Traill family collection [textual record (some microform), graphic material, object]

  • Record Information – Brief
    Hierarchical level:
    Type of material:
    Textual material, Photographs, Art, Objects (including medals and pins)
    Found in:
    Archives / Collections and Fonds
    Item ID number:
    Link to this page:
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    Context of this record:
    • Traill family collection
      Traill family collection
  • Collection includes:
    99 lower level description(s)
    View lower level description(s)
    Place of creation:
    No place, unknown, or undetermined
    2.455 m of textual records.
    1 microfilm reel.
    ca. 592 photographs.
    202 prints.
    17 drawings.
    3 momentos.
    1 picture.
    Language of material:
    Scope and content:
    Collection consists of the records of Catharine Parr Traill, her husband Thomas Traill, their children and extended family, and their descendants. Included is textual documentation on Catharine Parr Traill's sisters in England and her sister Susanna Moodie. The material has been arranged in the following series: correspondence (some located on microfilm reel A-809); manuscripts and printed works; miscellaneous essays and printed material; miscellany and memorabilia; wills, deeds and related documents; clippings; family history; material copied from the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge collection; and art material. Photographic material consists of a depiction of Walter John Strickland Traill; views of Catharine Parr Traill's home Westove in Lakefield, Ontario, and her cottage Minnewawa at Stoney Lake, Ontario; R.C. Strickland's residence, Lakefield, Ontario; cartes-de-visite portraits of Catharine Parr Traill, her daughter and grand-daughters; portraits of the Traill family relatives including Walter Strickland, Samuel Strickland, Harry Strickland, Emma Strickland Barlee, C.J. Bloomfield, Mrs. Bloomfield, Dora, Frances Bloomfield, and Harry Fitzgerald; and plates by Agnes FitzGibbon for the publication 'Canadian wild flowers'.
    Additional name(s):
    Biography/Administrative history:
    Traill (family): Catharine Parr Traill was born in 1802 in East Anglia, the daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Strickland. Her first home was at Stowe House, near Bungay; then in 1808 she moved with her family to Reydon House, near Southwold. In 1832, she married a widower, Thomas Traill (b. 1793), whose first wife, Anne Fotheringhame, had died in 1828 leaving him two sons, Walter (1815-1845) and John Heddle (1819-1847). Thomas Traill had served in the Napoleonic wars and was retired on half-pay. Shortly after their marriage, he and Catharine Parr Traill emigrated to Upper Canada and settled near Peterborough in Douro township, where Catharine became fast friends with Frances Stewart and her daughter Ellen (later Dunlop, who in 1889 published her mother's correspondence in 'Our forest home : being extracts from the correspondence of the late Frances Stewart'). Thomas and Catharine Parr Traill had nine children, two of whom died in infancy. Their surviving children were: James George (1833-1867); Katherine Agnes Strickland, called Kate (1836-1922); Thomas Henry Strickland, called Harry (1837-1870); Anne Traill Fotheringhame, called Annie (1838-1931); Mary Elizabeth Jane (1841-1892); William Edward (1844-1917); and Walter John Strickland (1848-1932). Annie married James Parr Clinton Atwood and Mary married Thomas Muchall. Thomas Traill died in 1859 and Catharine Parr Traill died in 1899. Catharine Parr Traill had begun a literary career before she left England, publishing children's books such as 'Little Downy, or, The history of a field mouse' (1822), 'The young emigrants, or, Pictures of life in Canada' (1826) and 'Sketch book of a young naturalist' (1831). Soon after settling in Canada, she published her letters home as 'The backwoods of Canada' (1836), a classic of Canadian pioneer life. This work was followed by the equally successful 'The female emigrants guide' (1854), which offered practical advice to emigrants coming to Canada. Other books by Traill reflected her interest in nature studies, 'Canadian wild flowers' (1868), illustrated by her niece Agnes FitzGibbon (later Chamberlin), 'Studies of plant life in Canada' (1885) and 'Pearls and pebbles' (1894). She also published children's stories, including 'Canadian Crusoes' (1852) and 'Cot and cradle stories' (1895). Catharine Parr Traill came from a literary family and her sisters included Elizabeth and Agnes Strickland, co-authors of 'The lives of the queens of England' (12 vols., 1840-1848) as well as other works, and Jane Strickland, author of 'Rome' (1854) and of a biography of Agnes Strickland. Her sister Susanna Moodie also emigrated to Canada, with her husband, John Wedderburn Dunbar Moodie, a fellow officer of Thomas Traill. In Canada, Susanna Moodie too continued a literary career begun in England and produced a classic of pioneer literature, 'Roughing it in the bush' (1852). Their brother Samuel Strickland emigrated to Canada as well and after a period as an officer of the Canada Company settled in the Peterborough area. He also published an account of his experiences, 'Twenty-seven years in Canada West' (1853).
    Finding aid:
    Textual records: (Paper) The finding aid is a file list. MSS0921

    Textual records: (Electronic) Finding aid. MSS0921

    (Electronic) All or some of the documents described have been digitized and are available at the following address: (90 90: Open)

    (Electronic) Les documents décrits ont été complètement ou en partie numérisés et sont disponibles à l'adresse suivante : (90 90: Open)

    Additional information:
    General Note:
    Plant pressings preserved by Catharine Parr Traill, and other family members, were transferred to the National Museum of Man (now the Canadian Museum of Civilization) in 1974. See also the Patrick Hamilton Ewing Collection in the National Library of Canada for material relating to Catharine Parr Traill and Susanna Moodie.
    The Traill family collection was received at the National Archives over a period of many years, 1964-1997. Most of the material came from various descendants, among them Phyllis Atwood, Mae Atwood, T.R. McCloy, Catherine Barbara Morrow and Donald D'E Strickland. Copies of material were acquired through the good offices of J. Heddle, J. John Twist, the University of London, and K. Douglas Munro.
    Availability of other formats note:
    Photographic: copy negatives available, C-052248, C-052249.
    Subject heading:
    Other system control no.:
    Related control no.:
    1951-394 NPC
    1973-153 NPC
    1973-194 NPC
    1974-020 PIC
    1974-034 PIC
    1975-317 NPC
    1990-0149 MSS
    1992-0072 MSS
    1997/0136 (1997-09-25)
    Former archival reference no.:
  • Conditions of access:
    Terms of use:
    Textual records: The recipient of copies is responsible for determining whether material is subject to copyright and for ascertaining the name of the person or organization holding copyright. The recipient is also responsible for determining whether any use of copyrighted material does or does not constitute an infringement of copyright under the Copyright Act.
    The originals in volumes 1 to 17 have been withdrawn from circulation. Researchers must use the microfilm copies.
    Photographs (acc. nos. 1973-153, 1951-394, 1973-194): No restrictions on use or reproduction. Copyright expired. Credit: name of photographer / National Archives of Canada / copy negative number.
    Photographs (acc. no. 1975-317): National Archives of Canada does not provide copies; they must be obtained from the lender. For items still in copyright, copyright must be established by the holder of the originals. Credit: name of photographer / Natinal Archives of Canada / copy negative number.
    Drawings, prints, silhouette and watercolours: No restrictions on use or reproduction. Copyright: Estate of the Traill family or expired.

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