Digitized and Described Indigenous Heritage Content

We Are Here: Sharing Stories is an initiative to digitize and describe hundreds of thousands of Indigenous-related collection items in Library and Archives Canada's (LAC) holdings. This content includes textual material, photographs, artwork, maps and publications related to First Nations, Inuit and the Métis Nation, and comes from private donors, government records and published works. The initiative's goal is to make the content accessible to everyone through LAC's website, social media and other online tools.​

  • How to access digital content using the map and table – Details

    The collection items on the map and table below link to the Collection Search or Aurora databases. Multiple clicks may be required to view digital images. For general research tips and tools, consult our Search Help.

    The Google map is a geographic representation of digitized archival materials. Each collection is represented on the map by colour-coded pins: First Nations (yellow pin), Inuit (green pin), Métis Nation (blue pin) and Government of Canada (red pin). Please note that the red pin is used to highlight materials held in Canadian government departmental collections that are not entirely specific to First Nations, Inuit or the Métis Nation, or that cover a very large number of communities.

    Navigate to a geographic location and click on nearby pins to browse collections and start your research.

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    In some cases, complete collections are not digitized due to copyright or privacy restrictions, cultural access concerns, size of the collection, or fragility of the materials.

    You can search previously digitized Indigenous-related content using the tools and guides available on the Indigenous heritage web page.

    For more information about Indigenous Heritage content held at LAC, please contact our reference team at bac.reference.lac@canada.ca.

All archival documents and publications are preserved by Library and Archives Canada and appear in their original language. Before starting your search in our collection, please consult our historical language advisory.


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Table: We Are Here: Sharing Stories digitized content initiative
Title and link to collectionDescription First Nations, Inuit,
Métis Nation
LocationDates
Special Inquiry for Elder Indians’ TestimonyTranscripts of hearings held at Pelican Narrows and Stanley Mission, Saskatchewan.First NationsSaskatchewan1977
Leçons grammaticales théoriques et pratiques de la langue micmaque (official title of publication)Rare book by Father O.F.M. Cap. Pacifique. Contains problems and exercises, as well as a supplement containing additional exercises.First NationsNova Scotia, New Brunswick1939
Notes supplémentaires sur les traités de langue micmaque (official title of publication)Rare book by Father O.F.M. Cap. Pacifique.First NationsNova Scotia, New Brunswick1940
Leçons grammaticales de la langue micmaque : exercises supplémentaires (official title of publication)Rare book by Father O.F.M. Cap. Pacifique. Contains problems and exercises.First NationsNova Scotia, New Brunswick194-?
Psalm XXIII (official title of publication)Rare book by Silas Tertius Rand, including text of Psalm 23 and the text of a hymn headed “In de dark wood, no Indian nigh.” Both texts are in Mi’kmaq.First NationsNova Scotia185-?
A grammar and vocabulary of the Blackfoot language: being a concise and comprehensive grammar for the use of the learner […](official title of publication)Rare book by C.M. Lanning, Joseph Kipp and W.S. Gladston.First NationsAlberta1882
A general synopsis of the Otchipwe verb (official title of publication)A Book on Anishinaabemowin (Ojibwe) language prepared by Albert Lacombe to accompany “A theoretical and practical grammar of the Otchipwe language for the use of missionaries and other persons living among the Indians” by R.R. Bishop Baraga.First NationsQuebec, Ontario, Manitoba1878
A grammar and dictionary of the Otchipwe language (official title of publication)A reissue of Bishop Baraga’s Anishinaabemowin (Ojibwe) grammar and dictionary.First NationsOntario1882
Nugumouinun genugumouat igiu anishinabeg anvmiajig (official title of publication)Book of hymns in Anishinaabemowin (Ojibwe) language taken from a collection prepared by Mr. Peter Jones.First NationsOntario1836
Katolik gagikwe-masinaigan (official title of publication)Book in Anishinaabemowin (Ojibwe) consisting of sermons preached by Father Baraga.First NationsOntario1846
A collection of Chippeway and English hymns, for the use of the native Indians (official title of publication)Book containing hymns in Anishinaabemowin (Ojibwe) and English. Peter Jones primarily translated the hymns, with additional ones translated by Rev. James Evans and George Henry.First NationsOntario1851
Bible and gospel history, in Saulteux (official title of publication)Book entirely in Anishinaabemowin (Ojibwe) syllabic characters inscribed by Bishop James Horden.First NationsOntario[186-?]
Ewh kechetwah-muzzeneëgun. Nahnun muzzeneé'gunun Moses kahoozhebeühmoowahjin keähnekuhnootuhbeëgahdag anwawaud egewh Ahnishnahbag Ojibwag anindjig (official title of publication)Book entirely in Anishinaabemowin (Ojibwe).First NationsOntario1861
Kikinoamati-masinaigan, gaie aiamiekak8edjindi8inimasinaigan (official title of publication)Book entirely in Anishinaabemowin (Ojibwe).First NationsOntario1866
Katolik anamie-masinaigan wetchipwewissing (official title of publication)Book entirely in Anishinaabemowin (Ojibwe). Attributed to Frederic Baraga. Includes prayers, litanies, Stations of the Cross, hymns and catechism.First NationsOntario[1874]
The Books of the twelve Minor Prophets. O muzinaiiguniwan igiw mitasiwi ashi nizh anwajigewininwug noondash opitendagozijig. (official title of publication)Book in English and Anishinaabemowin (Ojibwe). Translated into Anishinaabemowin by Rev. Robert McDonald.First NationsOntario, Manitoba1874
A Collection of Ojebway and English hymns: for the use of the Native Indians = Ojebway nuhguhmonun, kanuhnuhguhmowahjin egewh uhneshenahbaig (official title of publication)Book in English and Anishinaabemowin (Ojibwe). Text was translated by Rev. Peter Jones, including a few hymns translated by Rev. James Evans and George Henry.First NationsOntario1877
Épitres et évangiles en sauteux (official title of publication)Book with text in Anishinaabemowin (Ojibwe). Headings are in French and Latin.First NationsQuebec1905
Nikamo masinaigan (official title of publication)Musical score. Hymns in Anishinaabemowin (Ojibwe) with musical notations, translated from Latin by Médéric Prévost. Headings and some text are in Latin.First NationsQuebec1918
The Ojibway church hymn book: being a collection of hymns gathered from various sources for use in divine worship and in the home (official title of publication)Book in Anishinaabemowin (Ojibwe) with English preface, captions and index. Text was edited by Rev. F. Frost, missionary at Garden River.First NationsOntario1924
Anamie-nagamonan (official title of publication)Musical score. Hymns in Anishinaabemowin (Ojibwe) with some in Latin.First NationsOntario1931
Gijgong enamog mikana: katholik anamie-masinaigan nagamonan gaie wetchipwewissing: a Catholic prayer and hymn book in the Otchipwe-Indian language (official title of publication)Book in Anishinaabemowin (Ojibwe). Prefatory material is in English and French. Compiled by T.A. Desautels. Includes musical notation for each hymn.First NationsOntario1931
Katolik anamihe-masinahigan nakkawewining = Livre de prières en langue sauteuse (official title of publication)Book in Anishinaabemowin (Ojibwe) with some headings in French. Attributed to C.-J. Camper, sometimes attributed also to A. Lacombe.First NationsOntario1935
An English-Dakota dictionary. Waṡicun ḳa Dakota ieska wowapi (official title of publication)Book compiled by John O. Williamson.First NationsManitoba, Saskatchewan[1902], 1938
A grammar of Lakota: the language of the Teton Sioux Indians (official title of publication)Book on Dakota grammar. Includes commentary on orthography, parts of speech, formation of words, and syntax.First NationsManitoba, Saskatchewan1939
The modern dialect of the Canadian Abenakis (official title of publication)Written by John Dyneley Prince and Graziado Isaia Ascoli.First NationsNew Brunswick, Quebec1901
Récit de François Kaondinoketc, chef des Nipissingues (tribu de race algonquine) écrit par lui-même en 1848 (official title of publication)Book with text in Nipissing, Anishinaabemowin (Ojibwe) dialect, with French translations and notes. Translation attributed to Father Cuoq.First NationsQuebec[1848?]
Niina, Aiamie Nikamo8inan (official title of publication)Book of hymns in the Abitibi language with titles in French.First NationsQuebec1856
Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (RG10) – Headquarters central registry system Central Registry – Miscellaneous recordsMiscellaneous documents with varied topics, including compensation for Primrose Lake Air Weapons Range, partial statement of Chief Poundmaker at his trial, and the will of Chief Shingwankoons.First NationsCanada1854–1985
David Trattles fonds – Hän Community series Images of the Hän community in Dawson City and Moosehide, Yukon. Includes community photographs from Alaska and a view of a community freezer from Tuktoyaktuk, Northwest Territories.First NationsYukon, Northwest Territories, Alaska1996
Charles A. Cooke Thawennensere fondsPersonal notes on various subjects, including Oka names, history and the Oka Case, land ownership on the Seigniory of the Lake of Two Mountains, demolition of the Methodist church, and a petition from the Chippewa (Ojibwa) Nation to Lord Metcalf.First NationsOntario1845–1953
Gilbert Monture fonds – Photographs series Photographs of Tk’emlúps te Secwépemc people, including Chief Louis Clexlixqen, from Kamloops, British Columbia. Many images depicting scenes from the Oberammergau Passion Play. Also includes photos of people from Simpcw First Nation.First NationsBritish Columbia1908–1932
Duncan Cameron fonds – Photographs and illustrations – Hanging of Stanislas Lacroix and Louis Riel in CourtLouis Riel Thematic Guide – Two images of Louis Riel’s trial.Métis NationSaskatchewan1885
Canadian Psychiatric Association fonds – Historical filesLouis Riel Thematic Guide – Files containing correspondence and an article on William Henry Jackson, Louis Riel’s secretary, and a photostat copy of a handwritten statement by Louis Riel.Métis NationManitoba, Saskatchewan1885, 1954, 1969
Maps, Plans and Charts collection – Map of the seat of Riel’s insurrection showing the connection of Prince Albert with other points in the North West, Trails, Telegraph Lines etc., etc.Louis Riel Thematic Guide – Map of Saskatchewan and District of Assiniboia with detailed locations of lakes, rivers, hills, trails and First Nation reserves.Métis NationSaskatchewan, Alberta1885
Maps, Plans and Charts collection – Map of the Seat of the Rebellion, showing route of troops and progress of Canadian Pacific Railway construction work Louis Riel Thematic Guide – Document consists of a page from the Evening Telegram newspaper, including a narrative titled “Story of Riel’s Rising” and other news stories.Métis NationManitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta1885
Charles Arkoll Boulton fondsLouis Riel Thematic Guide – Fonds consists of the orders of the day for 10 April to 12 July 1885, to Major Charles Arkoll Boulton commanding his force of Scouts in the North West Resistance (or North West Rebellion). Métis NationSaskatchewan1885
Diary of Adam Wilson GrahamLouis Riel Thematic Guide – Diary describing Graham's settlement in Rat Creek (also known as Totogan or Totoganung), Rupert's Land, the Red River Rebellion and his capture by Louis Riel's forces.Métis NationOntario, Manitoba1908
Letter to J. McDonald from Robert Hamilton Louis Riel Thematic Guide – A letter reporting on Louis Riel's Provisional Government at Red River, its prospects, the execution of Thomas Scott and the prospects of the fur trade.Métis NationSaskatchewan1870
Department of Justice fonds – Grant of Land to Jean Riel, Son and Heir at Law of the Late Louis RielLouis Riel Thematic Guide – File pertains to any legal objections of a land grant being given to Jean Riel, specifically in the context of the statutory provision for the grant to children of Métis heads of households. Métis NationOntario1898
Department of Justice fonds – H.A. Kennedy – Ottawa – If reward for capture of Riel was paid to Robert ArmstrongLouis Riel Thematic Guide – File contains inquiry and reply regarding whether a reward for the capture of Riel was paid to Robert Armstrong.Métis NationOntario1925
Department of Justice fonds – Capital punishment case files – Riel, Louis Louis Riel Thematic Guide – Correspondence and documents relating to the trial and execution of Louis Riel.Métis NationCanada1885, 1941, 1959
Department of Justice fonds – Capital punishment case files – Riel, Louis Louis Riel Thematic Guide – Scrapbook of newspaper clippings related to Louis Riel and the North West Resistance (or North West Rebellion).Métis NationCanada1885
Department of Justice fonds – Capital punishment case files – IktaCorrespondence and documents relating to the trial of Ikta, a Nakoda (Assiniboine) man.First NationsSaskatchewan, Ontario1885
Department of Justice fonds – Capital punishment case files – Bad Arrows (Manachoos), see also: Miserable Man (Kittimakegin)Correspondence and documents relating to the trial of two Cree men, Manachoos (translated as Bad Arrows) and Kittimakegin (translated as Miserable Man), as a result of the Frog Lake Massacre in Frog Lake, Alberta.First Nations, Métis NationSaskatchewan, Ontario1885
Department of Justice fonds – Capital punishment case files – Pa-pa-mah-cha-kways (Wandering Spirit)Correspondence and documents relating to the trial of Pa-pa-mah-cha-kways (translated as Wandering Spirit), a Cree man, as a result of the Frog Lake Massacre in Frog Lake, Alberta on April 2, 1885.First Nations, Métis NationSaskatchewan, Ontario1885
Department of Justice fonds – Capital punishment case files – Eugana (The Fast Runner; Fast Runner)Correspondence and documents relating to the trial of Eugana (translated as The Fast Runner), a Nakoda (Assiniboine) man.First NationsSaskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario1885–1888
Department of Justice fonds – Capital punishment case files – Iron Body alias NabpaceCorrespondence and documents relating to the trial of Nabpace (translated as Iron Body), a Cree man, as a result of the Frog Lake Massacre in Frog Lake, Alberta.First Nations, Métis NationSaskatchewan, Ontario1885–1886, 1888
Department of Justice fonds – Capital punishment case files – Man Without Blood (Wah-Wah-Nitch)Correspondence and documents relating to the trial of Wah-Wah-Nitch (translated as Man Without Blood), a Nakoda (Assiniboine) man.First NationsSaskatchewan, Ontario1885
Department of Justice fonds – Capital punishment case files – Apischaskoos also known as Little BearCorrespondence and documents relating to the trial of Apischaskoos (translated as Little Bear), a Cree man, as a result of the Frog Lake Massacre in Frog Lake, Alberta.First Nations, Métis NationCanada1885
Department of Justice fonds – Capital punishment case files – Mongrain, LouisonCorrespondence and documents relating to the trial of Louison Mongrain, a Cree man.First NationsOntario, Saskatchewan, Manitoba1885–1890
Department of Justice fonds – Capital punishment case files – Charlebois, Charles (alias: Ducharme) (also: Dressy Man)Correspondence and documents relating to the trial of two Cree men, Charles Charlebois (alias: Ducharme) and Wawaasehoween (translated as Dressy Man).First NationsOntario, Saskatchewan, Manitoba1885–1890
Department of Justice fonds – Capital punishment case files – Kayawass (alias: Tattaguna)Correspondence and documents relating to the trial of Kayawass (alias: Tattaguna), a Secwepemc man.First NationsBritish Columbia, Ontario1885–1886
Department of Justice fonds – Capital punishment case files – Charcoal (Pah-Cah-Pah-Ne-Cappy), Bad Young ManCorrespondence and documents relating to the trial of Pah-Cah-Pah-Ne-Cappy (translated as Bad Young Man or Lazy Young Man) (alias: Charcoal) (also known as Si'k-okskitsis), a Kainai (Blood) man.First NationsOntario, Alberta1897
Department of Justice fonds – Records relating to Louis Riel and the North West UprisingLouis Riel Thematic Guide – Correspondence, memoranda, notes, various drafts of poems, prayers and other Riel papers; also, notes, warrants, charges, statements and briefs of evidence, magistrate's reports and an account book of witness expenditures (1885). Many documents in this were among Riel's private papers seized at Batoche on 11 May 1885.Métis NationCanada1886–1973
Royal Canadian Mounted Police fonds – Reward for Capture of Louis Riel Louis Riel Thematic Guide – Correspondence between the Deputy Minister of Justice and the Commissioner of the RCMP regarding a reward allegedly offered for the capture of Louis Riel.Métis NationOntario1925
Royal Canadian Mounted Police fonds – [North West Mounted Police Honour Rolls, North West Resistance 1885]Louis Riel Thematic Guide – Lists of officers and men of the North West Mounted Police present at various engagements in the North West Resistance (or North West Rebellion). Includes regimental number, rank and name, engagement, date, and remarks including killed or wounded in action.Métis NationCanada1885
Royal Canadian Mounted Police fonds – [Documents and papers relating to Louis Riel and the North West Resistance]Louis Riel Thematic Guide – Documents and correspondence related to Louis Riel and his role in the North West Resistance (or North West Rebellion) of 1885. Includes copies of documents found in Louis Riel's possession upon his capture in 1885.Métis NationSaskatchewan, Manitoba, Alberta, Ontario1884–1885
Royal Canadian Mounted Police fonds – [Reports from Prince Albert District, Duck Lake and St-Laurent regarding disturbance at Chief Poundmaker's Reserve, and restlessness among First Nations and Métis]Louis Riel Thematic Guide – Reports, telegraphs, and correspondence with the Office of the Commissioner of the North West Mounted Police on topics related to the North West Resistance (or North West Rebellion) of 1885.Métis NationSaskatchewan, Manitoba, Alberta, Ontario1883–1885
Royal Canadian Mounted Police fonds – [Reports on Métis in Carlton District and Duck Lake Engagement] Louis Riel Thematic Guide – Reports and correspondence with the North West Mounted Police regarding the activities of Métis and First Nations in the Northwest Territories and the military engagement at Duck Lake.Métis NationSaskatchewan, Manitoba, Alberta, Ontario1884–1885
Royal Canadian Mounted Police fonds – Louis Riel – documents found in possession ofLouis Riel Thematic Guide - Transcriptions and translations of documents found in the possession of Louis Riel upon his capture.Métis NationSaskatchewan, Manitoba1885
Secretary of State for the Provinces – Hon. Wm. McDougall – Reports on arrival at Pembina and obstructions to his journey to Fort GarryLouis Riel Thematic Guide – Reports and correspondence regarding the state of affairs in Rupert's Land and the North-Western Territory.Métis NationManitoba1869–1870
Secretary of State for the Provinces – Hon. Wm. McDougall – Riel’s Proclamation, rec’d thro’ Mr. I.I. Hill, 21 April 1870Louis Riel Thematic Guide – A newspaper clipping titled "Riel's Proclamation."Métis NationCanada1870
Secretary of State for the Provinces – House of Commons, Ottawa, 16/17 April – For information respecting Fenian invasion of intercourse of Lt. Governor of Manitoba with Louis RielLouis Riel Thematic Guide – Written request from the House of Commons to the Secretary of State for the Provinces for information respecting Fenian Invasion and discussion(s) of the Lt. Governor of Manitoba with Louis Riel.Métis NationCanada1872
Secretary of State for the Provinces – Despatch no. 6 – Lieutenant Governor, Fort Garry, 16 January, 7 February […] Louis Riel Thematic Guide – Letter from Messrs. Louis Riel and A.D. Lépine relative to the late troubles at Red River.Métis NationCanada1873
Department of External Affairs fonds – Department of Justice (Canada) – Telegram re Riel Louis Riel Thematic Guide – Telegram sent to High Commissioner Charles Tupper in London to consult with the deputy minister of Justice regarding Riel's appeal.Métis NationCanada1885
Department of External Affairs fonds – Department of Justice (Canada) – Indian disturbances at Metlakatla, British ColumbiaLetter from George Wheelock Burbidge to Charles Tupper regarding disturbances in Metlakatla, British Columbia, and the desirability of permanently stationing a gunboat in B.C. waters.First NationsCanada1884
Department of External Affairs fonds – Department of Justice (Canada) – Indian rioters arrested (Cable)Cablegram sent to High Commissioner Charles Tupper in London stating sixteen rioters in Michipicoten, Ontario, were arrested and the remaining rioters left the district.First NationsCanada1884
Department of External Affairs fonds – Department of Justice (Canada) – Indian uprising exaggerated (Cable)Cablegram sent to High Commissioner Charles Tupper in London stating the uprising in Michipicoten, Ontario, is greatly exaggerated.First NationsCanada1884
Department of External Affairs fonds – Department of Justice (Canada) – Indian trouble in British ColumbiaCablegram sent to High Commissioner Charles Tupper in London, a letter to Charles Tupper, and a letter from Alexander Campbell to Sir John A. Macdonald. All documents are on the topic of disturbances in Metlakatla, B.C.First NationsCanada1884
Department of External Affairs fonds – Prime Minister (Canada) – Riel CaseLouis Riel Thematic Guide – A cablegram and three newspaper clippings regarding Sir John A. Macdonald being misquoted in a St. James's Gazette article on the Riel case.Métis NationCanada1885
Department of External Affairs fonds – Colonial Office (United Kingdom) – Rising in Northwest Territories – Passage of men from United StatesLouis Riel Thematic Guide – Series of letters reporting the passage of men and munitions of war from the United States into Canada in connection with the North West Resistance (or North West Rebellion).Métis NationCanada1885
Department of External Affairs fonds – Colonial Office (United Kingdom) – Rising in Northwest TerritoriesLouis Riel Thematic Guide – A telegram discussing the battle at Batoche on May 9, 1885, led by General Middleton, part of the North West Resistance (or North West Rebellion).Métis NationCanada1885
Department of External Affairs fonds – Colonial Office (United Kingdom) – Rising in Northwest Territories – Major-General Middleton's reportLouis Riel Thematic Guide – A telegram discussing the events of April 24, 1885, at Fish Creek, Saskatchewan, General Middleton's intentions, and Lt. Col. Otter's movements. Documents relate to the North West Resistance (or North West Rebellion).Métis NationCanada1885
Department of External Affairs fonds – Colonial Office (United Kingdom) – Rising in Northwest Territories – Battle at Batouche SettlementLouis Riel Thematic Guide – A telegram discussing the battle at Batoche on May 11, 1885, led by General Middleton, part of the North West Resistance (or North West Rebellion).Métis NationCanada1885
Department of External Affairs fonds – Colonial Office (United Kingdom) – Rising in Northwest Territories – Batouche SettlementLouis Riel Thematic Guide – A telegram discussing the conclusion of the battle at Batoche in May 1885 led by General Middleton, part of the North West Resistance (or North West Rebellion).Métis NationCanada1885
Department of External Affairs fonds – Colonial Office (United Kingdom) – Rising in Northwest Territories – Riel's captureLouis Riel Thematic Guide – A telegram confirming Riel's capture and that he will be sent to the Winnipeg jail.Métis NationCanada1885
Department of External Affairs fonds – Colonial Office (United Kingdom) – Reports in "The Times" on the rising in Northwest TerritoriesLouis Riel Thematic Guide – Letters and telegrams discussing the exaggerations, errors and misrepresentations of the events of the North West Resistance (or North West Rebellion) published in The Times newspaper.Métis NationCanada1885
Department of External Affairs fonds – Colonial Office (United Kingdom) – Rising in Northwest TerritoriesLouis Riel Thematic Guide – A telegram discussing the surrender of Poundmaker to General Middleton, part of the North West Resistance (or North West Rebellion).Métis NationCanada1885
Department of External Affairs fonds – Colonial Office (United Kingdom) – Louis Riel's appealLouis Riel Thematic Guide – Letter stating the Petition of Louis Riel will be heard by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council on October 13, 1885.Métis NationCanada1885
Department of External Affairs fonds – Colonial Office (United Kingdom) – Rising in Northwest TerritoriesLouis Riel Thematic Guide – Despatches discussing the battle at Batoche, May 1885, led by General Middleton, part of the North West Resistance (or North West Rebellion).Métis NationCanada1885
Department of External Affairs fonds – Colonial Office (United Kingdom) – Louis Riel's reprieve until October 26Louis Riel Thematic Guide – A telegram stating that Louis Riel had been granted reprieve until October 26, 1885.Métis NationCanada1885
Department of External Affairs fonds – Colonial Office (United Kingdom) – Riel Case – JudgementLouis Riel Thematic Guide – A letter containing the judgements by the Lords of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council on Louis Riel's petition for appeal.Métis NationCanada1885
Department of External Affairs fonds – Colonial Office (United Kingdom) – Riel Case – PetitionLouis Riel Thematic Guide – A copy of the Queen's Order in Council that discussed the judgements by the Lords of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council on Louis Riel's petition for appeal.Métis NationCanada1885
Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development fonds (RG10) – Acts and legislation – Federal government – Posthumous pardon for Louis RielCorrespondence, newspaper clippings, reports discussing the possibility of a posthumous pardon for Louis Riel.Métis NationCanada1980–1984
Jarvis Family fondsLouis Riel Thematic Guide – Letters written by Herbert Murray Jarvis while stationed at Fort Battleford, Sask. during the North-West Resistance (1885) to his father describing his experiences. Includes a watercolour he drew of Chief [Lucky Man?] (Papewes or Papaway), and Plains Cree Chief Big Bear (Mistahi-maskwa), copied from a photograph.Métis NationSaskatchewan1885
François-Xavier Valade fondsLouis Riel Thematic Guide – A report written by François-Xavier Valade and submitted to Sir John A. Macdonald on the mental condition of Louis Riel based on examination while Riel was in prison at Regina, Sask.Métis NationSaskatchewan1885
Jean Riel fondsLouis Riel Thematic Guide – Includes correspondence, schooling arrangements, gradebooks, newspaper clippings relating to Jean and Louis Riel, and photographs of Louis Riel and his family.Métis NationCanada[ca. 1858]–1904
Benoit Aquin fonds – Oka Crisis photographs Photos taken during the Mohawk Resistance at Oka in the summer of 1990, also known as the Siege of Kanehsatà:ke or the Oka Crisis.First NationsQuebec1990–1995
Everett Soop fondsCollection consists of original editorial cartoons by Everett Soop, dealing primarily with Indigenous issues. Politicians depicted include Pierre Elliott Trudeau, René Lévesque and Monique Bégin. Issues probed include federal/provincial and Indigenous affairs, the Constitution, substance abuse and education.First NationsAlberta1975–1990
Vocabulary and phrases in the Algonquin languageA dictionary of Algonquin-language words and their English equivalents written by William C. Le Heup.First NationsOntario1900
Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development fonds (RG10) – Maniwaki Agency – Correspondence regarding handicraft production[…]Correspondence and reports pertaining to the Algonquin communities of Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg and Mitchikanibikok Inik (Barriere Lake).First NationsQuebec1949–1968
Department of the Interior (RG15) – Myers Scrip Commission Consists of evidence and reports presented to a commission appointed to investigate certain charges made by Métis.Métis NationManitoba1905
River lot maps – Manitoba parishesConsists of maps, plans and charts relating to the historic Métis parishes along the Red and Assiniboine rivers in Manitoba. These parishes constituted Red River Colony (present-day Winnipeg) and the surrounding area, the historic centre of the Métis Nation Homeland.Métis NationManitoba1873–1931
River lot maps – Metro areas, Prairie provincesA selection of maps of historic Métis settlements across the prairie provinces, featuring long and narrow river lots.Métis NationManitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta1870–1920
Treaties and SurrendersA selection of unique medals were digitized, including to commemorate Treaty No. 9, Treaty No. 10, Treaty No. 11, and the visit of the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York in Calgary.First NationsOntario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, Northwest Territories, Yukon1902–1922
Lanfranco Amato fondsDocumentation of the development of the Cree syllabics typewriters created by the Olivetti company in consultation with Cree community representatives and the Department of Indian Affairs.First NationsQuebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan Alberta1972–1974
Edward Martin Kindle collection – Photograph albumPhotographic album containing images of landscapes, people and communities from the Northern West Coast, Siberia and the Bering Sea. People depicted include Tlingit First Nations and Inuit. Also includes images of fishing, dog teams, reindeer, sealing activities, survey work, and icebound ships amongst other topics.First Nations, InuitBritish Columbia, Yukon, Alaska, Siberia1889–1942
R.F. Waugh collection – Photograph albumsCollection of photographs attributed to anthropologist Frederick Wilkerson Waugh, captured while conducting ethnological research. Six photograph albums depict Anishinaabe life, primarily at Long Lake #58 First Nation, Wiikwemkoong First Nation, and Obishikokaang (Lac Seul First Nation), Haudenosaunee communities, mainly Six Nations and Kahnawake, and Nunatsiavummiut and Innu from Labrador.First Nations, InuitOntario, Quebec, Labrador, New York1903, 1910–1922
Key to the Cree syllabic system: vowels (official title of publication)Two page document outlining the Cree Syllabics system.First NationsManitoba, Saskatchewanbetween 1915 and 1924
Kikinoamati-masinaigan (official title of publication)Catholic prayers and Liturgy in Nipissing language by L.-M. LebretFirst NationsQuebec1889
Bible and Gospel history in the language of the Cree Indians of North-West America (official title of publication)John Horden's Cree translation of William Pinnock's Catechism of Bible and Gospel history. Text is in Cree syllabics.First NationsOntario1892
Nikumoowe mussinàhikun. The book of Psalms, translated into the language of the Cree Indians of North-West America (official title of publication)Book of Psalms translated into Eastern Swampy Cree dialect by Ven. Archdeacon James Hunter. Text entirely in Roman characters. Includes key to orthography in English.First NationsManitoba1876
Methodist nikumoowina. A meskooche itusinuhuk nuheyuwawinik ise (official title of publication)Book of Methodist hymns translated into the Cree language by Orrin German.First NationsOntario1885
Kiskinoamati-Masinaigan gaie aiamie kokwedjimitowini-masinaigan à l'usage des sauvages du Saint-Maurice : (postes de Wemontaching, Okikendatc, Manawan Coucoucache) et de Mekiskan (official title of publication)Collection of prayers, catechism, way of the cross and hymns translated into Cree by Rev. Père Jean-Pierre Guéguen for use by Catholic missionaries.First NationsQuebec1889
The peep of day: in the language of the Cree Indians of North-west America (official title of publication)Cree translation of Mrs. F.L.B. Mortimer's “Peep of day, or, A series of the earliest religious instruction the infant mind is capable of receiving.” Translation by Ven. Archdeacon George S. Winter. Text in Cree syllabics.First NationsOntario, Manitoba1898
The New Testament in Plain Cree (official title of publication)The New Testament translated into Cree syllabics by William Mason, revised by John A. Mackay, 1904 version.First NationsSaskatchewan1904
"The Lord is my shepherd" in Cree (official title of publication)Cree translation of the Psalm “The Lord is my Shepherd” revised by J.A. Mackay.First NationsSaskatchewan1905
The New Testament in Plain Cree (official title of publication)The New Testament translated into Cree syllabics by William Mason, revised by John A. Mackay, 1914 version.First NationsSaskatchewan1914
The Carrier language (Déné family): a grammar and dictionary combined (official title of publication)Carrier (Dakelh) language dictionary and grammar guide by A.G. Morice. Two volumes.First NationsBritish Columbia1932
Grammar and vocabulary of the Tlingit language of Southeastern Alaska (official title of publication)Guide to Tlingit grammar and vocabulary. Reprinted from United States Bureau of Education.First NationsAlaska, British Columbia1971–1974
Der athapaskische Sprachstamm (official title of publication)Guide to the Dene language by Joh. Carl. Ed. Buschmann. From the treatises of the Royal Academy of Sciences in Berlin.First NationsBritish Columbia, Northwest Territories, Yukon, Alberta, Saskatchewan1856
Dene, yat'iwa-kura-yat'itkhe, kura: Chen edinkle (official title of publication)Catholic Prayers, catechism and hymns in the K’áshogot’ıné (Hare) dialect. Text written in Roman characters.First NationsNorthwest Territories, Alberta1899
Ettunetle rsyotitinyoo kwunduk nyukwun treltseị (official title of publication)Translation by Archdeacon R. McDonald of Ostervald's Abrégé de l'histoire sainte and Oxenden's Family Prayers into the Tukkuthkutchin (Tukudh) Gwichʼin dialect of the Mackenzie River district.First NationsNorthwest Territories1899
Tukudh hymns (official title of publication)Hymns, doxologies, canticles and catechism compiled and translated by Archdeacon Robert McDonald into the Tukkuthkutchin (Tukudh) Gwichʼin dialect of the Mackenzie River district.First NationsNorthwest Territories1885
Department of Justice fonds – Tidal and Current Survey of Canada Photographs of the Hamilton Inlet Expedition, Labrador, of 1923, by H.W. Jones of the Tidal and Current Survey of the Dept. of Marine.First Nations, InuitNewfoundland and Labrador1923
Photos from Robert Bell Douglas First Nations, Inuit and Métis views and portraits by Robert Bell, as well as scenes showing Lord Strathcona's visit to Canada in 1909.Inuit, Métis NationOntario, Newfoundland and Labrador1865–1910
Alex Jerry Saley fondsPhotos taken during the construction of the DEW Line (Distant Early Warning) in northern Manitoba and present-day Nunavut, including of Inuit.InuitManitoba, Nunavut1910–1956
Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (RG10) – Scrip recordsAn assortment of scrip records created and maintained by the Department.Métis NationCanada1870–1926
Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (RG10) – Mackenzie Valley Pipeline InquiryTranscripts and recordings of community hearings as well as community exhibits presented to the Inquiry.First Nations, Inuit, Métis NationNorthwest Territories1970–1977
International Grenfell Association collectionHistorical photos from Newfoundland and Labrador, including of Innu and Inuit.First Nations, InuitNewfoundland and Labrador1900–1970
Simon James Dawson fondsSimon James Dawson's handwritten journal documenting the negotiations of Treaty No. 3 (Northwest-Angle Treaty). Representatives of the Crown met with the Anishinaabeg in September of 1873 on the shores of the Lake of the Woods.First NationsOntario1859–1874
Allen Salt fondsJournals of Allen Salt, Methodist missionary among the Anishinaabeg peoples and nations of western Ontario.First NationsOntario1854–1912
Archibald Lang Fleming fondsTwo notebooks and collected pages kept by Archibald Fleming while at Kimmirut (Lake Harbour), with a focus on traditional Inuit religious practices.InuitNunavut1909–1911
Department of the Interior (RG15) – Registers and indexes relating to Métis and Original White Settlers land recordsRegisters and indexes relating to Métis land allotments in Manitoba, claims for land and issue of scrip to Métis and Original White Settlers in Prairie Provinces and Mackenzie River District. The two digitized volumes are the Registers of Grants to Half-Breed Children Under 33 Vic., Chap. 3, commonly known as the Manitoba Act.Métis NationManitoba1877–1927
Department of the Interior (RG15) – Mackenzie River District grant applicationsApplications for scrip made by Métis residents of the Mackenzie River District in accordance with order in council April 12, 1921.Métis NationNorthwest Territories1921–1925
Department of the Interior (RG15) – Land assignmentsSpecialized documents noting the transfer of property to a second party prior to filing a homestead fiat. Assignments were often used by parties interested in land speculation, and many are of relevance to the history of dispossession of the Métis.Métis NationAlberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba1876–1930
Department of the Interior (RG15) – Métis and Original White Settler affidavitsAffidavits by Métis children in support of their claim to participate in the special 1,400,000-acre land grant identified under section 31, 33 Victoria, chapter 3 (the Manitoba Act) and by Métis heads of family under 37 Victoria, chapter 20.Métis NationAlberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba1870–1885
Department of the Interior (RG15) – Certificates for scripCertificates issued by various Scrip Commissions to Métis residents of Manitoba and the North-West Territories under the authority of a variety of Orders in Council.Métis NationAlberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba1885–1906
Department of the Interior (RG15) – General administrative records relating to Métis scrip compiled by N.O. CotéVarious unnumbered files that are believed to have been created and/or used by Narcisse O. Coté in his capacity as a senior administrator in the Department of the Interior.Métis NationAlberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba1897–1913
Department of the Interior (RG15) – Manitoba Métis family heads parish returnsSupplementary parish returns of Métis family heads from different parishes in Manitoba.Métis NationManitoba1875
Department of the Interior (RG15) – Cancelled scripSchedules relating to cancelled scrips.Métis NationAlberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba1878–1880
Department of the Interior (RG15) – Correspondence concerning Letters PatentCorrespondence about Letters Patent, which were instruments issued by the Crown, granting or confirming rights to a portion of land and issued as the first title to land.Métis NationAlberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba1878–1883
Department of the Interior (RG15) – Manitoba Métis parish returnsParish returns for those certified to participate in the distribution of the 1,400,000-acre land grant reserved for children of Métis heads of family or in the distribution of scrip as Métis heads of family.Métis NationManitoba1875–1879
Department of the Interior (RG15) – Métis scrip registers and ledgersMétis scrip registers and ledgers created and maintained by the Accounts Branch of the Department of the Interior.Métis NationAlberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba1885–1924
Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (RG10) – Land patentsCopies of land patents issued for former First Nations reserve lands by Indian Affairs Headquarters.First NationsCanada1886–1951
Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (RG10) – Information DivisionPhotographs created or maintained by the department in support of the promotion of policies and objectives related to Indigenous peoples, part of accession 1979-281. Photographs primarily from the 1950s and 1960s with many published in the “Indian News.”First Nation, Inuit, Métis NationCanada[1900–1976]
Charles Camsell fonds – Indian HospitalPapers relating to Dr. Camsell’s various activities and professional associations. Including a brief summited by the Church of England to the Special Joint Committee appointed to examine and consider the Indian Act, copies of the Camsell arrow, and a map of Canada showing the Church of England Dioceses and Indian residential schools.First Nations, InuitAlberta1947–1958
Edward Walsh fondsCorrespondence, journals, memoranda, and notes on North American topics accumulated by Edward Walsh during and after his years of service in Canada.N/ACanada1776–1807
Marg and Roy Hall fonds – Roy Hall pictures (slides)Photographs taken by Roy Hall during his time as principal of the Old Crow federal daily school in Old Crow, Yukon. Photographs depict members of the Vuntut Gwichin First Nation.First NationsYukon1961–1964
Canadian Historical Prints and Watercolours CollectionSelection of lithographic prints by Robert Petley, depicting Mi'kmaq people in Nova Scotia. For additional works by Robert Petley, see accession 1990-586 or Item # 16592.First NationsNova Scotia1833–1837
Edward P. Park CollectionPhoto album from a tour of the Algoma District by members of the Ontario Legislature in June 1899. Includes images depicting daily life of the First Nations people in the area, as well as images from a Pow-wow held in Barwick, Ontario. First NationsOntario1899
Field Notebooks of Robert BellField notebooks written by Robert Bell of the Geological Survey of Canada. Selected texts include references to the First Nations living in the areas he visited, including Cross Lake First Nation, Norway House Cree Nation, Attawapiskat First Nation, Fort Albany First Nation, Garden River First Nation (Ketegaunseebee), and Sagamok Anishnawbek First Nation.First Nations, Métis NationQuebec, Ontario, Manitoba1880–1893
Department of the Interior (RG15) – Métis Experience in Residential Indian SchoolsLinks to previously digitized records documenting Métis experiences in the Residential School system.Métis NationSaskatchewan, Alberta1891–1969
Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (RG10) – Black Series - Métis Experience in Indian Residential SchoolsDocumentation of Métis experiences in the Indian Residential School System. Relevant files are identified by the following item ID numbers: 2061320, 2061185, 2060151, 2058105, 2059683, 2054314, 2056187, 2055297, 2056501, 2056935, 2096206, 2056563, 2047911.Métis NationManitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Columbia1883–1950
Canadian National Railway Company fonds – Central Region Law DepartmentFiles related to the construction of the Canadian Northern Railway, documenting land transactions regarding First Nations and Métis territories. Includes right-of-way applications.First Nations, Métis NationBritish Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario1899–1923
Royal Canadian Mounted Police fonds – Subject filesOfficial incoming correspondence of the RCMP Commissioner's Office documenting interactions between the RCMP and First Nations and Métis.First Nations, Métis NationManitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Columbia, Ontario, Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Montana, North Dakota1882–1920
James Hunter fondsMissionary journals, notebooks and drafts of publications on Cree language, including rare instructional material on Cree grammar structure and verbs.First NationsQuebec, Manitoba, Northwest Territoriesca. 1844–1876
Moravian Brethren fondsFive journals written by the German Moravian Christian missionaries during the early years of the mission in Northern Labrador, detailing the conversion of Inuit in what is now Nunatsiavut, as well as accounts of shamanistic practices and Inuit naming traditions. InuitNewfoundland and Labrador1770–1779
Ernest Brown fondsPhotographic album compiled by photographer Ernest Brown that includes several portraits and photos of Tsuut’ina, Cree, Nakoda, and Inuvialuit, as well as photos documenting the fur trade experience.First Nations, Inuit, Métis Nation Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia, Northwest Territories, Saskatchewanca. 1870–1910
Robert Bell fonds – textual materialSelection of textual material from Robert Bell’s private fonds including ethnological notes and lecture notes, correspondence, and newspaper clippings documenting interactions with First Nations, Inuit and Métis people throughout Canada as part of his career with the Geological Survey of Canada.First Nations, Inuit, Métis Nation Canadaca. 1846–1910
Ir mishiniigin: eku omeru tshe apatstats ishkuamishkornuts, uiapokornuts, uashaornuts, ekuandjornuts, mashkuarornuts, shikotimiornuts kie piokuakamiornuts (official title of publication)Prayers and hymns translated into the Innu language by F. Durocher.First NationsQuebec1852
The four Gospels, and the Acts of the Apostles (official title of publication)The Four Gospels and the Acts of the Apostles translated into Inuktitut (Baffin dialect) by C.G. Sampson, using Syllabic characters.InuitNunavut1903
Illagêt Labradoremiut illusiksangit malligaksangillo illingavlutik inôtsemut anernerme arvertarnermullo gûdib idluarijanganut (official title of publication)A devotional work written in Inuktitut (Labrador dialect) using Latin characters. Attributed to the Moravian Church.InuitNewfoundland and Labrador[19--]
Tuksiarutsit, attorekset illagẽktunnut Labradoremetunnut (official title of publication)Hymns translated and written in Inuktitut (Labrador dialect). Printed for the Brethren's Society for the Furtherance of the Gospel.InuitNewfoundland and Labrador1809
Baptijumik heiligemik (Of holy baptism) (official title of publication)An address on the importance of baptism written in Inuktitut (Labrador dialect) and/or Kalaallisut (West Greenlandic). Attributed to the Moravian Church.InuitNewfoundland and Labrador1820
Prophetib Iesaiasib aglangit (The book of Isaiah) (official title of publication)The Book of Isaiah translated and written in Inuktitut (Labrador dialect) printed for the British and Foreign Bible Society for use by the mission-settlements of the United Brethren on the coast of Labrador.InuitNewfoundland and Labrador1837
Tamedsa Matthæusib, Markusib, Lukasib, Johannesiblo okautsinnik tussarnertunnick nalegapta piulijipta Jesusib Kristusib pinniarningit okausingillom (official title of publication)Parts of the New testament translated and written in in Inuktitut (Labrador dialect) printed for the British and Foreign Bible Society for use by the mission-settlements of the United Brethren on the coast of Labrador.InuitNewfoundland and Labrador1839
Unipkautsit 52git maggoertorlugit Bibelemit; illinniarvingnut kittorngarẽnullo illingajut (official title of publication)Bible stories from the Old and New Testaments translated and written in Inuktitut (Labrador dialect) by Translated by Caleb Barth, Moravian missionary.InuitNewfoundland and Labrador1852
Gudib perkojangit tellimaujortut: Ajochertûtsit pijarialiksuit tellimat (official title of publication)Moravian Church catechisms translated and written in Inuktitut (Labrador dialect).InuitNewfoundland and Labrador1865
Liturgîit upavlo: tuksiarutsit, imgerutillo kujalitiksat nertordlerutiksallo, atoraksat illagêktunut Labradoremêtunut (official title of publication)Moravian Church liturgy translated and written in Inuktitut (Labrador dialect).InuitNewfoundland and Labrador1867
Okâlautsit attoraksat kattimajunut Sontagine, uvloksiorvingnelo, aniavianelo: sermons and addresses printed for the S.F.G. in London, for the use of the Moravian Mission in Labrador (official title of publication)Sermons and addresses written in Inuktitut (Labrador dialect).InuitNewfoundland and Labrador1871
Geografi ubvalo nunaksûb nunangita okautigijauningit (Geographie oder Beschreibung der Länder der Erde) (official title of publication)“Description of the countries on earth” written in Inuktitut (Labrador dialect).InuitNewfoundland and Labrador1880
Liturgîit attoraksat Jêsusib âniaviane (official title of publication)Liturgical text translated and written in Inuktitut (Labrador dialect).InuitNewfoundland and Labrador1893
Department of Health fonds – Miscellaneous photographs and other graphic material […] Miscellaneous photographs documenting medical services offered by the First Nations and Inuit Health Programs (formerly Indian and Northern Health Services) in locations across Canada. Includes images from Indian Hospitals and aboard medical ships. First Nations, Inuit, Métis NationCanadaca. 1940–1980
Thomas Wood fondsGuide to the Mi'kmaq language compiled by Thomas Wood. (The guide includes pronunciation and grammatical structure.)First NationsNova Scotia1766
David Laird fondsNotebook and letterbook belonging to the Honourable David Laird, MP, from his time as Minister of the Interior and Superintendent General of Indian Affairs. First NationsOntario, Prince Edward Island1874-1876
George Comer collectionCollection of 15 photographs documenting the activities of Captain George Comer and his crew aboard two whaling schooners (Era and A.T. Gifford), and Inuit he met in and around Hudson Bay.InuitNunavut1889-1912
[Hymns in an Indigenous language]Book of hymns written in an Indigenous language, probably Kanien'kéha (Mohawk), Latin and French.First NationsCanada1600-1699
[Laws and regulations established for the Métis colony of Saint-Laurent]Report on four public meetings held at the winter camp of the Métis of Saint-Laurent from December 1873 to January 1875. Métis NationSaskatchewan1873-1875
Journal kept by William BrownJournal covering the activities at Hudson's Bay Company post Fort Kilmaurs (now Fort Babine) from March to June 1826. First NationsBritish Columbia1826, 1934
[English-Nakoda Dictionary] English equivalents of about 500 words and phrases in the Nakoda language.First NationsAlberta1883-1886
[French–Cree lexicon of terms and expressions] French–Cree lexicon of terms and expressions relating to the fur trade.First NationsQuebec1770-1775
Richard Reece fondsLetter from John Douse to the Reverend Richard Reece detailing his experiences as a Methodist missionary to the Six Nations of the Grand River. Letter includes translations of Christian terms and the Lord's Prayer into Kanien'kéha (Mohawk). First NationsOntario1834-1836
[Cosmogony of Dekanawidah's Government of the Haudenosaunee Confederacy]Copy of a draft of Seth Newhouse's "Cosmogony of De-Ka-na-wi-das' Government of the Iroquois Confederacy," a codification of the origins, laws, principles, and procedures of the Haudenosaunee Confederacy. First NationsOntario1885
Salamon Pritchard on the Frog Lake MassacreTranscript of an interview between Salamon Pritchard and RCMP Inspector B.C. Sawyer regarding the Frog Lake Massacre of 1885, and a newspaper clipping about Salamon Pritchard. Métis NationAlberta, Saskatchewan1967
George Catlin collectionCollection of correspondence, sketches, newspaper clippings, and broadsides recording the visit of nine Ojibwe (Anishinaabe) from Walpole Island to England in January 1844. First NationsEngland1844
[Address from the Municipal Council of Orillia to Michael St. Germain and the Chippewas of Rama]Address from the Municipal Council of Orillia to the Chippewas of Rama, particularly Michael St. Germain, in appreciation of their rescue of four drowning persons from Lake Couchiching. First NationsOntario1861
John Andrew Kerr fondsPersonal records of John Andrew Kerr, an associate of Gabriel Dumont, who was one of the constables who arrested Ambroise Lépine on the charge of murdering Thomas Scott. In 1876, Kerr also acted as a guide and witness for the government officials who arranged Treaty 6 at Fort Carlton. First Nations, Métis NationOntario1869-1940
John Rutherfurd fondsCopy of John Rutherfurd's "Narrative of a captivity among the Indians in 1763," written shortly after his escape from his Anishinaabe captors during the early stages of Pontiac's War. First NationsOntario1763-1764
Mohawk indenture of sale to the State of New YorkIndenture for sale of lands south of the Mohawk River to the State of New York. First NationsCanada, United States 1789
George Vardon fondsLetters, including two letters by the Reverend Peter Jones (Kahkewaquonaby) on raising funds for the establishment of industrial schools for First Nations communities, and one letter in Kanien'kéha (Mohawk).First NationsOntario, United Kingdom1838-1845
Creekrainian dictionaryCompilation of interlanguage terms used by Indigenous and Eastern European employees working on the railway in Manitoba. The terms in this dictionary are not an accurate representation of Cree or Ukrainian, but reflect these employees' efforts to communicate in written English with railway employers. First NationsManitoba1954-1962
Andrew Paull fondsCorrespondence and memoranda related to the life and work of Squamish leader and activist Andrew Paull.First NationsBritish Columbia1933-1954
[A proclamation forbidding the disorderly trading with Indigenous Peoples in New England]Facsimile of a proclamation by Charles I forbidding unlicensed arms trade with Indigenous nations. First NationsCanada, England1630
[Cayuga First Nation fonds]Treaty between the State of New York and the Cayuga First Nation documenting the sale of land surrounding Cayuga Lake. Includes both the original treaty document and a typed transcript of the original. First NationsCanada, United States (New York)1795-1809
Western Frontier collectionCollection consists of a document titled "The Speech of the French to the Shawanisse at Ohioh," dated May 2, 1732, as well as a letter from Conrad Weiser to Richard Peters dated 1747 concerning Weiser's political activities among the Six Nations (Haudenosaunee). First NationsUnited States (Ohio)1732-1747
Peter McDougall fondsDocuments related to the sale of Crown land near the St. Regis (Akwesasne) Indian reserve, Charlottenburgh Township, Glengarry County.First NationsOntario1817, 1845-1850
[Vocabulary of Innu-aimun]Notebook containing a vocabulary of words in English and Innu-aimun, many of them useful for trading. First NationsQuebec[ca. 1805]
[Address of the Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation]Address from the Mississaugas of Port Credit (present-day Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation) on the appointment of Lord Durham as Governor. Text and wampum. First NationsOntario[ca.1838]
Alexander and Thomas McKee collectionCollection of letters, speeches and reports written to and by Thomas and Alexander McKee, concerning relations with, and land sales involving, Cherokee chiefs, Shawnee chiefs and Delaware chiefs, to name a few. First NationsOntario, Quebec, United States1793-1809
D.M. Beach Old & Rare Books CollectionTwo photographic albums. The first album consists of images taken during the North American Boundary Commission (1872 to 1875). The second album consists of images taken during a topographic survey for the Canadian Pacific Railroad (1872 to 1873). Includes images of tipis, Red River carts, carioles, toboggans, First Nations and Métis camps, and a suspension bridge created by Wet'suwet'en people.First Nations, Métis NationBritish Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario1872-1875
Six Nations of the Grand River fondsCollection of assorted records relating to the Six Nations lands and claims, including land documents, correspondence, and reports. First NationsOntario1795, 1830-1849, 1923
Reply of Lord Dorchester to the Seven Nations of Lower CanadaAddress from Guy Carleton, Lord Dorchester, to a number of First Nations, concerning boundary and claim issues arising after the American War of Independence.First NationsQuebec1794
Elliott Moses fondsCorrespondence, memoranda, scrapbooks, other textual materials, and photographs collected by Elliott Moses from Six Nations of the Grand River. Much of the material is related to Six Nations (Haudenosaunee) and Delaware (Lenape) history. First NationsOntario1846-1976
George Mully fonds – Photographs taken in Canada and the United StatesPhotographs of Inuit and First Nations people from Canada and United States, covering various subjects, including education, business, religion, traditional / contemporary lifestyle, human rights issues, air transportation, and reserves. First Nations, InuitCanada, United States1978-1988
Coolie Verner CollectionCorrespondence, manuscripts, articles, research material, photographs, maps, and more. Digitized maps are "Eskimaux Chart No. 2…1822" (drawn by Iligliuk, depicting the area north of Winter Island and the Hoppner Strait) and "Eskimaux Chart No. 3…1822" (drawn by Ewerat, depicting the Melville Peninsula and a portion of Baffin Island). InuitNunavut1822
Rosemary Gilliat Eaton fonds – Arctic Travel SeriesPhotographs and a diary by Rosemary Gilliat Eaton documenting her trips to the Arctic regions of Canada in 1953, 1955 and 1960.First Nations, Inuit, Métis NationNunavut, Quebec, Northwest Territories, Alberta, Manitoba1955-1963
Albert Peter Low fondsJournals on Albert Peter Low's prospecting expeditions on the eastern coast of Hudson's Bay (1901 to 1902), a notebook on Inuktut grammar and sentence structure, royal proclamations, and three prints. Inuit Nunavut, Quebec1901-1907
Fort Selkirk fondsThree journals of occurrences from the Hudson's Bay post, Fort Selkirk (1847 to 1852), and one journal of occurrences from Frances Lake (1850 to 1851).First Nations Yukon 1847-1852
Otto Julius Klotz FondsDiaries kept by Otto Klotz throughout his life and work as a surveyor, including his work in British Columbia and Yukon and his work on the Alaska boundary issue. Contains also a few watercolours of First Nations individuals.First NationsCanada1866-1923
Alika Podolinsky-Webber fonds - Montagnais-Naskapi (Innu) Anthropological ResearchRecords of Alika Podolinsky Webber's research on the Innu, including manuscripts of her PhD thesis and a book; the papers of Richard White, a trader who gathered examples of Innu material culture; and photographs by Judy-Pauline Hunter of Innu and Inuit in Voisey's Bay and Kauk. First Nations, InuitNewfoundland and Labrador1900-1950
Commission of inquiry into the Red River DisturbancesCorrespondence, petitions, affidavits, reports and returns accumulated by William B. Coltman and John Fletcher in the course of their investigation of the affairs of Lord Selkirk's colony and the Red River disturbances. First Nations, Métis NationAlberta, Manitoba, Ontario1815-1821
Red River Settlement collectionTranscripts of records submitted at the Montreal courthouse as evidence in trials of persons accused of offenses committed in the North West; correspondence exchanged by Donald McKenzie and Wilson Price Hunt; and a copy of the report "A General statement and report relative to the disturbances in the Indian territories of British North America," by W.B. Coltman.Métis NationSaskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec1814-1830
George Back's Sketchbook 1819 to 1821Sketchbook of maps and drawings kept by officer George Back, a member of John Franklin's overland expedition up the Coppermine River to reach the Arctic Sea.First Nations, Métis NationManitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, Northwest Territories1819-1821
George Back's Sketchbook 1821 to 1822Sketchbook of maps and drawings kept by officer George Back, a member of John Franklin's overland expedition up the Coppermine River to reach the Arctic Sea.First Nations, InuitNorthwest Territories, Nunavut1821-1822
Views of the Pacific Coast from Fort Simpson to Crillon GlacierPhotographic album containing images of communities, landscapes, and glaciers of northern British Columbia and southeastern Alaska. First NationsBritish Columbia, United States (Alaska)1894
Peel's River House fondsJournals of occurrences at the Hudson's Bay Company fort at Peel's River in the Northwest Territories, also known as Fort McPherson. Contents include records of trading activities and relationships with Indigenous peoples.First Nations, InuitNorthwest Territories1847-1853
Miscellaneous Canadian maps relating to the career of Robert Bell, geologist with the Geological Survey of CanadaSeventy-five miscellaneous Canadian maps depicting various parts of Canada, including parts of the traditional territories of First Nations and the Métis Nation, two geological profiles, and two prints. Also includes a Hudson's Bay Company Account Book created by Chief Sahquakegick (Louis Espagnol) of Eshkemanetigon First Nation (Spanish River Band). First Nations, Métis NationCanada1848-1908
Ryan Swain Family fonds—PhotographsA selection of the photographs taken by Marion "Mickey" Swain during his work of creating transportation routes in the fur trade era, and by Anne Swain, who worked as a teacher in various Indian Residential Schools located in Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, and the Northwest Territories in the 1920s and the 1930s.First Nations, Inuit, Métis NationAlberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Northwest Territories1916-1933
William Van Horne Fonds – Photographs, illustrations and graphic materialA selection of photographs documenting the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway, which was built through Indigenous territories in western Canada. These images show First Nations and Métis peoples as they lived prior to the culmination of colonization.First Nations, Métis NationManitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Columbia, Newfoundland and Labrador1884-1896
Journal of dailey occurances [sic], Masquaro, Coast of LabradorFort journal that records various occurrences, including seasonal activities of the Innu (sometimes also called Montagnais).First NationsQuebec1842-1846
Sir Henry Wentworth Acland fondsWatercolours and sketches made by the physician Sir Henry Acland while on tour in North America with the Prince of Wales in 1860.First NationsNova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Quebec, Ontario1860-1872
Charles Gimpel fondsPhotographs taken by Charles Gimpel during a series of trips to the Canadian Arctic from 1958 to 1968. Also includes textual records, such as his notebooks with travel and photography logs, correspondence, writings, Inuit art exhibition material, and newspaper clippings on Inuit art.Inuit Nunavut, Quebec, Manitoba 1953-1993
North West Company fondsLetterbook and minute book from the North West Company, and agreement binding members of the North West Company to a prior agreement with the American Fur CompanyFirst NationsCanada 1798-1811
[The map shows the eastern parts of present-day Canada and U.S.A.] Copy of part of a map made by Pierre Desceliers in 1550, showing Mi'kmaq, Wolastoq, and Inuit territories mapped by Jacques Cartier. First NationsCanada1550
[A map of Nova Scotia, showing the Mi'kmaq names of various places and other items of interest]Shows First Nations reserves in Nova Scotia, the Mi'kmaq population in Nova Scotia, Mi'kmawi'simk place names, and areas of interest, such as Mi'kmaq campsites, shell-heaps, and burial grounds. First NationsNova Scotia1965
[Some Mi'kmaq Names of Places and Things in Nova Scotia]Depicts part of Mi'kma'ki, the traditional territory of the Mi'kmaq people. Includes place names and Mi'kmawi'simk vocabulary.First NationsNova Scotia1975
Algonquin Nation collectionConsists of documentation relating to the appointment of Algonquin Chiefs Kiconse and Constant Penency, as well as a hymn book written in Omàmiwininìmowin (Algonquin).First NationsQuebec1830 - [ca. 1850]
Deed of surrender of a tract of land in Albany County to the Crown of Great BritainDeed of surrender for a tract of land in the province of New York (present-day New York State) to the Crown of Great Britain. The deed was signed by three Seneca Sachems (Supreme Chiefs) identified as Dekoschten (also known as Tenehokaiwee), Twessa (or Tewassajes), and Staichreseh (or Staghreche). First NationsNew York State, United States1740-1741
Judith Eglington fondsCollection of photographs taken by Judith Eglington of Inuit artists at the West Baffin Cooperative in Cape Dorset, Northwest Territories (known today as Kinngait, Nunavut), including Kenojuak Ashevak, Pitseolak Ashoona, and Pudlo Pudlat, among many others. InuitNunavut1980-1981
John Boyd fondsSelection of photographs taken by John Boyd depicting Michi Saagiig Nishnaabe men and women harvesting wild rice (manoomin) at Rice Lake (Pimadashkodeyong), Ontario.First NationsOntario1921-1922
Pamela Harris collectionSelection of photographs taken by Pamela Harris documenting the Inuit community of Spence Bay, Northwest Territories (known today as Taloyoak, Nunavut). InuitNunavut1972-1973
St Regis Agency LetterbooksThirteen outgoing letterbooks for Glengarry and Dundee Townships created and/or maintained by the St. Regis Agency, near Cornwall, Ontario. The St. Regis Agency was an agency of the Department of Indian Affairs, and was responsible for the portion of the lands of the Mohawks of Akwesasne [previously known as the Iroquois of St. Regis] in Ontario and Quebec.First Nations Ontario, Quebec 1812-1965
Lake Simcoe Agency – Letterbook – 9 January 1884 – 21 September 1892Letterbook containing copies of outgoing correspondence from the Lake Simcoe Agency dated 1884 to 1892. The Agency administered matters affecting the Chippewas of Georgina Island First Nation. First NationsOntario1884-1892
Indian agencies and reserves in British ColumbiaSixty-three maps of Indian agencies and reserves throughout the province of British Columbia. Most of the maps were produced either for the McKenna-McBride Royal Commission on Indian lands and affairs in 1916 or by the Legal Surveys and Aeronautical Division, Department of Mines and Technical Surveys, in 1951. First NationsBritish Columbia1880-1957
Cowichan Agency – CorrespondenceMiscellaneous correspondence created and/or maintained by the Cowichan Agency, including Chemanius Band correspondence (1934 to 1946), Nanaimo Band correspondence (1921 to 1945), and miscellaneous correspondence (1921 to 1945). Six files are digitized. First NationsBritish Columbia1910-1948
Cowichan Agency – Court CasesBound volume containing court cases brought against, or pertaining to, First Nations in British Columbia.First NationsBritish Columbia1885-1889
Letters of fire spotter Edward MassonTwo letters written in Cree syllabics (with English translation) from Edward Masson (Mason) of Island Lake, Manitoba, to the Chief Fire Ranger at Norway House, Manitoba.First NationsManitoba1919
Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (RG22) - Technical Services Branch

Volumes 764 to 780 contain press release drafts related to events, exhibitions, and programs promoted by the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs from 1963 to 1971.

Additionally, volumes 1124 to 1176 include files related to housing programs and housing conditions on reserves, environmental assessments of reserves, reports on community population statistics, and government correspondence, reports and technical drawings regarding community planning of reserves, including for the relocation of some communities, from 1965 to 1975.

First Nations, Inuit, Métis NationCanada1963-1975
[Athabaska Forest Reserve, Alberta - Attempted Removal of Evan Moberly and Family and other Métis Families at Grande Cache, Alberta]Correspondence relating to the attempted relocation of several Métis families at Grande Cache, Alberta, from 1915 to 1922. The families had already been evicted once, from their former settlement in what became Jasper National Park.Métis NationAlberta1915-1922
Plan of river lots in the parishes of St. Norbert and St. Vital, Province of ManitobaPlan depicting numbered Métis river lots in the parishes of St. Norbert and St. Vital in today's Winnipeg, with names of lot owners.Métis NationManitoba1875
Map of St. Paul des Métis District Province of AlbertaMap depicting the larger district of St. Paul des Métis, in central and eastern Alberta.Métis NationAlberta1922
Plan of St. Albert Settlement, Province of AlbertaPlan depicting numbered Métis river lots in the town of St. Albert, northwest of Edmonton. Métis NationAlberta1913
Indian Claims Commission fondsMaterial from the Indian Claims Commission, active from 1969 to 1977. Contains files on claims, research files, unpublished research studies, correspondence, speeches and related material. First Nations, Inuit, Métis NationCanada1914, 1947-1978
Test rolls, Oath of Allegiance of Members of the House of Commons of the Dominion of Canada, Third ParliamentTest roll signed by Louis Riel in 1874 at the House of Commons in Ottawa, after being elected to Parliament in the riding of Provencher, Manitoba.Métis NationOntario1874-1878
Ledgers of Chiefs in CanadaTwo bound ledgers completed by Indian agents, both titled "Book Containing Names of Chiefs and Minor Chiefs in Canada."First NationsCanada1894-1895
Indian Reserve Commission - Journal of ProceedingsSecond volume of the Journal of Proceedings. The journal records the commissioners' visits to First Nations communities in British Columbia to discuss the establishment of reserves. First NationsBritish Columbia1877
Canadian Eskimo Arts CouncilRecords of the Canadian Eskimo Arts Council pertaining to all aspects of Inuit art in Canada, including production, distribution, marketing, reproduction, exhibition and history.InuitNunavut, Northwest Territories, Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador1953-1989
Census recordsCensus records created and maintained by the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. Occasionally includes agent or agency notes, accounting records, and related correspondence.First Nations Quebec, Ontario, Saskatchewan, British Columbia 1830-1964
Various land sale account recordsMiscellaneous land sale account records.First NationsCanada1830-1949, 1970
Department of the Interior (RG15) – Métis FilesVarious subject files created by the Dominion Lands Branch and dealing with Métis land claims, including correspondence, applications for scrip, powers of attorney and certificates for scrip.Métis NationManitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta1885-1887
Department of the Interior (RG15) – Land scrip to MétisCancelled land scrip notes issued to Métis residents of the North-West Territories by the Department of the Interior.Métis NationManitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta1885-1917
Department of the Interior (RG15) – Receipts for scripReceipts issued to the Minister of the Interior by Métis recipients when the delivery of scrip was made.Métis NationManitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta1885-1906
Department of the Interior (RG15) – North-West Rebellion military bounty land warrants and money scripRecords relating to the land warrants and money scrip issued to all members of the militia who were engaged in suppressing the North-West Resistance of 1885.Métis NationManitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta1885-1913
Department of the Interior (RG15) – Powers of AttorneyPowers of attorney made by Métis claimants in the process of obtaining Land Patents.Métis NationManitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta1876-1930
Letterbook of Charles A. CookeLetterbook containing, primarily, outgoing correspondence of Charles A. Cooke Thawennensere. Included are copies of letters relating to the publication of Onkweonwe, a newspaper in Kanien'kéha (Mohawk), and three letters by Indian Agent P.J. Williams, Battleford Agency, 1896.First NationsOntario, Saskatchewan 1896, 1900-1901
Original proclamation for National Aboriginal DayThe original 1996 proclamation declaring June 21, to be National Aboriginal Day.First Nations, Inuit, Métis NationCanada1996
Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (RG10) – Headquarters central registry system – First SeriesTwo files relating to First Nations soldiers who participated in the First World War, including enlistments and war activities, correspondence, and lists of soldiers who returned.First NationsCanada1918-1920
Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples – Information and Communication (photographic material)Photographic materials associated with the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples (RCAP), mostly depicting scenes of hearings held in many cities and communities across the country.First Nations, Inuit, Métis NationCanada1991-1993
Copyright Office Visual MaterialA photographic collage of Michi Saagiig Nishnaabeg (Mississauga Ojibwe) harvesting and processing wild rice (manomin) at Rice Lake (Pimadashkodeyong), Ontario.First NationsOntario 1908
Department of the Interior (RG15) – Money scrip to MétisCancelled money scrip notes issued to Métis residents by the Department of the Interior.Métis NationManitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta 1876-1927
Department of the Interior (RG15) – Manitoba Act FilesFiles pertaining mainly to land settlements awarded to Métis and Original White Settlers under section 32 of the Manitoba Act, including correspondence with the Department of Interior, applications or claims for letters patent under the Manitoba Act, and land assignments.Métis NationManitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta1873-1881
Department of the Interior (RG15) – North-West Territories Métis scrip applicationsApplications for scrip made from 1886 to 1906 by Métis living in the North-West Territories and received by one of the Northwest Half-Breeds Claims commissions. The applications give the name of the applicant, his/her residence, place and date of birth, names of parents and origins, if married, etc.Métis NationManitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta1885-1906
Final report of the Canadian Panel on Violence Against WomenThe report of the Canadian Panel on Violence Against Women, "Changing the Landscape: Ending Violence -- Achieving Equality," English edition, provides comprehensive documentation of the Canadian context and recommendations for government and private-sector action.First Nations, Inuit, Métis NationCanada1993
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