living in the North-West Territories. The applications date from 1886 to 1906 and were received by the North-West Commission, the Alberta-Saskatchewan Commission, and the Treaty 8, 10, and 5 Commissions, including their various adhesions. Each application gives the name of the applicant, his/her residence, place and date of birth, name of parents and origins, martial status, etc. The applications have been integrated and filed alphabetically by name of the applicant, see finding aid FA15-21, parts 1 to 15. This finding aid is also available on microfilm reel C-14943. An electronic copy of the finding aid is available in Archives Search.

To obtain a listing of all applicants who appeared before the Treaty 8 Adhesion Commission, researchers should refer to the separate claims registers established by Macrae (RG 15, volume 1513 or 1514) and Conroy (RG 15, volume 1512), all of which are described in greater detail in the section entitled "Register/Indexes".

If researchers can not find a particular application in this series (this is usually the case with applications accepted by Conroy), they should probably investigate the central registry files of the Dominion Lands Branch, RG 15, series D II 1 (which is described elsewhere). It is always possible that the application was withdrawn by departmental administrators and set up as a separate case file with a central registry number. This procedure appears to have been a common practice whenever an application required special consideration by the department. By creating a separate case file on a particular scrip application, the department could keep all its correspondence concerning the application together in a single location. For example, according to the register compiled by Henry A. Conroy (RG 15, volume 1512), all the applications accepted by him in 1903, 1905, 1907, and 1908 were put into case files. The case file numbers are cross-indexed in the registers.

The original terms of reference under which Macrae was appointed Scrip Commissioner did not permit him to issue scrip certificates to Métis claimants (see Order-in-Council, P.C. 460, 2 March, 1900).

Scrip Certificates

Money Scrip

Dept. of the Interior, RG 15, Series D II 8f, Money Scrip to Métis, 1876-1927, 3.0 m, vols. 1387 to 1403.

This series contains all the cancelled notes for money scrip awarded by the Department of the Interior to Métis claimants of the Province of Manitoba and the North-West Territories. The notes issued by the Treaty 8 Adhesion Commission are not identified in this series as a separate block of records, but instead are inter-filed with the notes awarded by all the Métis scrip commissions. As noted for the previous commission, all claimants for money scrip under the Treaty 8 Adhesion Commission were awarded $240 (there was no distinction made between heads of families and children). The award appears to have been taken as one $80 note and one $160 note. Neither Macrae nor Conroy appear to have issued $240 scrip. Recipients of $80 scrip are listed, by scrip note number, in finding aid FA15-24, parts 19 to 22; and of $160 scrip in finding aid FA15-24, parts 23 to 25.

To find the money scrip awarded to a particular claimant when the scrip number is not known, researchers should first refer to the claims registers (i.e., RG 15, volume 1513 or volume 1514, described elsewhere). The scrip note numbers awarded by Macrae are also recorded in register, RG 15, volume 1513. Conroy, on the other hand, awarded very little money scrip and did not record money scrip numbers in his register (RG 15, volume 1512); he recorded only land scrip numbers. In such cases, researchers should then consult the case file the Department established for Conroy's claimants in its central registry series (i.e., RG 15 D II 1, which is described elsewhere). The case file number will be indicated in Conroy's register.

If the cancelled scrip note awarded by Conroy can not be found in the case file, researchers should then search the series dedicated exclusively to Métis money scrip (RG 15, series D II 8f). To find a scrip note in this series when the number of the scrip note is unknown, researchers should first refer to the delivery register (RG 15, volume 1520, described elsewhere) to obtain the scrip note number, and then to the appropriate parts of finding aid FA15-24 to find the RG 15 volume number where the note is stored.

Land Scrip

Dept. of the Interior, RG 15, Series D II 8i, Land Scrip to Métis, 1885-1917, 1.1 m, vol. 1406 to 1410.

This series contains cancelled notes for land scrip awarded by the Department of the Interior to Métis claimants of the former North-West Territories. The notes issued by the Treaty 8 Adhesion Commission are not identified in this series as a separate block of records, but instead are inter-filed with the notes awarded by all the Métis scrip commissions. All claimants for land scrip under the Treaty 8 Adhesion Commission were awarded 240 acres (unlike earlier Commissions, there was no distinction made between heads of families and children). The grants were allotted in scrip of one 80 acre note and one 160 acre note.

The land scrip retained by Library and Archives Canada are grouped according to the amount of the scrip (80 acres or 160 acres), and in numerical order within each group. Finding aid FA15-13 will guide researchers to the volume in RG 15 where the note is stored; but to use this finding aid researchers must know the scrip number.

To find a particular scrip note when the scrip number is unknown, researchers should refer to the various claims registers which were established by Commissioners Macrae and Conroy, and which are now retained in RG 15, series D II 8m, as volumes 1512, 1513, 1514, and 1528 (see descriptions elsewhere). Volume 1514 is an alphabetical index to all the claims investigated by J.A. Macrae. The index will provide researchers with the individual's claim number. Researchers can then use this number to find the claimant's entry in the main claims register, volume 1513. The latter will provide information on the type of scrip awarded to each claimant, the scrip number, the scrip delivery date, and the place of delivery. Volume 1512, on the other hand, is an alphabetical index to all subsequent claims investigated in 1903, 1905, 1907, and 1908 in the Treaty 8 adhesion area by H.A. Conroy. If land scrip was awarded by Conroy, the scrip number is indicated. Alternatively, researchers can also use the delivery register (RG 15, volume 1520, described elsewhere) to obtain the scrip note number, and then finding aid FA15-13 to find the RG 15 volume number where the note is stored.

Receipts

Dept. of the Interior, RG 15, Series D II 8j, Receipts for Métis Scrip, 1885-1906, 2.25 m, vols. 1411 to 1420.

Pre-printed receipts were distributed by the Department of the Interior along with money and land scrip. The receipts were issued to the Minister of the Department and were to be signed by scrip recipients when the notes were delivered into their custody. Since scrip was only first issued under the Manitoba Supplementary Commission (P.C. 810, 20 April, 1885), these records date from June 1885. They are part of the documentation pertaining to all the Commissions which followed the Manitoba Supplementary Commission, except the last - the Treaty 11 Commission - which made cash settlements only.

Each receipt carries a unique number ranging from 1 to 15,700. The records are maintained by Library and Archives Canada in their numerical order. Finding aid FA15-26, parts 1 to 16, provides access to the records. Under each receipt number, it gives the volume number within the RG 15 record group; the name of the recipient; the recipient's application status (heir, child, etc.); the land or money scrip number; the amount of the receipt (in dollars or acres); the date of issue; and sometimes the scrip certificate number and the case file number.

In instances when the receipt number is unknown and only the claimant's name is available, researchers should first consult the delivery registers (RG 15, series D II 8m, volume 1520, see description elsewhere). The delivery registers are an alphabetical index to all the recipients of scrip. Among other things, they will give the number of the receipt signed by each claimant. Researchers can then use this number to find the entry for the receipt in finding aid FA15-26. The finding aid, in turn, will give researchers an indication as to which volume in Record Group 15 should be ordered if they wish to obtain access to the original document.

Subject Files

Dept. of the Interior, RG 15, Series D II 1, Dominion Lands Branch, Correspondence, Headquarters, 1871-1946, 213.6 m, vols. 227 to 1176; Microfilm reels T-12176 to T-15542.

A numerically arranged series of subject files created by the Dominion Lands Branch. The series touches on all aspects of land management and natural resource administration by the Department of the Interior, including Métis land claims. The records included in this series contain general correspondence and departmental memoranda relating to rulings, policy, and procedures, which governed the operations of the Métis scrip commissions. It also contains some case files relating to the awards given to individual Métis families. The files are numbered sequentially from 1 to 5,644,152 and are listed, in numerical, order in finding aid FA15-5. Under each file number, the finding aid gives the volume number, file title, date range, and subject headings. A copy of the electronic finding aid is available in Archives Search.

Registers/Indexes

Dept. of the Interior, RG 15, Series D II 8 m, North-West Half-Breeds and Original White Settlers, Registers and Indexes, 1877-1927, 4.5 m, vols. 1475 to 1555; microfilm reels C-11872 to C-11885.[Nominal Index] Half-Breed Athabasca Claims [Register], Investigated by J.A. Macrae, 1900

A register of applications for Métis scrip investigated by J.A. Macrae in 1900. It is probably one of the two registers which Macrae attached to his letter to the Minister on 16 January, 1901 (see J.A. Macrae to Hon. C. Sifton, 19 January, 1901, RG 15, vol. 783, file 555680, pt. 1). The register is organized by claim number, with each entry providing the name of the claimant, his/her parents' names, the claimant's date of birth, type of scrip granted (money or land), scrip number, scrip delivery date, place of delivery, person to whom the scrip was delivered, and a general remarks column. In some instances, the last column will indicate that a claim was later disallowed. The case file number may also be indicated in this column, if such was created by the department. The latter are now retained by the Library and Archives Canada series RG 15, D II 1, which is described elsewhere. To find an entry on a particular Métis claimant when the claim number is unknown, researchers should consult the alphabetical index, RG 15, volume 1514, which is described elsewhere.

RG 15, vol. 1513, Aperture Card Book 96, reel C-11879;

[Supplementary Claims taken by Henry A. Conroy]

A register of supplementary applications for Métis scrip taken in 1903, 1905, 1907, and 1908 by Henry A. Conroy, Indian Inspector. These claims were dealt with separately in Orders-in-Council of 25 February, 1903; 29 November, 1905; and 8 April, 1909. The register is organized by year, and under each year, alphabetically by the claimant's name. Each entry records the application number, the claimant's name, the names of his/her parents; the claimant's year of birth and place of residence; nature of scrip awarded (land or money); the claimant's case file number; and remarks by departmental administrators as to whether or not the claim was allowed. If land scrip was awarded, the scrip numbers are sometimes indicated. The majority of the awards are for land scrip.

RG 15, vol. 1512, Aperture Card Book 95, reel C-11879RG 15, vol. 1528, Aperture Card Book 111, reel C-11881 (this volume includes only the 1903 and 1905 claims)

[Alphabetical Index] Halfbreed Applicants for Scrip in Territory Covered by Indian Treaty No. 8 who Appeared before J.A. Macrae, a Commissioner, on A.D. 1900

An alphabetical index to the claims investigated by J.A. Macrae (volume 1513). It is probably one of the two registers which Macrae attached to his letter to the Minister on 16 January, 1901 (see J.A. Macrae to Hon. C. Sifton, 19 January, 1901, RG 15, vol. 783, file 555680, pt. 1). Each entry in this index provides the name of the claimant, his/her year of birth, his/her claim number, the names of his/her parents, the type of scrip awarded, and a column for general remarks.

RG 15, vol. 1514, Aperture Card Book 97, reel C-11879

Location Register of North-West Half-Breed Land Scrip...(Authority - Order in Council of 6th May, 1899, and subsequent Orders in Council)

These registers serve as an index to the lands which were patented to holders of Métis scrip awarded under P.C. 918, 6 May, 1899. The registers are organized according to the type of land scrip awarded (80 acres, 160 acres, or fractional acres) and then by scrip number. Each entry provides the date of the application, the name of the allottee (or claimant), the name of the patentee, the land description to which the scrip was applied, the date on which the Letters Patent was awarded, the liber and folio number of each land patent, the file number (if such was created by the department), and general remarks by departmental administrators. If the land was assigned to another individual, then the name of the assignees is indicated along with the assignment number. The land assignments are now held by Library and Archives Canada in RG 15, series D II 8l (vols. 1424 to 1474). The liber and folio numbers for the Letters Patent listed in these registers are now found in RG 15, series D III 10.

To use these registers when the scrip number is unknown, researchers should first obtain the scrip number from the delivery registers (i.e., RG 15, volume 1519 and 1520). As described elsewhere, the delivery registers are organized alphabetically and will provide, among other things, a summary statement on the nature and type of scrip awarded to a claimant and the scrip numbers.

For lands awarded to holders of 80 acre scrip notes, see:Register 1; scrip nos. A1501 to A3000; RG 15, vol. 1540, Aperture Card Book 123, reel C-11882Register 2; scrip nos. A5001 to A6000; RG 15, vol. 1544, Aperture Card Book 127, reel C-11883

For lands awarded to holders of 160 acre scrip notes, see:Register 1; scrip nos. A0001 to A1500; RG 15, vol. 1539, Aperture Card Book 122, reel C-11882Register 2; scrip nos. A4001 to A5000; RG 15, vol. 1543, Aperture Card Book 126, reel C-11883

For lands awarded to holders of fractional acre scrip, see:Register 1; scrip nos. A3001 to A3306; RG 15, vol. 1541, Aperture Card Book 124, reel C-11882

Register of Delivery of Manitoba and North-West Territory Scrip, Orders in Council of 30th March and 20th April, 1885 [and Subsequent Orders]

These registers document the delivery of scrip to claimants filing under the Manitoba Supplementary Commission, the North-West Half-Breed Commissions, the Alberta-Saskatchewan Commissions, and the Treaty 8, 10, and 5 Commissions, including all their adhesions. The registers are organized alphabetically according to the last name of the claimant. Each entry records the scrip number; the name and address of the person or agent to whom the scrip was issued; the date of scrip delivery; a brief description as to the authority (i.e., the Commission) under which the scrip was awarded; the amount and type of scrip issued; the application number (if applicable); the number and date of the receipt; the case file reference number; the certificate number; and a column for general remarks by departmental administrators. The registers are excellent sources for researchers to find documentation on a claimant's complete scrip record. They provide an alphabetical index to many of the records in RG 15 which have been filed under a numerical system. For example, the scrip certificates, scrip notes and scrip receipts are filed in RG 15 by the document number. The finding aids for these records either do not exist or consist of file lists organized under the numerical system. It can be a very tedious task to find such documents when the number is unknown. The registers described here will provide researchers with these numbers when only the claimant's name is known.

RG 15, vol. 1520, Aperture Card Book 103, reel C-11880 (for deliveries made between August 1899 and December 1928)

Index to North-West Half-Breed Claims rejected on Preliminary Examination

An alphabetical index to claims disallowed by J.A. Macrae on preliminary examination. The index is organized by the name of the claimant, and under each entry it provides the schedule number, the names of the claimant's parents, and a brief summary of action by the Department. If a case file was created by the department in its administration of a claim, the number of the file will be recorded in the last column. These case files are now retained by Library and Archives Canada of Canada in RG 15, series D II 1, which is described elsewhere.

RG 15, vol. 1522, Aperture Card Book 105, reel C-11880

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