Arthur Currie

Arthur Currie
 

Arthur Currie (1875–1933) was born in Napperton, Ontario, and attended the University of Toronto before teaching school in British Columbia. He joined the Canadian Garrison Artillery, a militia unit, in 1897, and he entered the business world, eventually becoming the provincial manager of the National Life Assurance Company. Currie was promoted to Brigadier-General shortly after the First World War broke out. He initially commanded Canadian troops in battle on the Ypres Salient, when the Germans used poison gas for the first time. Currie's response prevented a major enemy breakthrough, and he was subsequently promoted to Major-General and given command of the entire First Canadian Division. After planning the successful Canadian attack on Vimy Ridge in 1917, Currie became the commander of the entire Canadian Corps. By the end of the war, he had been knighted and promoted to General, the first Canadian ever to hold this rank. Currie served as Principal and Vice-Chancellor of McGill University from 1920 until his death.

Service Record Details

Attestation paper 1

Date of Birth: December 5, 1875

Date of Attestation: September 26, 1914

Age at Enlistment: 38 years

Prior Military Service: Militia – Canadian Garrison Artillery

Height: 6 feet, 2 1/2 inches

Weight: 230 pounds

Description: Fair complexion, grey eyes and grey/black hair

Home Address: 1114 Alston Street, Victoria, British Columbia

Trade: Businessperson

Married: Yes

Next of Kin: Lucie Sophia Currie (wife)

Theatre of War: Europe

Casualties/Medical History

Currie had problems with his eyesight and hearing, though these were not considered severe enough to prevent him from serving overseas.

Interesting Details from the Service Record

Currie's service record includes many documents describing public receptions and parades that were held in his honour after the war, his work at McGill University, and funeral and memorial services.

The London Gazette

The London Gazette, Issue 29086, Page 2096
The London Gazette, Supplement 29202, Page 6112
The London Gazette, Issue 29290, Page 8987
The London Gazette, Issue 29364, Page 11205
The London Gazette, Issue 29364, Page 11209
The London Gazette, Supplement 29890, Page 194
The London Gazette, Supplement 30107, Page 5424
The London Gazette, Supplement 30111, Page 5458
The London Gazette, Supplement 30450, Page 1
The London Gazette, Supplement 30638, Page 4716
The London Gazette, Supplement 30706, Page 6195
The London Gazette, Supplement 31111, Page 339
The London Gazette, Supplement 31111, Page 344
The London Gazette, Supplement 31448, Page 8813
The London Gazette, Supplement 31514, Page 10607
The London Gazette, Supplement 31615, Page 13007

Military Medals, Honours and Awards (1812–1969)

CB - Companion of the Order of the Bath
KCB - Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
GCMG - Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Michael and Saint George
KCMG - Knight Commander of the Order of Saint Michael and Saint George
Légion d'honneur and Croix de guerre - Commander
French Croix de guerre
Croix de guerre avec palme
Belgian Ordre de la couronne (grand officier)
Belgian Croix de guerre
DSM - Distinguished Service Medal
MID - Mention in Despatches, 1915-06-22
MID - Mention in Despatches, 1916-06-15
MID - Mention in Despatches, 1917-01-04
MID - Mention in Despatches, 1917-06-01
MID - Mention in Despatches, 1917-12-28
MID - Mention in Despatches, 1918-08-25
MID - Mention in Despatches, 1918-12-20
MID - Mention in Despatches, 1919-07-11

Census Records

No records located.

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