Section 2 consists of records dealing with the Red River Resistance, such as military orders and instructions and records concerning military personnel.
Selected Government Records
There are some documents pertaining to the Red River Resistance and the North-West Resistance in the records of the Deputy Minister of Militia and Defence Office and the Adjutant-General's Office.
Department of the Secretary of State of Canada fonds (RG6) (R169-0-4-E)
General Correspondence (1867–1873)(RG6-C–1) (R176-3-6-E)
The subjects include the practical and constitutional adjustments following confederation, the creation of the province of Manitoba, and the Riel Resistance.
Secretary of State for the Provinces—Hon. Wm. McDougall—Reports on arrival at Pembina and obstructions to his journey to Fort Garry (1869)
RG6-C–1, vol. 316, file no. 995, finding aid 6-7 (R176-3-6-E)
Contains reports from Hon. Wm. McDougall to Hon. J. Howe—McDougall's proclamation to inhabitants of N.W.T., his instructions to Col. J. S. Dennis, reports of Col. Dennis to McDougall.
Also contains an original declaration by People of Rupert's Land and the North-West and their list of rights and other similar material.
Secretary of State for the Provinces—Despatch no. 6—Lieutenant Governor, Fort Garry, 16 January, 7 February—Transmitting copy of a letter from Messrs. Louis Riel and A. L. Lépine relative to the late troubles at Red River (1873)
RG6-C–1, vol. 336, file no. 36, finding aid 6-7 (R176-3-6-E)
Secretary of State for the Provinces—House of Commons, Ottawa, 16/17 April—For information respecting Fenian Invasion of intercourse of Lt. Governor of Manitoba with Louis Riel (1872)
RG6-C–1, vol. 333, file no. 1183, finding aid 6-7 (R176-3-6-E)
Secretary of State for the Provinces—Riel's Proclamation, rec'd thro' Mr. I. I. Hill, 21 April 1870
RG6-C–1, vol. 320, file no. 204, finding aid 6-7 (R176-3-6-E)
General Correspondence (1867–1952) (RG6-C–1) (R174-26-2-E)
Secretary of State—Report to the Council re distribution of the report of trial etc. of The Queen vs Louis Riel
RG6-A–1, vol. 60, file no. 2053, finding aid 6–1 (R174-26-2-E)
J. Cawthray—Comments upon speech of the Honourable E. Blake re North-West Rebellion and the execution of Riel (1886)
RG6-A–1, vol. 62, file no. 8095, finding aid 6–1 (R174-26-2-E)
Minister of Justice—Draught of proclamation re Ambroise Lépine and Louis Riel (General Correspondence)
RG6-A–1, vol. 21, file no. 609, finding aid 6–1 (R174-26-2-E)
Deputy Minister of Militia and Defence—Claim of A. W. Graham for compensation for the loss of time and property having been taken prisoner by Riel in 1869 and asking if we had on record particulars of such claim by others (1908)
RG6-A–1, vol. 133, file no. 1301, finding aid 6–1 (R174-26-2-E)
Department of Militia and Defence fonds (RG9) (R180-0-5-E)
Military Orders and Instructions
- Headquarters – Correspondence
Military Secretary, Montreal, 1870
RG9-II-B–1, vol. 6, file 7–1578, docket 444, finding aid 9-22 (R180-68-6-E)
Includes an extract from a general order to be communicated to all officers of volunteers taking part in the Red River Expedition.
Minister of Militia; instruction for guidance of the Principal Medical Officer of Imperial Forces for examination of men for Red River, 1870
RG9-II-B–1, vol. 6, file 7–1578, docket 455, finding aid 9-22 (R180-68-6-E)
Lieutenant-Colonel Jarvis, Commandant at Fort Garry, For an Authority to Engage Suitable Buildings in the Village of Winnipeg for Barracks during the Coming Winter, 1870
RG9-II-B–1, vol. 6, file 7–1578, docket 1114, finding aid 9-22 (R180-68-6-E)
Militia General Orders, 1867–1894
RG9-II-B-3, vols. 1–14, finding aid 9-24 (R180-70-4-E)
An index to subjects and units is in vols. 10–12.
General Orders, 1871, authorizing the formation of two batteries of garrison artillery: general and regimental Order Book, 1871–1894, School of Gunnery and "A" Battery
RG9-II-J–1, vol. 21, finding aid 9-28 (R180–115-0-E)
Included are orders of the Artillery Brigade, North-West Field Force, 1885–1886
RG9-II-J–1, vol. 21, finding aid 9-28 (R180–115-0-E)
Various Documents Linked to Army Personnel
Nominal rolls and paylists, Special Forces, 1870–1902, Red River Force, 1870–1877
RG9-II-F-7, vols. 1-4, finding aid 9-69 (R180–101-0-E)
Correspondence and telegrams relating to the organization of the force raised for service at Red River, 1869–1871
RG9-II-A-3, vols. 1-2, microfilm reel T–10393, finding aid 9–16 (R180-54-6-E)
Records include copies of correspondence and telegrams relating to the organization of the force raised for service at Red River, apparently prepared for a return to Parliament but never published.
Red River Force; warrants, numbers 1–1000
RG9-II-A-4, vol. 18, finding aid 9–12 (R180-59-5-E)
Red River Force; register of grants
RG9-II-A-4, vol. 18A, finding aid 9–12 (R180-59-5-E)
Red River Force, 1870–1874; lists of officers recommended for service, 1870–1871; correspondence relating to bounty land, 1872–1873; and records of courts martial and return of defaulters, 1870–1873
RG9-II-B-2, vol. 33, finding aid 9-24 (R180-69-8-E)
Register of service, Red River Rebellion, 1870–1877
RG9-II-B-4, microfilm reel T-6955, finding aid 9-24 (R180-71-6-E)
Red River Expedition Accounts, 1870–1877; monthly statements, general expenditure, voyageurs' accounts, transportation accounts and certificates for payment, 1870–1871; current accounts of district paymasters and vouchers, 1870–1874; and supply officer accounts, 1873–1874
RG9-II-F-3, vols. 1-4, finding aid 9-27 (R180-97-2-E)
Department of Justice fonds (1796-2001) (RG13) (R188-0-3-E)
Records relating to Louis Riel and the North-West Uprising (RG13-F-2) (R188-61–1-E)
Department of the Interior fonds (1632–1936) (RGs 15, 48M 912031 and 92M 90132) (R190-0-3-E)
- [Métis files]. Original title: Half-breed files (1884–1887) (RG15-D-II-3) (R190-38-6-E)
- Manitoba Act files (1873–1881) (RG15-D-II-2) (R190-37-4-E)
St. Boniface Parish, Lot 103, re-patent to Louis Riel, Louis—enclosed declaration of Lavallée, Louis and Proulx, Paul—Riel, Julie (1880–1882)
RG15-D-II-2, vol. 141, file no. M.A. 211, microfilm reel C–14903, finding aid 15–16 (R190-37-4-E)
- Northwest Territories Métis scrip applications (1885–1906) (RG15-D-II-8-b, RG15-D-II-8-c) (R190-44–1-E)
Selected Private Records
John Louis Hubert Neilson fonds (1870–1871)
Neilson served as a surgeon with the 2nd Quebec Battalion of Riflemen. Personal and official correspondence, medical reports, and a journal relating to Wolseley's expedition in Manitoba, 1870–1871.
Diary of Adam Wilson Graham (1908)
MG29-C112, vols. 1-2 (R7543-0-0-E)
A diary which describes Graham's settlement in Rat Creek, Rupert's Land, the Red River Resistance and his capture by Louis Riel's forces. Although the diary refers to events taking place in 1869–1870, it was drawn up in 1908.
Letter to J. McDonald from Robert Hamilton (1870)
MG29-A20, vol. 1 (R6906-0-6-E)
Letter dated Cumberland, 3 April 1870, reporting on Louis Riel's Provisional Government at Red River, its prospects, the execution of Thomas Scott and the prospects of the fur trade.