Records relating to Schools of Military Instruction [textual record]

  • Record Information – Brief
    Hierarchical level:
    Series
    Date:
    1864-1932
    Type of material:
    Textual material
    Found in:
    Archives / Collections and Fonds
    Item ID number:
    195104
    Link to this page:
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    http://central.bac-lac.gc.ca/.redirect?app=fonandcol&id=195104&lang=eng
    Context of this record:
  • Series includes:
    7 lower level description(s)
    View lower level description(s)
    Date(s):
    1864-1932
    Place of creation:
    Canada
    Extent:
    21.24 m of textual records
    Language of material:
    English
    Scope and content:
    Series consists of records relating to Schools of Military Instruction. A Militia General Order of 25 February 1864 announced that Schools of Military Instruction would be established at Toronto and Quebec "for the purpose of enabling officers of the Militia or candidates for commissions in the Militia, to perfect themselves in a knowledge of their military duties, drill and discipline". Thereafter, it would be necessary for all candidates for commissions in the Service Militia to obtain a certificate from one of the Schools of Military Instruction before the commission could be issued. A First Class Certificate was issued to candidates "who shall have proved themselves...able to drill and handle a Battalion in the field and who shall have acquired a competent acquaintance with the internal economy of a Battalion." All field officers and adjutants were required to have a First Class Certificate. To receive Second Class Certificates, candidates were required to prove themselves "able to command a company at Battalion drill and to drill a company at 'company's drill' ". Company officers required Second Class Certificates. No candidate would be permitted to stay at a school "for a longer period than three calendar months from the date of his entry." Schools of Gunnery at Quebec and Kingston were authorized by General Order (No. 24 of October 20, 1871) "for the training of all ranks by the Militia artillery." Ten officers, twenty non-commissioned officers and men were selected to join each School of Gunnery "for a 'Short Course' of instruction, to last three months; on the termination of which the Commandant of the School may select from these officers and non-commissioned officers or men, one or more of the most efficient and retain them for a 'Long Course', being an additional period of twelve months" (Regulations and Orders for Militia, 1879, page 210). Four classes of certificates might be issued for the Short Course: the First and Second Class were for officers, the Third and Fourth Class for non-commissioned officers, gunners and drivers. The "long" and "short" system was extended to infantry, cavalry and mounted infantry schools (authorized in 1883) but the types of certificates issued were altered. Certificates were issued for "Long", "Short" and "Special" courses and there were two grades for each type of certificate: "A" for officers, "B" for other ranks. Each type of certificate had 1st and 2nd "classes" (Regulations and Orders, 1883, page 145). The "Special" course was restricted to officers and certificates were granted to officers "passing the required examination for Short Course Certificates after not less than seven days' residence at one of the Permanent Schools of Military Instruction" (Regulations and Orders, 1883, page 147). The series includes correspondence, candidate records, registers, graduate records, officers' certificates, certificates of military instruction and records relating to the Royal Military College.
    Finding aid:
    (Electronic) All or some of the documents described have been digitized and are available at the following address: (90 90: Open)
    http://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_mikan_195104

    (Electronic) Les documents décrits ont été complètement ou en partie numérisés et sont disponibles à l'adresse suivante : (90 90: Open)
    http://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_mikan_195104?usrlang=fr

    Additional information:
    Source of title:
    Title is based on the contents of the series.
    Accruals:
    No further accruals are expected.
    Source:
    Government
    Former archival reference no.:
    RG9-II-K
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