Military Heritage

Library and Archives Canada holds an extensive collection of records of the Canadian men and women who have served their country in the military and in the early years of the North West Mounted Police. There are records relating to Loyalists, the War of 1812, the Rebellions, the South African War, the First World War and the Second World War, many of which are featured in databases, research guides and virtual exhibitions. The records include muster rolls, military service files, unit war diaries, medal registers, photographic collections, documentary art and posters, as well as published sources.

The digitization of the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) service files is underway and a substantial number of digitized files have been added to our website as part of the Government of Canada First World War commemoration activities. We will add new files every two weeks, as the CEF digitization initiative is a priority for us.

For statistics and information about this digitization project, please consult our monthly updates on the Discover blog.

  1. Databases
  2. Digitized Microforms
  3. Electronic Collection
  4. Open Data
  5. Research Aids
  6. Thematic Guides
  7. Virtual Exhibitions


  1. Black Loyalist Refugees, 1782-1807- Port Roseway Associates
  2. Courts-martial of the First World War
  3. Faces of the Second World War
  4. Loyalists
  5. Loyalists in the Maritimes — Ward Chipman Muster Master's Office, 1777–1785
  6. Military Medals, Honours and Awards, 1812–1969
  7. North West Mounted Police (NWMP) - Personnel Records, 1873-1904
  8. Photographs: War Records-Manufacturing (WRM) Series - National Film Board of Canada
  9. Second World War Service Files: Canadian Armed Forces War Dead
  10. Service Files of the Royal Canadian Navy, 1910-1941 - Ledger Sheets
  11. Soldiers of the First World War - Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF)
  12. South African War, 1899-1902 - Service Files, Medals and Land Applications
  13. War Diaries of the First World War

Digitized Microforms

  1. British Military and Naval Records (RG 8, C Series) - Documents (Archived)
  2. British Military and Naval Records (RG 8, C Series) - Index only (Archived)
  3. Circumstances of Death Registers, First World War
  4. Commonwealth War Graves Registers, First World War
  5. Veterans Death Cards: First World War (Archived)
  6. War of 1812: Board of Claims for Losses, 1813-1848, RG 19 E5A (Archived)
  7. War of 1812: Lower Canada Nominal Rolls and Paylists, RG 9 1A7 (Archived)
  8. War of 1812: Miscellaneous Records (Archived)
  9. War of 1812: Upper Canada Returns, Nominal Rolls and Paylists, RG 9 1B7 (Archived)

Electronic Collection

  1. Canadian War Artists (Archived)
  2. Victory Bonding: Wartime Messages from Canada's Government, 1939-1945 (Archived)

Open Data

  1. Open Data from LAC
  2. Open Data Set - Soldiers of the First World War

Research Aids

  1. Battle of Passchendaele: Resources at Library and Archives Canada
  2. Land - Genealogy and Family History
  3. Lest We Forget: Cenotaph Research
  4. Maps, Charts and Architectural Plans Collection: A Search Guide
  5. The War of 1812 at Library and Archives

Thematic Guides

  1. Abortion
  2. Avro Arrow (CF-105)
  3. Guide to Sources Relating to Canadian Naval Vessels
  4. Guide to Sources Relating to the Canadian Militia
  5. Guide to Sources Relating to Units of the Canadian Expeditionary Force
  6. Halifax Explosion
  7. Internment Camps in Canada During the First and Second World Wars
  8. Louis Riel, the Red River Rebellion and the North West Campaign
  9. Rideau Canal
  10. South African War - Thematic Guides

Virtual Exhibitions

  1. Call to Duty: Canada's Nursing Sisters
  2. Canada and the First World War (Archived)
  3. Canadian State: Documents and Dialogue (Archived)
  4. Canadian War Industry During the Second World War (Archived)
  5. Faces of War (Archived)
  6. Framing Canada: A Photographic Memory (Archived)
  7. Mary Riter Hamilton: Traces of War
  8. Oral Histories of the First World War: Veterans 1914-1918 (Archived)
  9. Posters and Broadsides (Archived)
  10. Through a Lens: Dieppe in Photography and Film (Archived)