Indigenous Knowledge and Access Symposium

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Presentations will be in English only, with questions facilitated in both official languages. PowerPoint presentations will be made available in English and French upon request.
Thursday, November 15, 2018
Registration opens at 8 am (Atlantic Time). Sessions run from 8:45 am to 4:10 pm (Atlantic Time)

Co-hosted by Dalhousie Libraries, Dalhousie's School of Information Management, and Library and Archives Canada, the event will focus on the work and challenges of documenting and improving access to Indigenous knowledge.

The day features a keynote address by Elder Albert Marshall and Dr. Cheryl Bartlett, presentations from the Mi'kmawey Debert Cultural Centre and the Beaton Institute, and much more!

Download the event agenda [PDF 557 KB]

Dalhousie University, Collaborative Health Education Building (CHEB), Room 170
Dalhousie University is located in Mi'kma'ki, the ancestral and unceded territory of the Mi'kmaq. We are all Treaty people.
5793 University Avenue
Halifax, Nova Scotia
Seating is limited. Please register before Monday, November 12.

Presentations and biographies

Reconciliation in Canada today: considerations on Etuaptmumk / Two-Eyed Seeing and Integrative Science

Elder Dr. Albert Marshall and Dr. Cheryl Bartlett were key players in the development of two initiatives highlighted in the 2017 report "Investing in Canada's Future – Strengthening the Foundations of Canadian Research" submitted by an expert panel to the Government of Canada. The one, Etuaptmumk / Two-Eyed Seeing originated as a guiding principle for bringing together Indigenous knowledges and mainstream science. The other, Toqwa'tu'kl Kjijitaqnn / Integrative Science was a unique undergraduate science degree program that brought together Indigenous and mainstream scientific knowledges. The speakers will share their thoughts on the evolution of these two over the past two decades plus.

  • Speaker: Albert D. Marshall, Elder, Honorary Doctorates, Honorary Diploma

    Mi'kmaw Elder Dr. Albert Marshall is from the Moose Clan of the Mi'kmaw Nation. He lives in the community of Eskasoni in Unama'ki – Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, though much of his youth was spent at the Shubenacadie residential school. He is married to Murdena Marshall and they have six children plus many grandchildren and great-grandchildren. Albert is a highly-respected, internationally-known Elder and together with Murdena he has long worked to share understandings about the Mi'kmaw language, culture, stories, spirituality, ways of knowing, and knowledge; both are fluent speakers of Mi'kmaw.

    Elders Albert and Murdena were key players in the creation of Cape Breton University's innovative Toqwa'tu'kl Kjijitaqnn (PDF 1 MB) / Integrative Science academic program and its MSIT courses in the 1990s and through the duration of the program's existence into the mid-2000s. Albert is a passionate advocate of our human responsibilities to care for all creatures and our Earth Mother. He is also a passionate advocate of inter/trans/cross-cultural collaboration and healing, and he is the person who many years ago brought forward the guiding principle of Etuaptmumk / Two-Eyed Seeing which encourages that we all learn to see with the "best" or the "strengths" in different knowledges and cultural paradigms. Albert has been invited to speak about Etuaptmumk / Two-Eyed Seeing on hundreds of occasions across Canada and internationally.

    He is also the "designated voice" in regards environmental matters for the Mi'kmaw Elders of Unama'ki – Cape Breton. As such, he sits on the Steering Committee of the Collaborative Environmental Planning Initiative for the Bras d'Or Lake and was a key player in securing UNESCO's designation of "Bras d'Or Lake Biosphere Reserve" for the Lake and its watershed in 2011.

    In 2009, Elders Albert and Murdena received Honorary Doctorates of Letters from Cape Breton University in recognition of their work. In recent years, Elder Albert has continued this work as Elder Murdena's health has kept her at home. In 2018, Albert's ongoing passion and dedication to sharing his understandings, encouraging the "we, together" approach of Etuaptmumk / Two-Eyed Seeing, and reminding us of our environmental responsibilities were recognized when he received an Honorary Doctorate of Humanities from Acadia University and an Honorary Diploma from the Nova Scotia Community College.

  • Speaker: Cheryl Bartlett, Member – Order of Canada, PhD

    Dr. Cheryl Bartlett is of newcomer lineage (European) and grew up in Blackfoot Traditional Territory in the short-grass prairies of southern Alberta. She completed her BSc in Zoology at the University of Alberta in 1977, her MSc and PhD in Parasitology at the University of Guelph in 1980 and 1984, respectively, and a post-doctoral fellowship at the Laboratoire des Vers in the Muséum National d'Historie Naturelle in Paris in 1985. Her research focused on the nematode parasites of wild animals and she published numerous articles in that field; she also served for several years as Assistant Editor for the international Journal of Wildlife Diseases.

    In 1989 she was hired at Cape Breton University, teaching first biology and then Toqwa'tu'kl Kjijitaqnn (PDF 1 MB) / Integrative Science – the latter an innovative undergraduate science degree program that brought together Indigenous and Western scientific knowledges and ways of knowing. Cheryl worked closely with Mi'kmaw Elders (especially Murdena and Albert Marshall), educators, community organizations (e.g. Unama'ki Institute of Natural Resources), and mainstream allies to propose and create that unique program; their efforts were guided by co-learning and the principle of Etuaptmumk / Two-Eyed Seeing (learn to see the "best" in both worldviews and learn to use these strengths together).

    The program received a national award of recognition for innovation in Aboriginal learning from the Canadian Council on Learning in 2008. Cheryl also expanded the Integrative Science educational initiative into science and health research, applications, and youth outreach, securing CIHR, SSHRC, NSERC, CRC and other funding for this work.

    For these achievements related to Integrative Science, Cheryl was appointed as a Member to the Order of Canada in December 2011; she also held a Tier 1 Canada Research Chair in Integrative Science at Cape Breton University 2002-2012. Both Integrative Science and Two-Eyed Seeing were highlighted in the 2017 report submitted to the Government of Canada entitled "Investing in Canada's Future – Strengthening the Foundations of Canadian Research" which resulted from a fundamental science review conducted by an expert panel.

    Over the years, Cheryl has been invited to speak about Integrative Science and Two-Eyed Seeing at hundreds of events across Canada, often doing so in conjunction with Elders Murdena and Albert Marshall.

Creating Circles of Collaboration: Identifying Successful Paths for Collaboration between Galleries, Libraries, Archives, Museums and Indigenous Peoples and Communities

This presentation will highlight a collaborative research project currently underway that is seeking to identify successful pathways for creating collaborations between galleries, libraries, archives, museums and Indigenous Peoples and communities. The research project is a collaboration between Library and Archives Canada and Dalhousie University.

  • Speaker: Dr. Sandra Toze

    Dr. Sandra Toze is an Assistant Professor and the Director of the School of Information Management at Dalhousie University. Her research is centred around three evolving and interconnected interdisciplinary strands:

    1. the collaborative information and data processes of groups
    2. the shift to digital governance
    3. user specific, social, and mobile information interactions

    Prior to her academic career, Sandra worked as an Information Professional in the financial and information services industries.

  • Speaker: Cynthia Boyko

    Cynthia Boyko is a Research Analyst with Library and Archives Canada in the Strategic Research and Policy Division, a position she has held since June 2017. Cynthia has over 14 years of experience in the public service and has previously held various positions at the Department of Canadian Heritage. Prior to working at Canadian Heritage, she held positions at Global Affairs and the Senate of Canada. She has a Master's degree in English Literature and a combined Honours degree in English Literature and Mass Communications. Cynthia is also a Certified Professional Co-Active Coach.

Tracing the Recorded Destiny of Missing Children at the NCTR

This talk looks at several initiatives that deal with the recorded destiny of missing Indigenous children in the NCTR records.

  • Speaker: Raymond Frogner

    Raymond Frogner has worked as a professional archivist for 18 years. He has a Master of Archival Studies degree from the University of British Columbia and a Master of History degree from the University of Victoria. He wrote the private records acquisition guidelines for the University of Alberta Archives and he has lectured on the relationship between Indigenous identity and archival records. He has published several articles on records of Indigenous provenance and archival value.

  • Speaker: Morning Star Padilla

    Morning Star Padilla (Diné/Apache) is currently in the role of Indigenous Services Librarian with Dalhousie University. She has a Master of Arts degree in Community Development from Clark University and Master of Archival Studies and Master of Library and Information Studies degrees from University of British Columbia. She brings a background in social science research, community engagement, and Indigenous cultural/intellectual property and language reclamation.

  • Speaker: Elaine MacInnis

    Elaine MacInnis is the Associate University Librarian, Library Services and Head, MacRae Library at Dalhousie Libraries. She held the position of University Librarian at the Nova Scotia Agricultural College prior to merger with Dalhousie University in 2012. Elaine has held executive positions on the Novanet Board of Directors and the Council of Atlantic University Libraries. As AUL Library Services, Elaine coordinates with staff in the Dal Libraries in the areas of advanced reference services, access services, reference and research tools, Document Delivery, library assessment, internships and practicums, and copyright. Most recently her portfolio was expanded to include Indigenous Services and she has been part of a working group focused on establishing the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation Hub and developing its service model at the Dal Libraries.

Glooscap Legends, Oral histories and our Cultural Memory Timeline

Looking at the oral history, of our Mi'kmaw ancestors, we see that these legends were not just stories of fantasy and fancy. They were recollections of actual occurrences that took place here in what has become to be known as Nova Scotia. We are using the knowledge of these Legends to confirm the findings of many scientific disciplines."

  • Speaker: Gerald Gloade

    Gerald Gloade is an artist and educator who is currently the Program Development Officer for the Mi'kmawey Debert Cultural Centre. Gerald started his career working as a graphic designer for the Nova Scotia Department of Natural Resources' Communications and Education Branch more than 25 years ago. The focus of his work with the Province moved from forestry education and graphic art to sharing his culture and history in the landscape and environment of Mi'kma'ki with audiences of all ages.

    As an artist, educator and Mi'kmaw storyteller, Gerald guides the development of visitor and educational programs for the centre. His stories and interpretations of the Kluskap legends in particular have captured many audiences.

    Gerald is a key member of the curatorial group, growing our understandings of collections, places, people, practices and events for the future Centre. Gerald was brought up and lives in the community of Millbrook with his wife Natalie and their two sons, Gerald D. and Kyle.

Current Cultural Initiatives in Supporting Indigenous Access to Knowledge

This presentation will highlight the work of the Beaton Institute in recent years to increase visibility and access to its Mi'kmaq related holdings. As a division of the Cultural Resources Department of Cape Breton University the archives has sought out and forged partnerships to support these efforts which now provide the foundation for current and future work.

  • Speaker: Catherine Arseneau, Director Cultural Resources, Cape Breton University

    Catherine Arseneau joined the staff of Cape Breton University in 2006 as Manager of the Beaton Institute archives and since 2014 has been the Director of Cultural Resources with the addition of CBU Press and CBU Art Gallery to the department.

    Prior to working at Cape Breton University she held the position of Manager, Skill Development with the NS Department of Education. Ms. Arseneau holds a Master of Arts in Atlantic Canada Studies from Saint Mary's University, a Bachelor of Arts in History and Music from St. Francis Xavier University and a BA Community Studies, with a focus in Museum Studies, from Cape Breton University.

LAC's Indigenous Languages and Cultures Initiatives

Library and Archives Canada (LAC) is committed to playing a significant role in reconciliation efforts between the Government of Canada and Indigenous Peoples. LAC is intensifying its activities in support of programs and access initiatives related to First Nations, Métis Nation and Inuit heritage to better serve Indigenous clients and to build relationships with communities. This presentation will provide an overview of initiatives underway at LAC in support of these objectives. To dig a bit deeper, by way of an example, this presentation will provide an overview of LAC's Listen, Hear our Voices initiative. It will trace the development of the initiative, outline its goals and present an update on the work done to date.

  • Speaker: Lorna Chisholm

    Lorna Chisholm is the lead archivist on the "Listen, Hear our Voices" initiative at Library and Archives Canada (LAC). She has a Master's degree in Public History from Carleton University. She worked as an historical researcher for a number of years, including a two-year Research Fellowship at the Canadian Museum of Civilization. She also conducted file review for the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. She joined LAC in 2014 where she worked as a literary archivist (English language) in the private archives branch prior to her current position.

  • Speaker: Marnie Burnham

    Marnie Burnham is the Manager of Regional Services at Library and Archives Canada (LAC). She holds a B.A. in Anthropology (1992), a Master's degree in Archival Studies (1996) and a certificate in Public Sector Management (2014). Marnie began her career at LAC in 1998 as an archivist. She has since held numerous positions within the organization including Manager of the Pacific Regional Service Centre, Strategic Advisor to the Director-General of the Public Services Branch and Senior Advisor, Strategic Research and Policy. In her current role, Marnie manages LAC's team of archivists and technicians providing services via LAC's offices in Halifax, Winnipeg and Vancouver.

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