The North-West Resistance, 1885

Section 3 contains federal government records on the 1885 North-West Resistance, such as letters of the Minister of Militia and War Claims Commission records.

Selected Government Records

Records of the Post Office Department fonds (RG3) (R174-0-6-E)
Department of the Secretary of State of Canada fonds (RG6) (R169-0-4-E)
Office of the Governor General of Canada fonds (RG7) (R178-0-5-E)
Department of Militia and Defence fonds (RG9) (R180-0-5-E)

Letters of the Minister of Militia

  • North-West Rebellion pension and grant records; correspondence and reports to the Minister of Militia from the Commissariat at Winnipeg, April to June 1885
    RG9-II-A-4, vol. 24, finding aids 9-16 and 9-12 (R180-60–1-E)
  • Related records in the North-West Rebellion military bounty land warrants and money scrip
    RG15-D-II, finding aid 15-34 (R190-63-5-E)
  • Headquarters records - Correspondence
    • Deputy Minister of Militia; approval of Adjutant General's report respecting accommodation and supplies to the garrison at Fort Garry, 1870
      RG9-II-B–1, vol. 6, file 7–1578, docket 860, finding aids 9-12 and 9-22 (R180-68-6-E)
  • Deputy Minister of Militia and Defence's Office; correspondence, 1867–1903
    RG9-II-A–1, vols. 1-495, finding aid 9-72 (R180–138–1-E)
    There is a complete set of registers for the correspondence, on reels T-4172 to T-4181 and indexes to these registers on reels T-4170 to T-4172. The registers are organized by docket number (file number) and list the correspondent and the subject. Finding aid 9–11 contains a list allowing the researcher to link docket numbers to volume numbers. It contains a list of all missing docket numbers.
  • Deputy Minister of Militia and Defence's Office; Letterbooks, 1867–1903
    RG9-II-A-1, vols. 407-478, finding aid 9–11 (R180-42-X-E)
    Copies of letters for the Deputy Minister's signature. The microfilm reels for the year 1870 are T-241 and T-242. The reel for 1885 is T-251.
  • Deputy Minister of Militia and Defence's Office; reports and memoranda, 1867–1920
    RG9-II-A-2, vols. 1–18, finding aid 9–12 (R180-48-0-E)
    Reports prepared for submission by the Minister of Militia to the Privy Council, as well as memoranda from the Deputy Minister to the Adjutant General and other officers of the Department, 1867–1907. Most volumes to 1897 contain indexes. Microfilm reels for years 1870 and 1885 are T-268 and T-272.

Documents Linked to High Ranking Officers

  • Headquarters records - Correspondence
    • Letterbooks, 1868–1903
      RG9-II-B–1, vols. 334-469, finding aids 9-12 and 9-22 (R180-68-6-E)
    • Adjutant General's Office and Headquarters; correspondence, 1868–1882
      RG9-II-B–1, vols. 1-48, finding aids 9-12 and 9-22 (R180-68-6-E)
      Most of the correspondence is missing, but there is a complete set of registers on microfilm reels T-4186 to T-4193 and indexes to the registers on microfilm reels T-4182 to T-4184.
    • Adjutant General's Office and Headquarters; correspondence, 1882–1903
      RG9-II-B–1, vols. 50-298, finding aids 9-12 and 9-22 (R180-68-6-E)
      There is a complete set of registers on microfilm reels T-4193 to T-4220 and indexes to the registers on microfilm reels T-4184 to T-4186 and T-284 to T-377.
    • Unnumbered correspondence and memoranda of the headquarters staff, 1868–1909
      RG9-II-B–1, vol. 496, finding aids 9-12 and 9-22 (R180-68-6-E)
      Includes the Adjutant General, Quartermaster General, Director of Artillery and Master General of the Ordnance. In addition, there are a few letters addressed to the Military Secretary, the Minister of Militia and Deputy Adjutants General in the Military Districts.
      Principal medical officer, Montreal, regarding cases of surgical instruments intended for medical officers in Red River, 1870
      RG9-II-B–1, vol. 6, file 7–1578, docket 466

Military Personnel

Surgeon General's Office

  • Numbered letters received in the Office of the Surgeon General in Ottawa relating to medical services for the North-West Field Force
    RG9-II-A-3, vol. 12, finding aid 9–16 (R180–106-X-E)
  • Medical reports - Correspondence of the Surgeon General, Dr. Darby Bergin
    RG9-II-A-3, vol. 13, finding aid 9–16 (R180–106-X-E)
    Copies of letters and telegrams sent by the Surgeon General, Dr. Darby Bergin, telegrams received by him, accounts, correspondence regarding pensions and payment of accounts, returns showing the disposition of medical stores, report by Bergin on the formation of a medical branch, report by George T. Orton, Brigade Surgeon of Middleton's Column, nominal rolls of the Field Hospital and Ambulance Corps, register of accounts received, certified and sent to the Department of Militia for payment, and index to telegrams received in the Medical Branch in April 1885.
  • Letterbook, 1885 Medical Office
    RG9-II-A-3, vols. 14 and 15, finding aid 9–16 (R180–106-X-E)

War Claims Commission (Pension and Grant Records of Veterans)

  • North West Rebellion pension and grant records
    • North-West Rebellion; letterbooks of the War Claims Commission, September 1885-November 1886
      RG9-II-A-4, vols. 24 and 25, finding aids 9-12 and 9–16 (R180-60–1-E)
    • North-West Rebellion; reports to the Commission
      RG9-II-A-4, vols. 26 and 27, finding aids 9-12 and 9–16 (R180-60–1-E)
    • North-West Rebellion; records of the War Claims Commission, consisting of a record of claims numbered from 690 to 861
      RG9-II-A-4, vol. 22, finding aids 9-12 and 9–16 (R180-60–1-E)
    • North-West Rebellion; evidence received on transport service claims
      RG9-II-A-4, vol. 22, finding aids 9-12 and 9–16 (R180-60–1-E)
    • North-West Rebellion; index to letters received
      RG9-II-A-4, vol. 22, finding aids 9-12 and 9–16 (R180-60–1-E)
    • North-West Rebellion; Pension and grant records relating to veterans of the North-West Rebellion; record of the proceedings of the commissioners
      RG9-II-A-4, vol. 23, finding aids 9-12 and 9–16 (R180-60–1-E)
Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development fonds (1677–1995) (RGs 10, 22, 85, 91, and 126) (R216-0-0-E)
Department of Justice fonds (1796-2001) (RG13) (R188-0-3-E)

Legal opinions and material of precedential value (RG13) (R188-43-X-E)

Records relating to Louis Riel and the North-West Uprising (RG13-F-2) (R188-61–1-E)

Series consists of correspondence, memoranda, notes, various drafts of poems, prayers and other Riel papers; also, notes, warrants, charges, statements and briefs of evidence, magistrate's reports and an account book of witness expenditures (1885). Many of the documents in this series were among Riel's private papers seized at Batoche on 11 May 1885.

Other documents and Riel documents in volume 2132 were part of the Department of Justice records containing Riel papers and other unencumbered papers for the period May 1885 to December 1886.

Department of External Affairs fonds (1803–1995) (RG25) (R219-0-2-E)

Correspondence with Canadian and British Government Departments (RG25-B–1-a) (R219-29-4-E)

Parliament of the Province of Canada (1841–1874, predominant 1859–1867) (RG14)

  • 3rd Session, 5th Parliament—Addresses:—6 February 1885 to 20 April 1885 inclusively, and also memorials, telegrams and letters from Louis Riel
    RG14-E–1, vol. 1929, finding aid 14–15 (part of R1025-2-7-E)
  • 3rd Session, 5th Parliament—Addresses: Request for copies of all correspondence or memorials respecting the claims of half-breeds of Sask. and the causes of troubles generally since 1874 and reports, letters and telegrams addressed to Lieut.-Gov. Dewdney, or communicated to him, and by him communicated to government concerning the agitation which has taken place at Duck Lake, and claims of western half-breeds, from 01/08/1884-06/02/1885. Also memorials, telegrams and letter from Louis Riel.
    RG14-E–1, vol. 1929, file no. part 1, finding aid 4–15 (part of R1025-2-7-E)

Department of the Interior fonds (1632–1936) (RGs 15, 48M 912031 and 92M 90132) (R190-0-3-E)

Royal Canadian Mounted Police fonds (1868–1999) (RG18) (R196-0-7-E)

Unfiled crime reports (RG15, formerly RG18-B-5)(R196-71-8-E)

  • Louis Riel—documents and papers relating to Louis Riel and his part in the North-West rebellion (includes copies of documents found on his person at the time he was captured) (1884–1885)
    RG15-B-5, vol. 2477, file no. 50, finding aid 18–12 (R196-71-8-E)

Department of National Defence fonds (1870–1989) (RG24) (R112-0-2-E)

Natural Resources Canada fonds (1874–1988) (RGs 21, 39, 88M) (R214-0-6-E)

  • Office of the Surveyor General, Registry Records—J. H. Metcalfe—Auction of the Dominion Lands Horses and Militia horses after Riel Rebellion
    RG88-A-I–1-a, vol. 115, file no. 6745, finding aid 88-2 (R214-30-4-E)

Selected Private Records

Private Records

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