Gustave Lanctôt

Gustave Lanctôt (on the right) 

Gustave Lanctôt (1883–1975) was born in Saint-Constant, Québec and studied law at the Université de Montréal. He did postgraduate studies at Oxford University in England as a Rhodes Scholar, and later at the Sorbonne in Paris, where he earned a Doctor of Letters.

In 1912, Lanctôt joined the Public Archives of Canada. He enrolled in the Canadian Expeditionary Force on December 13, 1916, entering the 163rd Battalion with the rank of Captain. Lanctôt was then assigned to the Canadian Special Mission in charge of collecting and conserving Canadian war archives. He returned to the Public Archives of Canada in 1917, where he held the positions of Associate Archivist, Deputy Director of War Trophies, Head of French Archives, and Dominion Archivist from 1937 to 1948.

Lanctôt wrote many books and articles on Canadian history, including L'administration de la Nouvelle-France (1929), Le Canada d'hier et d'aujourd'hui (1934), L'œuvre de la France en Amérique du Nord (1951), Le Canada et la Révolution américaine (1965) and Montréal sous Maisonneuve, 1642-1665 (1966).

Service Record Details

Attestation paper 1

Date of Birth: July 5, 1883

Date of Attestation: December 13, 1916

Age at Enlistment: 33 years

Prior Military Service: 64th Regiment Beauharnois




Home Address: Public Archives of Canada, Sussex Street, Ottawa, Ontario

Trade: Lawyer


Next of Kin: Séverin Letourneau (brother-in-law)

Theatre of War: Europe

Casualties/Medical History


Interesting Details from the Service Record


The London Gazette

No mentions found.

Military Medals, Honours and Awards (1812–1969)

No mentions found.

Census Records

No records located.

Date modified: