8. Genealogy and Family History Glossary

 
Ancestor
Any person from whom another person is directly descended, for example, parents, grandparents, great-grandparents and so on.
Ancestry
The group of people from whom a person is descended.
Birth
The moment a person is born.
Border entry
The location on land where new immigrants first enter a country.
Characteristics
Features that distinguish people or places from others.
Country of origin
The country in which a person is born.
Cultural mosaic
A country like Canada wherein many different cultures thrive and preserve their distinguishing characteristics.
Cultural diversity
A country or region inhabited by people from many different ethnic backgrounds.
Culture
The arts, beliefs, habits, institutions and other human endeavours considered together as being characteristic of a particular community, people or nation.
Death
The moment a person dies.
Debarkation
Departure from a vessel or aircraft.
Descendants
A person's children, grandchildren, great-grandchildren, great-great-grandchildren and so on.
Embarkation
Boarding a vessel or aircraft or setting out on a journey.
Emigrant
A person who leaves a country to live in another.
Emigration
Leaving one country to live in another.
Family events
Events that are meaningful or significant to a specific family.
Family history
The reconstruction of the daily lives of a person's ancestors based on information gathered and the writing of their biographies.
Family tree
A chart that shows how people in a family are related to each other.
Genealogist
A person who specializes in studying the history of a family.
Genealogy
The study of a person's ancestors and the collection of information (names, dates) about that family.
Generation
People born about the same time and related to a person at the same level (parents, grandparents, great-grandparents). A period of approximately 30 years separates each generation.
Given name
The name parents give their child at birth.
Heraldic symbols
Official symbols granted to a family (coats of arms, blazons, etc.)
Hereditary
Physical or psychological traits passed on to children by their parents.
Immigrant
A person who enters into a new country to settle there.
Immigration
A person's entry into a new country to settle there.
Maiden name
A woman's family name before marriage. Some women keep their maiden names after marriage, while others take their husband's surname.
Marriage
The legal union of two people who have chosen to spend their lives together.
Maternal ancestor
An ancestor on the mother's side of the family.
Migration
Movement from one place to another.
Multicultural
A number of distinct cultural groups living within a country or region.
Paternal ancestor
An ancestor on the father's side of the family.
Point of entry
The first place (border entry or port) immigrants arrive when entering a country.
Port
A city or town having a harbour where ships or boats take on or unload cargo or passengers.
Pull factors
Reasons people choose a new country or location in which to live.
Push factors
Reasons people leave their country or home to move to another.
Quarantine
The isolation and restriction placed on the movement of people or animals to prevent the spreading of a dangerous or contagious disease.
Relative
A person connected to a family by birth or marriage
Sibling
A person's brother or sister.
Spouse
A husband or wife.
Surname
A person's family name or last name.
Systematically
How something is done following step-by-step procedures.
Timeline
A table outlining the schedule of events for successive years within a particular historical period.
Wedding
The celebration of the union of two people in marriage.
Date modified: