Collections and Fonds – 105523

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  • Record Information – Brief
    Title:
    British colonies in North America reports collection [textual record].
    Hierarchical level:
    Fonds / Collection
    Reference:
    MG21-King'sMSS.205, R14361-0-5-E.
    Type of material:
    Textual material
    Found in:
    Archives / Collections and Fonds
    Item ID number:
    105523
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    http://central.bac-lac.gc.ca/.redirect?app=fonandcol&id=105523&lang=eng
  • Date(s):
    1721, 1728, 1762.
    Place of creation:
    No place, unknown, or undetermined
    Extent:
    0.48 cm of textual records : transcripts.
    Language of material:
    English
    Scope and content:
    Collection consists of the following copied material: a representation of the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations to the King, 8 September 1721, upon the state of His Majesty's Colonies and Plantations on the Continent of North America, with special reference to trade and shipping, Indian alliances and the French threat on the Mississippi (pp. 1-112). An address to the King, 1728, by Sir William Keith (1680-1749), former Deputy Governor of Pennsylvania, enclosing "A Short Discourse" on the colonies in America (pp. 119-142). Printed in W. Byrd's History of the Dividing Line etc., ed. T.H. Wynne (Richmond, Va., 1866), ii, p. 214.

    Also includes: reports of governors, 1762, during the military occupation of Canada after the Conquest (pp. 143-242): 1. Papers, mainly in French, referred to by General James Murray (1721-1794) in his report, 5 June 1762, on the state of Quebec (pp. 143-200). The report itself has not been copied, but is available in MG 11, Q 56-1 (C.O. 42, Volume 87, calendared in the Report on Canadian Archives of 1890, p. 312) and in Documents Relating to the Constitutional History of Canada, 1759-1791, ed. Adam Shortt and Arthur G. Doughty (Ottawa, 1907), pp. 37-61. 2. Report, 1762, of Colonel Ralph Burton [d. 1768], on Trois-Rivières, with the enclosed tables of returns on the British forces quartered at Trois-Rivières, the Canadian inhabitants, the lands granted by the seigneurs, and the christenings, marriages and burials between 1760 and 1762 (pp. 203-221). 3. Report, 20 March 1762, of General Thomas Gagey( (1721-1787), to Governor-General Sir Jeffery Amherst (1717-1797), with documents reporting on the British forces, inhabitants, trading posts, and revenue of Montreal (pp. 222-242).
    Finding aid:
    Textual records (Electronic) MSS0599-4 The finding aid provides a descriptive list of the material copied as well as references to other copies of the documents in MG 11. It also provides information on many of the documents from King's MSS. 205 that are printed in Documents Relating to the Constitutional History of Canada, 1759-1791, by Adam Shortt and Arthur G. Doughty (Ottawa, 1907). MSS0599 (90:Open)
    http://data2.archives.ca/pdf/pdf001/p000002412.pdf
    Additional information:
    General Note:
    The discovery of the New World in the fifteenth century opened a new era of colonization for all the maritime nations of Europe, of which Britain was one. As her commercial rivals were all striving to stake claims to the new territories and trade routes, Britain too had to enter the race and establish colonies, or plantations as they were called, in the New World. The Spanish and Portuguese, who were first in the field, concentrated on South America. As a result, later comers such as Britain and France had to make their settlements in the colder and less hospitable territories of North America. Much of the impetus for colonization came originally from individuals but the need for larger resources soon involved the government, which gradually devised organs of state to deal with the matter.

    From 1695 to 1782, British colonial affairs were under the control of the Board of Trade and Plantations. In the eighteenth century, reports from the colonies were regularly sent to the home government in Britain. Those that were of sufficient importance or interest appear to have been copied and sent to the sovereign.
    Custodial history:
    The King's Manuscripts are a manuscript collection formed mainly by the purchases of George III and by gifts made to him. The collection was presented to the British nation in 1823 by George IV. It was deposited in the British Museum (now the British Library), where it is kept as a separate collection, numbered as King's MSS. 1-446, although it is catalogued and indexed together with the collections of George III's predecessors on the throne, known as the Royal or Old Royal collection.
    King's Manuscripts 205 contains official transcripts of a number of reports on the state of the British Colonies in North America and the West Indies, 1721-1766. At some time between 1881 and 1955, probably about the turn of the century, five of these reports (ff. 3-60, 102-159) were transcribed by the National Archives of Canada. They are bound in a volume entitled "Reports on American Colonies, 1721-1762," that originally constituted Volume 375 of the old "M" Series.
    Location of originals note:
    Originals with the British Library, London, England.
    Subject heading:
    Source:
    Private
    Other system control no.:
    MAINS24156
  • Conditions of access:
    Finding aid box
    FA 599
    Volume
    MG21 King's Mss. 205

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