Indian Bands and Agencies

Introduction

The Bands and Agencies guide provides information about Indian bands and the local field offices that administered them.

You can find records created about a band using its name as a search keyword in Collections Search, a research tool available on the Library and Archives Canada (LAC) website.

If you cannot find records using the band name as a keyword in Collections Search, try the name of the agency or field office that administered the band instead. For example, if you enter "Crooked Lake Agency" as keywords, your search results will include a series of records entitled Crooked Lake Agency containing files about the Cowessess band.

Please note that the responsibility for bands moved from one field office to another over time as agencies were created, restructured or abolished.

The finding aids listed below link bands with the various agencies and field offices that administered them for different time periods. You can access these finding aids on-site only.

  • Finding aid 10-12: Guide to Indian Bands and Agencies in Western Canada, 1871-1959
  • Finding aid 10-157: Guide to Indian Affairs Field Office Organization in Ontario, 1845-1990
  • Finding aid 10-202: Guide to Indian Bands and Agencies in British Columbia, 1875-1990
  • Finding aid 10-249: Répertoire des agences et des bureaux locaux du Ministre des affaires indiennes au Québec, 1763-1995.
  • Finding aid 10-475: Guide to Indian Affairs field Office Organization in New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland, Confederation to late 20th century

Western Canada

Primary sources

LAC, RG 2, series A-1-a, Orders-in-Council.

LAC, RG 10, series B-8-d, Annuity paylists recapitulations.

LAC, RG 10, series B-8-d, Treaty annuity paylists.

LAC, RG 10, Finding Aid 10-157, Guide to Indian Affairs Field Office Organization in Ontario

LAC, RG 10, Finding Aid 10-181, Guide to Indian Affairs Field Office Organization in Northwestern British Columbia.

LAC, RG 10, series B-8-ag, G.M. Matheson, Notes and Indices.

LAC, RG 10, Band history cards.

Annual Reports and printed sources

Canada, Department of Citizenship and Immigration, Report of the Department of Citizenship and Immigration, Ottawa, King's Printer, 1950-1960.

Canada, Department of Indian Affairs, Annual Report of the Department of Indian Affairs, Ottawa, Queen's/King's Printer, 1880-1936.

Canada, Department of the Interior, Report of the Deputy Superintendent-General of Indian Affairs, Queen's Printer, 1873-1879.

Canada, Department of Mines and Resources, Report of the Indian Affairs Branch, Ottawa, King's Printer, 1937-1949.

Canada, Department of Northern and Indian Affairs, Linguistic and Cultural Affiliations of Canadian Indian Bands, 1980.

Kiefl, Peter, Changes in the Band-District Region Hierarchy December 31 1958 to December 31 1971. An Aid to Compiling Time-Series Statistics.

Of a special interest are the treaties and subsequent adhesions as printed in the Annual Reports.

Ontario

The principal source for Ontario records is Record Group 10 (RG 10), Records Relating to Indian Affairs. RG 10 contains numerous records relating to the administrative structure of the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (DIAND) and its predecessors. Of particular use has been a contemporary finding aid, "Notes on the Dept of Indian Affairs & its Agencies etc." (RG10, vol 11190, file 2).

Published departmental Annual Reports are another useful source of information on field office structure and band affiliation to field offices. Those Orders-in-Council and Treasury Board Minutes (RG 2 - Records of the Privy Council Office) which relate to the appointment of field office staff are also valuable sources in that they may provide background data on the reasons for the establishment or altering of field offices.

Band names have not remained constant over time. Variable spelling of names has occurred while, in some cases, names have been changed entirely. The principal authority used in this project for band names is the "Band History Cards" (a finding aid prepared originally by, and for use in, the Program Reference Centre, DIAND), and periodic up-dates received from DIAND. In cases where bands have amalgamated or changed names, this fact is noted in the relevant field office record(s).

More information - Ontario

British Columbia

Primary Sources

LAC, RG 10, Finding Aid 10-181, Guide to Indian Affairs Field Office Organization in Northwestern British Columbia.

LAC, RG 10, Finding Aid 10-12, Guide to Indian Bands and Agencies in Western Canada, 1871-1959.

LAC, RG 10, V1984-85/316, Box 1, File 146/1-2, "Administration-General"

LAC, RG 10, V1984-85/316, Box 1, File 988/1-2, pts. 1, 2, "Administration-General"

LAC, RG 10, V1984-85/316, Box 1, File 988/1-2-19, "Administration-General-Regional Indian Advisory Council"

LAC, RG 10, V1984-85/330, Box 3, File 975/1-2, "Administration-General"

LAC, RG 10, V1984-85/333, Box 500795, File 901/1-2, "Administration-General"

LAC, RG 10, V1984-85/333, Box 500795, File 985/1-4, "Organization and Administration - Regional Establishment"

LAC, RG 10, V1984-85/377, Volume 11476, File 901/1-1-1, pt. 1, "District Organization"

LAC, RG 10, V1985-86/401, Box 502354, File 986/1-4, pt. 2, "Administration - General"

LAC, RG 10, V1986-87/278, Box 2, File 987/1-3, "Agency Establishment"

LAC, RG 10, V1987-88/284, Box 213059, File 975/1-3, "Agency Establishment"

LAC, RG 10, V1987-88/331, Box 80865, File 901/1-1-1, pt. 2, "District Organization"

LAC, RG 10, V1994-95/558, Box 1, File 985/41-1, "Statistics - General"

LAC, RG 10, V1994-95/563, Box 4, File 972/1-3, pt. 2, "Agency Establishment"

LAC, RG 10, Volume 3625, File 5506, Reel C-10109

LAC, RG 10, Volume 3626, File 5680, Reel C-10109

LAC, RG 10, Volume 3701, File 17,514-1, Reel C-10123

LAC, RG 10, Volume 3868, File 87,485, Reel C-10153

Annual Reports and printed sources

Canada, Department of Citizenship and Immigration, The Administration of Indian Affairs, Ottawa, Queen's Printer, 1964

Canada, Department of Indian Affairs, Annual Report of the Department of Indian Affairs, Ottawa, Queen's/King's Printer, 1880-1950.

Canada, Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, Registered Indian Population, 1965-1973. Departmental Statistics Division, 1975.

Canada, Indian and Eskimo Affairs Program, Number and Acreage of Indian Reserves by Band. Program Statistics Division, 1976

Canada, Department of Indian and Northern Affairs, Classification of Indian Bands by Geographic Zone, 1983.

Canada, Department of Indian and Northern Affairs, Linguistic and Cultural Affiliations of Canadian Indian Bands, 1980.

Canada, Department of Indian and Northern Affairs, Schedule of Indian Bands, Reserves and Settlements, 1987, 1992

Duff, Wilson. The Indian History of British Columbia, Volume I: The Impact of the White Man. Victoria: Provincial Museum of British Columbia, 1964.

Willmott, Jill A. (ed.). The Indians of British Columbia - A Study-Discussion Text, UBC: Department of University Extension, 1963.

More information - British Columbia

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