Manitoba Commission

Overview

Métis land claims in the Province of Manitoba were dealt with by the Department of the Interior under sections 31 and 32 of the Manitoba Act (33 Victoria, chapter 3). Since each section involved slightly different administrative procedures for the Department - a difference which is reflected to some extent in the archival record, especially the registers and indexes - they will be discussed separately.

Claims Under Section 31

Section 31 primarily focused on Métis claims arising out of the extinguishment of their Indian title:

"And whereas, it is expedient, towards the extinguishment of the Indian Title to the lands in the Province, to appropriate a portion of such ungranted lands, to the extent of one million four hundred thousand acres thereof, for the benefit of the families of the half-breed residents, it is hereby enacted, that ... the Lieutenant-Governor shall select such lots or tracts in such parts of the Province as he may deem expedient, to the extent aforesaid, and divide the same among the children of the half-breed heads of families residing in the Province at the time of the said transfer to Canada" (33 Vic., c. 3, s. 31, 1870).

The 1.4 million-acre reserve was thought to be a reasonable appropriation. It was based on a crude census of the province in which the Métis population of Manitoba, at the time of the transfer, was thought not to exceed 10,000. The census was undertaken by Lieutenant Governor Archibald, and was recorded in his dispatch to the Secretary of State on 26 May, 1870 (see O.C. 15 April 1872). Using the census as a base, it was estimated that each participant in the Métis grants would be awarded an allotment of approximately 140 acres. The land grant, as originally proposed, was an odd size and the reason why the Department was willing to settle for 140 acre grants, remains obscure. At the time, the Department was still debating the size of the cadastral surveys. Some factions in the federal government wanted to follow the American example and cadaster Manitoba and the North-West Territories into a six-mile square township subdivided into 36 sections of one-square mile each, with each homestead grant amounting to a quarter section of 160 acres. Others felt that larger homesteads than what the Americans were offering would be more appealing to immigrants, particularly those from the United States, and argued for quarter-section homestead grants of 200 acres, with each township amounting to 64 sections of 800 acres each. Needless to say, proponents of the former system won the argument. Nevertheless, the proposed Métis grants of 140 acres each were considerably smaller than the quarter-section homesteads proposed under either system of cadastral survey. If the government had followed through on these grants, Métis children would have been awarded homesteads amounting to fractional grants (for further information on the western cadastral surveys, see: Don W. Thompson, "Men and Meridians: The History of Surveying and Mapping in Canada", Volume 2, Ottawa, 1972, pp. 26-59).

Order-in-Council P.C. 874, 25 April, 1871, established a set of regulations for the administration of public lands in Manitoba, and specifically the method by which the 1,400,000-acre allotment would be distributed. The regulations declared that "every half-breed resident in the Province of Manitoba at the time of the transfer thereof to Canada ... shall be entitled to participate in the 1,400,000 acres ... [and that] the most liberal construction shall be put on the word resident" (P.C. 874, 25 April, 1871, pp. 1-2). This definition conflicted with the provisions set forth in section 31 of the Manitoba Act. The Order-in-Council had unilaterally expanded the list of participants from "the children of half-breed heads of families" to include "every half-breed resident".

Two years later, the Department of the Interior recognized its error, and attempted to enact a series of regulations which would bring the allotment distributions back in-line with the provisions originally set out in the Manitoba Act. On the 3rd of April, 1873 it introduced an Order-in-Council amending P.C. 874 by re-confirming that only children of Métis heads of families were entitled to participate in the special land allotments. Because the number of participants in the special grant had been inexplicably reduced from the number originally proposed in the 1870 census of the province by the Lieutenant-Governor, the reserve allotments to each child were accordingly increased to 190 acres.

However, Métis heads of families still presented the Department with problems. Although section 32 of the Manitoba Act guaranteed that Métis heads would be entitled to acquire legal rights to any land in which they were in peaceable possession at the time of the transfer of Rupert's Land to Canada, the allotment, in effect, did not extinguish their Indian title (see the discussion under Section 32). Section 32 only provided Métis heads with the legal means of "quieting of title" - that is, the means by which to transfer what was already recognized as personal property under one form of civil administration to one which would be administered by the laws of the Dominion of Canada. Consequently, 37 Victoria, chapter 20, authorized the federal government to award Métis heads of family a land grant of 160 acres (the equivalent of a quarter section) or an issue of scrip amounting to $160. This grant was to serve the purpose of extinguishing any Indian title that Métis heads may have acquire by virtue of their native ancestry.

However, "... in view of the great dissatisfaction which has been caused in Manitoba by the locking up of large and valuable tracts of land for distribution among the Half-Breeds, thus seriously retarding the settlement of the country ...", the Minister of the Interior felt that he could not, "... recommend the setting apart of further tracts of land for such purposes..." (P.C. 128 1/2, 23 March, 1876). Therefore, Order-in-Council, P.C. 128 1/2, 23 March, 1876, recommended that only scrip in the amount of $160, receivable in payment for the purpose of Dominion Lands, should be issued to Métis heads of families. The Order-in-Council also established the rules under which the scrip would be issued. Since the Dominion Lands Act had arbitrarily set the value of public lands at $1.00 per acre, the scrip awarded to Métis heads, in effect, was the equivalent to a quarter-section homestead grant. This change in policy gave Métis claimants the option of selecting a quarter-section homestead any where lands were open for entry rather than from tracts reserved specifically for Métis purposes. As far as non-Métis residents were concerned, the new policy had the added benefit of making the Métis population less concentrated to specific areas and breaking up their communities.

In an effort to ensure a proper distribution of the 1,400,000 acres set aside for Métis children, Order-in-Council of the 13th of January, 1872 called for yet another census of the Métis population of Manitoba. The census was to be carried out by Gilbert McMicken, an officer of the Secretary of State for the Provinces (the predecessor of the Department of the Interior) at Winnipeg, on a plan to be approved by the Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba. A few months later, on 15 April, 1872, the federal government passed another Order-in-Council, which recognized that the surveys in Manitoba were now sufficiently advanced for the Lieutenant Governor to begin selecting lands which would be set aside to make up the 1,400,000-acre reserve. The Order-in-Council recommended that the lands should be selected on a township-by-township basis, reserving sections 11 and 29 for school purposes, and sections 8 and 26 for the Hudson's Bay Company. As well, the Canadian Pacific Railway was to have unimpeded passage across such lands.

Despite the government's initial intent, the land selection process was besieged by a series of delays. The Department blamed these delays on conflicting claims to lands within the reserve area, alleging that these conflicts were "of such a character as to prevent a division of the lands until such claims had been disposed of" (Canada. Department of the Interior, "Annual Report of the Department of the Interior for the Year 1874", Ottawa, 1875, p. 8). However, it was not until the spring of 1875 that the federal government had even decided upon the process it would use when identifying those individuals who would be eligible for a claim under section 31 of the Manitoba Act (P.C. 406, 26 April, 1875). Arguing that the investigation of several thousand claims "... in addition to the regular business of the office, would be quite out of the power of the agent in charge [of the Dominion Lands Office in Winnipeg]..." (P.C. 406, 26 April, 1875), John M. Machar, barrister in the City of Kingston, Ontario, and Matthew Ryan, barrister in the City of Montreal, Quebec, were appointed as Commissioners to administer the allotment of lands in the 1,4000,000-acre reserve to Métis children and the distribution of scrip to Métis heads of families authorized by 37 Victoria, chapter 20, 1874 (P.C. 449, 5 May, 1875).

Machar and Ryan completed their task the following year. Their report outlining the methods used, and their recommendations for the issue of Letters Patents for lands allotted to Métis children, and the distribution of scrip to Métis heads of families was formerly adopted and approved as Order-in-Council, P.C. 128 1/2, 23 March, 1876. Machar and Ryan named 5,088 persons who were entitled to participate in the distribution of the 1,400,000-acre reserve.

Further enquiries by the Department brought in an additional 226 claims under section 31 and suggested that another 500 claims might be expected in future from people who were out of the province for one reason or another. Since the Department could find no satisfactory explanation for the difference in the number of children obtained from the 1870 census, and the actual number of claimants, it again decided to increase the quantity of land allotted to each child. This time the increase was from 190 acres to 240 acres, or one and a half quarter sections (P.C. 142, 7 September, 1876).

The Commissioners' returns, noting those Métis children who had proved their rights to participate in the distribution of the 1,400,000-acre grant, are retained in RG 15, series D II 80, volumes 1574 to 1593. The returns are organized on a parish by parish basis and each is signed by one of the Commissioners. The claimants of each parish are generally subdivided into several different listings: Métis children who had reached 18 years of age; those who were under 18 years; the heirs of each age group who were deceased. At the same time, Commissioners Machar and Ryan also enumerated claimants who were entitled to scrip as a Métis head of family under 37 Victoria, chapter 20. These names are generally noted in separate sections of the parish returns. A second copy of the parish returns, retained in RG 15, series D II 8n, volumes 1556 to 1573, notes the legal description of the lands awards to each Métis claimant under section 31 of the Manitoba Act. The second copies are signed by a representative of the Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba and were apparently used in the lottery system devised by the Department to allot lands in the Métis reserve on a random basis. The process by which the land grants were allotted and the methods used to record the results were fully outlined in Order-in-Council, P.C. 874, 25 April, 1871. Claimants who were awarded land grants as children of a Métis head of family are also listed by grant number in RG 15, volumes 1476 and 1477, and by name in RG 15 volumes 1478, 1515, and 1526. Claimants who were awarded scrip as a Métis head of family under 37 Victoria, chapter 20, are listed in RG 15, volume 1525 (see the section entitle "Registers /Indexes" for a more complete description of these records).

Section 32

In the interest of "quieting of titles" and assuring settlers in the Province who were in peaceful possession of their land at the time of the transfer of Rupert's Land and the North-West Territories to Canada on the 15th July, 1870, section 32 of the Manitoba Act allowed:

"All titles by occupancy with the sanction and under the license and authority of the Hudson's Bay Company up to the eighth day of March aforesaid, of land in that part of the Province in which the Indian Title has been extinguished, shall, if required by the owner, be converted into an estate in freehold by grant from the Crown.

All persons in peaceable possession of tracts of land at the time of the transfer to Canada, in those parts of the Province in which the Indian Title has not been extinguished, shall have the right of pre-emption of the same, on such terms and conditions as may be determined by the Governor in Council."

Generally, persons who were entitled to free grants of land were classified as: those who had purchased the land from the Hudson's Bay Company prior to 15th July, 1870; those who had their land surveyed prior to the transfer of Rupert's Land by an official surveyor of the Council of Assiniboia; and those who were in actual occupation of their land on the 15th July, 1870.

The above claims usually consisted of a river lot measuring about twelve chains wide and two miles deep (or 192 acres), and a second, "outer" lot also measuring about two miles deep. "Where there were no outer two mile lots appurtenant to the river lots, or the land was within the Hudson's Bay Company's survey (no outer two miles were included in the Company's survey), as compensation for the loss of such outer two miles, scrip was issued, redeemable in the purchase of Dominion Lands, where the land was situate within the limits of the Hudson's Bay Company's survey, at the rate of one dollar and fifty cents, and elsewhere, at the rate of one dollar, for each acre covered by the river lot" (N. O. Coté, "Claims to Land Under the Manitoba Act 1870-1886", in "Grants of Land Under the Manitoba Act, North-West Territories Land Grants Comprising Saskatchewan and Alberta, Military Bounty Land Grants, and Grants of Land for Sites of Churches, Schools and Burial Grounds", [1931], pp. 2-3, unpublished ms. in RG 15, vol. 227).

The procedures taken by the Department of the Interior when issuing land patents under section 32 of the Manitoba Act were outlined in an internal memorandum from J.S. Dennis, the Surveyor General, to the Hon. David Laird, Minister of the Interior, on the 4th of March, 1876. The memo was prepared as background information for the Minister of Justice, and was approved by the Minister of Interior (the memo can be found in RG 15, vol. 164, file MA 7390).

Apparently, all parties claiming title to land under section 32 of the Manitoba Act were allowed to make an application for Letters Patent by sending a sworn statement to the Surveyor-General, J.S. Dennis, at the Dominion Lands Office in Winnipeg. The claim was to describe: the full name, residence, and occupation of the applicant; the parish in which the land lies; the names of the occupants of adjoining lots; the dimensions of the lot, the length of occupation, and any improvements made; and how the lot is claimed, i.e. under what sub-section of the Manitoba Act. This information was to be accompanied by certified copies of any deeds, assignments, or other papers under which the title was claimed.

Once the statement was received in Winnipeg, the Department would review the application along with the report of the surveyor who surveyed the Parish, the Hudson's Bay Company Land Register, and the return of registers as certified by the County Registrar. A copy of the Hudson's Bay Company land register from Fort Garry, known as the "B" book, can be found in RG 15, series D II 11c, Aperture Card Book 185. It covers the settlement belt of both the Red and Assiniboine Rivers for the period 1835 to 1858. As well, RG 15, volume 1551 (described further in the section "Indexes/Registers") is a general register, compiled by the department, of the land owners along the Red and Assiniboine Rivers prior to the transfer of Rupert's Land to the Dominion of Canada. If all these documents were in agreement as to the occupant of the lot, and providing there was no opposition to the claim, and no reason to doubt the word of applicant, the papers would then be forwarded to Ottawa, along with the recommendation of the Dominion Lands Agent, and a patent issued in due course. In cases where the title was questionable, section 9 of the Manitoba Act required such claims to be displayed in a public place. Only disputed claims were to be reviewed further by Commissioners appointed for such purposes.

Accompanying each recommendation for letters patent were: a facsimile transcript of the Hudson's Bay Company Land Register as it relates to the lot or lots claimed ("even to the entries being in ink, black or red, or in pencil, as the case may be"); and a transcript of the surveyor's report. The Hudson's Bay Company land register only applied to parishes in the Red River Settlement in which surveys were made by the Company, i.e. St. Boniface, east and west, St. Vital, St. Norbert, St. Agathe up to Salt Springs, St. Johns, and Winnipeg, Kildonan, St. Paul, St. Andrew, St. James, St. Charles, Headingly, and St. Francois Xavier, east and west. Even then many of the lots in these Parishes had no entries whatever against them in the Company's registers. Only a survey by a Dominion Land Surveyor, and only the Dominion Land Surveyor who had been employed by the Department to survey the land specifically for the purpose of granting Letters Patent would be accepted. The report was to describe each lot occupied, noting the names of the people occupying the lot (whether as owner or tenant), and any adverse claims to the lot. These surveys were begun in 1871 and were completed in 1874.

"...the rights of parties to any certain lands claimed as being occupied at time of the Transfer, were so well known and understood among the people of the parish at the time of the survey being made, that the Surveyor's return of claimants and occupants in itself is very reliable evidence in the case of a claim made for patent to a given lot, and where the evidence accompanying a specific application for such lot is borne out by such return and no counter claim has been filed ... the case is assumed to be one in which a prima facie right to a patent is made out, and the papers are in due course submitted for the final decision as to title, of the Department of Justice" (J.S. Dennis, Surveyor General, to the Hon. D. Laird, Minister of the Interior, 4 March 1876, RG 15, vol. 164, file MA 7390).

Under 47 Victoria, chapter 26, 1884, any claims under section 32 that had not been received by the Department by the 1st of May, 1886, would be barred from further action. By the end of the fiscal year, the department reported that "the period within which claims to land under the Manitoba Act - that is to say, claims by virtue of actual peaceable, and undisturbed possession at the time of the transfer, the 15th July, 1870 - might be filed in the Department of the Interior, expired on the 1st May, 1886, and this branch of the business may now be said to be closed" (Canada. Department of the Interior, "Annual Report of the Department of the Interior for Year 1886", Ottawa, 1887, pg. xiv).

Manitoba Supplementary Claims

After the lands set apart for Métis children had been exhausted, the Department of the Interior continued to receive applications from persons whose claims under section 31 of 33 Victoria, chapter 3 (the Manitoba Act) and 37 Victoria, chapter 20, had not been previously recognized. Accordingly, Order-in-Council, P.C. 810, 20 April, 1885 authorized the issuing of scrip, redeemable in the purchase of Dominion Lands. But all such claims had to be filed with the Department by the 1st of May, 1886 - the same date chosen under 47 Victoria, chapter 26, for discontinuing claims under section 32 of the Manitoba Act.

"... under the authority notices in the shape of posters and letters were sent to the bishops and clergy of all denominations, members of the Legislative Assembly, registrars, stipendiary magistrates, sheriffs, members of the North-West Council, newspapers, post offices and telegraph offices in Manitoba and the North-West Territories, to the effect that all persons claiming to be entitled to rank as children of Half-Breeds, residing within the Province of Manitoba at the date of the transfer, would have to file their claims, accompanied by the necessary proofs, with the Commissioner of Dominion Lands, on or before the 1st day of May, 1886, and that no applications in respect of such claims, that had not been filed with the said Commissioner on or before the date mentioned, and accompanied by the evidence necessary to prove the same, would be received or considered" (Canada. Department of the Interior, "Annual Report of the Department of the Interior for the Year 1885", Ottawa, 1886, p. xx-xxi).

Métis residents who had preferred claims under the Manitoba Supplementary Commission, authorized by P.C. 810, 20 April, 1885, are indexed alphabetically in volumes 1506 and 1527. Several specialty indexes also exist: heirs of deceased Métis claimants are indexed in volume 1483; children of Métis heads of family in volume 1505; and Métis heads of family in volume 1507.

Dates

June 1875 to March 1876

Authorities

Orders-in-Council: P.C. 874, 25 April, 1871; P.C. 14, 15 April, 1872; P.C. 36, 3 April, 1873; P.C. 406, 26 April, 1875; P.C. 449, 5 May, 1875; P.C. 128 1/2, 23 March, 1876; P.C. 85, 20 April, 1876; P.C. 142, 7 September, 1876; and P.C. 320, 25 February, 1881.

Statutes: 33 Vic., c., 3, 1871; 36 Vic., c. 38, 1873; 37 Vic., c. 20, 1874

Manitoba Supplementary Commission

Orders-in-Council: P.C. 810, 20 April, 1885; P.C. 1075, 21 May, 1887; P.C. 2905, 28 December, 1889; and P.C. 2408, 31 October, 1890.

Members

John M. Machar and Matthew Ryan (P.C. 449, 5 May, 1875); Amédée E. Forget and H.S. Goodhue, secretaries (P.C. 604, 14 June, 1875). Matthew Ryan was later appointed to take evidence of Métis claimants who had removed to the North-West Territories previous to the sittings of the Manitoba Commissions (O.C. 14 June, 1876).

Reports

The final report was partially summarized in Order-in-Council, P.C. 128 1/2, 23 March, 1876; also see RG 15, Series D II 3, vol. 195, file HB  4484 "Copy of return showing number of cases reported by Commissioner M. Ryan, [January 1876]." This report summarizes the total number of cases investigated by the Commission in each Parish; there is no attached correspondence.

Awards

A total of 10,213 claims were investigated by the Commission (including supplementary claims under P.C. 810, 20 April, 1885); 1,448,160 acres in land scrip and $748,060 in money scrip were awarded.

Affidavits

Dept. of the Interior, RG 15, Series D II 8a i, Affidavits, 1870-1885, 1.25 m, vols. 1319 to 1324; microfilm reels C-14925 to C-14934.

Affidavits by Métis children in support of their claim to participate in the special 1,400,000-acre land grant identified under section 31, 33 Victoria, chapter 3 (the Manitoba Act) and by Métis heads of family under 37 Victoria, chapter 20. The series also includes affidavits to the $240 in scrip awarded to Métis children in 1885 under the Manitoba Supplementary Commission, P.C. 810, 20 April, 1885. As well, the affidavits of Original White Settlers under the Manitoba Act (33 Vic., c. 3), including the Manitoba Supplementary Claims, are also inter-filed in this series.
 
There are three different types of affidavits: Form A, which was used by Métis children over the age of 18; Form B, which was used by Métis children under the age of 18; and Form C, which was used by Métis heads of family. In each case, the affidavits give the name of the claimant, date of birth, parents' names, parish affiliation, affidavit number, and claim number. The records are filed alphabetically. If researchers can not find a particular application in this series, they should then investigate the "HB" central registry series - RG 15, series D II 3 (see description elsewhere) - which was created by the Department as a special repository for records pertaining to the Métis scrip commissions of 1885 and 1886. It is always possible that the application was withdrawn by Departmental administrators and placed in a separate case file under the "HB" registry. If it is not here, they should probably investigate the central registry of the Dominion Lands Branch, RG 15, series D II 1 (see description elsewhere).
 
This finding aid is available on microfilm reel T-4687 and in Archives Search.
 
An index to the affidavits filed by Métis children can be found in RG 15, series D II 8m, volume 1526, and by Métis heads of families in RG 15, series D II 8m, volume 1525. Affidavits pertaining to claims under the Manitoba Supplementary Claim Commission, P.C. 810, 20 April, 1885, are indexed in RG 15, series D II 8M volume 1527 (Métis claims only) and volume 1506 (both Métis and Original White Settlers claims). The affidavits associated with the claims of Original White Settlers under the Manitoba Act, 33 Vic., c. 3, prior to the Manitoba Supplementary Claims, are indexed in RG 15, series D II 8m, volume 1510. All these volumes are described in greater detail in the section on registers and indexes.

 

Dept. of the Interior, RG 15, Series D II 8a ii, Affidavits, 1875-1877, 0.1 m, vol. 3171.
Affidavits made by Métis families living in Manitoba to support their claim to the 1,400,000 acres set aside for Métis children and heads of families under the Manitoba Act (33 Vic., c. 3). The documents are identical to those listed in sub-series 8a i. For some unknown reason, these affidavits were withdrawn by departmentaln officials from the main sub-series and were only recently found at Library and Archives Canada in a small cache of un-accessioned records.
 
Although the affidavits were sworn before Commissioner Ryan from 1875 to 1877, the land grants in mostncases were not awarded until the late 1890s. The affidavits are filednalphabetically. Finding aid FA 15-8 is an alphabetical index, giving the name of the claimant, the names of his/her parents and children, the claimant's date of birth and place of residence, the affidavit number, and the grant number. The finding aid is also available in Archives Search.

Money Scrip

Dept. of the Interior, RG 15, Series D II 8f, Money Scrip to Métis, 1876-1927, 3.0 m, vols. 1387 to 1403.

Cancelled scrip notes which were issued to Métis by the Department of the Interior in exchange for the extinguishment of certain land claims. These notes were issued "to the bearer," and could be applied to the purchase of, or as a down payment on, any Dominion lands which were open for entry.
 
The scrip was awarded to Métis heads of families who were residents of Manitoba on 15 July, 1870. The scrip was in the amount of $160 and was awarded either as eight $20 scrip notes (numbers 0002 to 8000) or as a single $160 scrip note (numbers 10001 to 12250). As well, a third sequence of numbers (9001 to 9999) was issued in miscellaneous amounts to the heirs of deceased heads of families. For a listing of applicants: who received $20 money scrip notes, consult finding aid FA15-24, parts 1 to 3; who received $160 scrip notes, consult finding aid FA 15-24, parts 5 and 6; and who received scrip as an heir, consult finding aid 15-24, part 4.

Powers of Attorney

Dept. of the Interior, RG 15, Series D II 8k, Powers of Attorney, 1876-1930, 0.6 m, vols. 1421 to 1423.

Métis claimants who applied for Letters Patent on lands awarded under section 31 of the Manitoba Act (33 Vic., chapter 3) were required to assign Power of Attorney to a member of the legal profession or a financial institution. The attorneys were then to assist the claimant in obtaining their Letters Patent from the Crown. Although some signed Powers of Attorney may be filed with the claimant's affidavit in RG 15, series D II 2 (described elsewhere), departmentaln administrators kept most of the forms separate from other records pertaining to an individual's application. The signed Powers of Attorney are now retained by Library and Archives Canada in this series. The records are arranged alphabetically, and finding aid FA 15-27 serves as an index to the series.

Subject Files

Dept. of the Interior, RG 15, Series D II 2, Manitoba Act Files, 1873-1881, 6.75 m, vols. 140 to 169; microfilm reels C-14902 to C-14924.

Subject files created by the Dominion Lands Branch, Ottawa, in its administration of the Manitoba Act. Some of the files contained in this series were also created by the Survey Office of Dominion Lands, Manitoba, and by Dominion Lands Office, Winnipeg, but were later integrated by the Dominion Lands Office, Ottawa, into this series. The files deal mainly with applications by Métis and Original White Settlers for letters patents under section 32 of the Manitoba Act. The files contain correspondence between the claimants and the Department of Interior, applications or claims for letters patent under Manitoba Act, and land assignments. Usually the land description (parish name and lot number) and name of the claimant are given on the file cover. Also included in the series are some policy and procedure files, and some reports by various agents of the Department. The files are arranged numerically from M.A. 2 to M.A. 10614. Finding aid FA15-16 is a listing of the files found in the series, giving the file title, the names of the correspondents, the file's date range, volume number, and microfilm reel number. A copy of the electronic finding aid is available elsewhere in Archives Search. They may be accessed through the main menu under the record group number. For a complete listing of all the files created by the department in the M.A. series, including those which were later destroyed, see the correspondence registers. The register exists in aperture card format only, Aperture Card Books 187 to 191 (see the section on registers and indexes for a complete description).
 
Since the M.A. series was closed by the department in 1881, issues relating to the Manitoba Actthat remained unresolved after this date - in particular, applications for land grants from Métis minors who would not reach the age of majority until after 1881 and the Manitoba Supplementary Claims - were brought forward into two other central registry series. These series are now held by Library and Archives Canada as: RG 15, series D II 1, Correspondence Dominion Lands Branch; and RG 15, series D II 3, "H.B." Files. Researchers interested in Métis applications under the Manitoba Act should, therefore, consult these other series, if they have not found what they are looking for in the M.A. series.
 

Dept. of the Interior, RG 15, Series D II 3, Half-Breed Files, 1885-1887, 12.75 m, vols. 170 to 226; microfilm reels T-11354 to T-11358, T-12021 to T-12036, and T-12153 to T-12154.

A numerically arranged series of subject files created by the Dominion Lands Branch which deal with Métis claims arising out of the Manitoba Supplementary Commission and the 1885 North-West Commission. A number of these files still retain file jackets with a red imprint which reads "Commissioner's Office, Winnipeg", and feature a five-digit file number (for example, file HB 5347 has "57719" stamped in the space for the file number). The series probably originated in Winnipeg and at one time had its own classification system. When the files were transferred to the Dominion Lands Office in Ottawa, new file jackets, printed in blue and labelled "Dominion Lands Branch", were attached to some of the files, and all were given new file numbers with an "HB" prefix. In some cases, the older red jackets were not replaced, and the "HB" number was simply printed to the side of the original five-digit number.
A number of the HB files were withdrawn from this series, transferred to the Dominion Lands Branch central registry, and re-numbered. In particular, it would appear that most files (but not all) pertaining to departmental policy, procedures, and correspondence with the Scrip Commissioners were culled from the "HB" series, leaving mostly individual Métis case files which contain correspondence between the claimants and the Department of Interior, applications for scrip, powers of attorney and scrip certificates. The files are arranged numerically from HB 7 to HB 9579. Finding aid 15-16 is a listing of the files found in the series, giving the file title, the names of the correspondents, the file's date range, volume number, and microfilm reel number. It can be accessed through Archives Search.
 

Dept. of the Interior, RG 15, Series D II 1, Dominion Lands Branch, Correspondence, Headquarters, 1871-1946, 213.6 m, vols. 227 to 1176; Microfilm reels T-12176 to T-15542.

Subject files created by the Dominion Lands Branch. The series touches on all aspects of land management and natural resource administration by the Department of the Interior, including Métis land claims. The records included in this series contain general correspondence and departmental memoranda relating to rulings, policy, and procedures, which governed the operations of the Manitoba Commission. It also contains case files relating to the awards given to individual Métis by the Manitoba Commission, in particular those which were only completed after the MA (RG 15 D II 2) and the HB series (RG 15 D II 3) discussed elsewhere were closed. The files are numbered sequentially from 1 to 5,644,152 and are listed, in numerical, order in finding aid FA15-5. Under each file number, the finding aid gives the volume number, file title, date range, and subject headings. A copy of the electronic finding aid is available elsewhere in Archives Search.

Dept. of the Interior, RG 15, Series D II 8 n, Grants to Half-Breeds, Registers for different Parishes in Manitoba, 1875-1880, .21 m, vols. 1556 to 1573; microfilm reels C-11885 to C-11886.

A series of parish registers used by the Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba in the lottery system devised by the Department to award land grants in a random fashion to Métis children as required by section 31 of the Manitoba Act (33 Vic., c. 3). The registers are organized by claim number. Each entry records the allotment number, claimant's name, parents' names, claimant's occupation, date of eighteenth birthday (for minors), grant number, date of the allotment, and the legal description to which the allotment was applied. Each parish return is signed by a representative of the Lieutenant-Governor.

 

  • Parishe of Headingly, 1877; RG 15, vol. 1556, reel C-11885
  • Parishe of High Bluff and Poplar Point, 1877; RG 15, vol. 1557, reel C-11885
  • Parishe of Kildonan, 1878; RG 15, vol. 1558, reel C-11885
  • Parishe of Portage la Prairie and White Mud, 1876; RG 15, vol. 1559, reel C-11885
  • Parishe of Ste-Agathe, 1878; RG 15, vol. 1560, reel C-11885
  • Parishe of St. Andrew, 1875; RG 15, vol. 1561, reel C-11885
  • Parishe of Ste-Anne, 1875-76; RG 15, vol. 1562, reel C-11885
  • Parishe of St-Charles, 1878; RG 15, vol. 1563, reel C-11885
  • Parishe of St. Clement, 1877; RG 15, vol. 1564, reel C-11885
  • Parishes of St-François-Xavier and Baie St-Paul, 1880; RG 15, vol. 1565, reel C-11885
  • Parishe of St. James, 1878; RG 15, vol. 1566, reel C-11886
  • Parishe of St. John, 1877; RG 15, vol. 1567, reel C-11886
  • Parishe of St-Laurent, 1877; RG 15, vol. 1568, reel C-11886
  • Parishe of St-Norbert, 1875; RG 15, vol. 1569, reel C-11886
  • Parishe of St-Paul, 1877; RG 15, vol. 1570, reel C-11886
  • Parishe of St. Peter, 1877; RG 15, vol. 1571, reel C-11886
  • Parishes of St-Vital and St-Boniface, 1878; RG 15, vol. 1572, reel C-11886
  • Miscellaneous Parishes, 1878; RG 15, vol. 1573, reel C-11886

Dept. of the Interior, RG 15, Series D II 8 o, Commissioner's Returns for Half-Breeds, Parishes in Manitoba, 1875-1879, 0.3 m, vols. 1574-1593; microfilm reel C-11886.

Parish returns of persons who have respectively proven their rights before Commissioners Machar and Ryan to participate in the distribution of the 1,400,000-acre land grant reserved for children of Métis heads of family (including the heirs of deceased claimants) under 33 Vic., c. 3, s. 31, or in the distribution of scrip as Métis heads of family (including the heirs of deceased claimants) under 37 Vic., c. 20. Depending on the number of claims reported from each parish, the returns are generally organized under four headings: Métis children over the age of 18; Métis children under the age of 18; Métis heads of family; and heirs to each of the above classes of claimants. Within each section, the claimants are listed in alphabetical order, with each entry providing a description of the claimant's occupation. In the case of minors, the father's name and the date of the claimant's 18th birthday are usually also recorded; and in the case of heirs, the proportion of the inheritance is noted. In separate columns along the left side are recorded the entry number (that is, the consecutive numbering of the entry within the parish) and the claim number. In the case of Métis heads of families, this last number will cross-index to the entries recorded in the claims register for Métis heads - RG 15, series D II 8m, volumes 1479 to 1482 (described elsewhere) - and to the parish registers - RG 15, series D II 8n, volumes 1556 to 1573 (described elsewhere).

  • Parishe of Headingly, 1876; RG 15, vol. 1574, reel C-11886
  • Parishe of Kildonan, 1876; RG 15, vol. 1575, reel C-11886
  • Parishe of High Bluff and Poplar Point, 1876; RG 15, vol. 1576, reel C-11886
  • Parishes of Portage la Prairie and White Mud, 1876; RG 15, vol. 1577, reel C-11886
  • Parishe of Ste-Agathe, 1875; RG 15, vol. 1578, reel C-11886
  • Parishe of St. Andrew, 1876; RG 15, vol. 1579, reel C-11886
  • Parishe of Ste-Anne, 1875-76; RG 15, vol. 1580, reel C-11886
  • Parishe of St-Boniface, 1875-76; RG 15, vol. 1581, reel C-11886
  • Parishe of St-Charles, 1875-76; RG 15, vol. 1582, reel C-11886
  • Parishe of St. Clement, 1875-76; RG 15, vol. 1583, reel C-11886
  • Parishes of St-François-Xavier and Baie St-Paul, 1875-76; RG 15, vol. 1584, reel C-11886
  • Parishe of St. James, 1875-76; RG 15, vol. 1585, reel C-11886
  • Parishes of St-Laurent and Oak Point, 1875-76; RG 15, vol. 1586, reel C-11886
  • Parishe of St-Norbert, 1875-76; RG 15, vol. 1587, reel C-11886
  • Parishe of St-Paul, 1875-76; RG 15, vol. 1588, reel C-11886
  • Parishe of St. Peter, 1875-76; RG 15, vol. 1589, reel C-11886
  • Parishe of St-Vital, 1875-76; RG 15, vol. 1590, reel C-11886
  • Miscellaneous Parishes, 1878-79; RG 15, vol. 1591, reel C-11886
  • Commissioner's Return, Absentees, and Parishes in Manitoba RG 15, vol. 1592, reel C-11886
  • Commissioner's Return, Disallowed Claims RG 15, vol. 1593, reel C-11886

Dept. of the Interior, RG 15, Series D II 8 m, North-West Half-Breeds and Original White Settlers, Registers and Indexes, 1877-1927, 4.5 m, vols. 1475 to 1555; microfilm reels C-11872 to C-11885.

Register of Grants to Half-breed Children under 33 Vic., Chap. 3

A register of lands allotted to children of Métis families, under section 31 of the Manitoba Act (33 Vic., c. 3), including those who made a claim under the Manitoba Supplementary Commission (P.C. 810, 20 April, 1885). The registers are organized by grant number. Each entry records the date of the land grant, the liber and folio numbers of the letters patent, the name of grantee, the grantee's residence, the legal description of the land awarded, number of acres, the patent reference number, and remarks. The letters patent identified in these registers are retained by Library and Archives Canada in two separate Record Groups. Under 46 Vic., c. 17, responsibility for issuing land patents was transferred from the Registrar General's Branch, Department of Secretary of State, to the Department of the Interior. Therefore, if the Letters Patent date prior to 18 July, 1883, the documents are held in the records of the Registrar General, Record Group (RG) 68. Patents issued after this date, on the other hand, are held in the records of the Department of the Interior, Record Group (RG) 15, in series D III 10. Both sets of patents are listed in Archives Search. An alphabetical index to these registers, organized by the grantee's name, can be found in Aperture Card Books Number 61 and 94, which are described elsewhere.

Allotment Book 1, 1877-1879; grant nos. 0001 to 3062; RG 15, vol. 1476, Aperture Card Book 59, reel C-11872

Allotment Book 2, 1879-1900; grant nos. 3063 to 6267; RG 15, vol. 1477, Aperture Card Book 60, reel C-11872

Alphabetical List - Patents Issued to Half-Breeds *

* This is the title recorded on the front cover of the register. The individual pages of the register are entitled: "Agents Returns Recommended for Patent (Half Breed Lands)".

An alphabetical list of the grantees registered in allotment books 1 and 2 (volumes 1476 and 1477). It includes all applications under section 31 of the Manitoba Act(33 Vic., c. 3), including those who listed under the Manitoba Supplementary Commission (P.C. 810, 20 April, 1885). Each entry gives the name, residence, and occupation of the grantee; the land description (section, township and range numbers); the size (in acres) of the grant; the date of the return; the name of the parish; grant number; date of reference for patent, date when sent for letters patent; an internal departmental reference number; and a remarks column. The latter sometimes contains a reference number to a case file. Most of these case files will be found in series RG 15, D II 1, although a few will also be found in RG 15, D II 3.

  • Index to allotment book 1, 1877-1879; RG 15, vol. 1478, Aperture Card Book 61, reel C-11872-73
  • Index to allotment book 2, 1879-1900; RG 15, vol. 1511, Aperture Card Book 94, reel C-11879

Issue of Scrip to Half-Breed heads of families under the Act 37 Victoria, Cap. 20, Section 1

A general register of scrip awarded to Métis heads of families under 37 Victoria, chapter 20, which offered to "...each half-breed head of a family resident in the Province of Manitoba...a grant of one hundred and sixty acres of land or to receive scrip for one hundred and sixty dollars..." (section 1). The registers are organized by claim number with each entry giving the name of the claimant, place of residence, occupation (in later registers this column was used to record the names of the claimant's parents), the scrip registration numbers, name of locatee of the scrip, the claimant's affidavit number, the sale number associated with the scrip, and remarks. To find an applicant's claim number, researchers should refer to volume 1484 (described elsewhere), which is an alphabetical index to all the claimants listed in the four claims registers.

  • Claims 0001-0923; RG 15, vol. 1479, Aperture Card Book 62, reel C-11873
  • Claims 0924-1860; RG 15, vol. 1480, Aperture Card Book 63, reel C-11873
  • Claims 1861-2817; RG 15, vol. 1481, Aperture Card Book 64, reel C-11874
  • Claims 2818-3201; RG 15, vol. 1482, Aperture Card Book 65, reel C-11874

[Alphabetical Index to Claimants as Half-breed Heads of Families Under 37 Vic., c. 20]

An alphabetical list of claimants registered in volumes 1479 to 1482. Each entry provides the name of the claimant, place of residence, volume number (?), claim number, and remarks.

RG 15, vol. 1484; Aperture Card Book 67, reel C-11874

Report on the landowners of the Parishes of Ste. Agathe, St. Vital, St. Norbert, Ste. Anne and Lorette

The report is organized by parish and by lot number within each parish. Each entry provides an indication of the owner or occupant of the lot on 15 July, 1870 and a brief description of any subsequent owners up to the time of the issue of the Letters Patent (i.e., to about 1879). The name of the patentee is also provided, along with the date on which the letters patent was awarded. Most of the properties described under the entries for Ste. Agathe and St. Norbert supplement those discussed in Aperture Card Book 167 (see elsewhere).

RG 15, vol. 1553, Aperture Card Book 166a

General Register of Lands in Settlements in Manitoba, Formed Previous to the Transfer of the Territory

A general register of the lands that were settled along the Red and Assiniboine Rivers prior to the transfer of Rupert's Land to the Dominion of Canada. Proper title to these lands was awarded to the owner under the authority of the Manitoba Act, 33 Victoria, chapter 3. The register is organized by parish, but within each parish the entries appear to have been entered at random. Each entry lists the lot number; lot width and depth; grant number; grantee's name, residence and occupation; the number and date of the letters patent; lot size; and a departmental reference number. The latter does not appear to relate to anything currently held by Library and Archives Canada in the records of the Department of the Interior (RG 15).

RG 15, vol. 1551, Aperture Card Book 158, reel C-11884

Lang's Report on Claims in the Parishes of Ste. Agathe and St. Norbert

An internal report prepared for the department probably in connection with section 32 of the Manitoba Act (33 Vic., c. 3) by Robert Lang, a senior clerk with the Dominion Lands Office responsible for preparing land descriptions for Letters Patent under the Manitoba Act. The report provides a brief description of land transactions in the Red River Parishes of Ste. Agathe and St. Norbert. Not all lots in the two Parishes are covered; however, the report offers no indication as to why certain lots were selected over others. Given the dates mentioned in the report, it would appear that it was probably prepared in either late 1881 or early 1882. The report is divided into two sections, with the first part covering Ste. Agathe and the second part St. Norbert. In both cases the lot descriptions focus on the present owners and how they acquired ownership of the land, and from whom. Each statement usually includes a brief description of the improvements made to the lot and any major capital investments made by the owner, including the number and type of buildings erected; the number of acres under cultivation; the type of livestock owned; and the type farm equipment owned by the landholder.

RG 15, vol. 1554, Aperture Card Book 167, reel C-11881

[Index to Affidavits of Half-Breed Children]

A general index to all Métis children who filed a claim under section 31 of the Manitoba Act, including claimants under the Manitoba Supplementary Commission (P.C. 810, 20 April, 1885). For a complete listing of only the latter claimants, researchers should refer to volume 1527 (described elsewhere). The index is organized by affidavit number with each entry giving the name of the claimant, place of residence (name of parish), and date of birth.

RG 15, vol. 1526, Aperture Card Book 109, reel C-11880 to C-11881 

[Index to Affidavits of Half-Breed Heads of Families]

A general index to the affidavits for scrip by Métis heads of families as authorized by 37 Victoria, chapter 20, including claims allowed by the Manitoba Supplementary Commission (P.C. 810, 20 April, 1885). For a complete listing of the latter, researchers should refer to volume 1527 (described elsewhere). The index is organized by affidavit number with each entry giving the name of claimant, place of residence (name of parish), and date of birth.

RG 15, vol. 1525, Aperture Card Book 108, reel C-11880

[Alphabetical List of Original White Settlers, Manitoba]

An alphabetical index of Original White Settlers in Manitoba who had preferred claims under 33 Vic., c. 3, and 37 Vic., c. 20. The index is organized by the name of the claimant, with each entry giving the names of the claimant's parents, the date of the claimant's birth, his/her place of residence on 15 July, 1870, and the claimant's affidavit number. The latter are inter-filed with the Métis affidavits and are retained by Library and Archives Canada in RG 15, series D II 8a. Unlike volume 1506 (described elsewhere), which contains a listing of only those Original White Settlers and Métis who had preferred claims under the Manitoba Supplementary Commission, the index described here lists all Original White Settler claimants under the Manitoba Act (33 Vic., c. 3), prior to the Manitoba Supplementary Claims. In other words, if researchers wish to obtain a complete listing all Original White Settlers under the original Manitoba Actand the Manitoba Supplementary Commission, they will have to use both these registers -that is, volume 1506 and volume 1510.

RG 15, vol. 1510, Aperture Card Book 93, reel C-11879 Dept. of the Interior, RG 15, Series D III 23, Dominion Lands Administration, Lands Patent Branch, Registers and Indexes of Land Grants, 1835-1961, Aperture Card Books Nos. 157-202.

Index to grantees in Manitoba, 1873-1888

An alphabetical index to the grantees who were awarded Letters Patent under section 32 of the Manitoba Act (33 Vic., c. 3). The patents were awarded on the basis of the claimants being land owners prior to the transfer of Rupert's Land from the jurisdiction of the Hudson's Bay Company to the Dominion of Canada. The register serves as an index to the grantees listed in the special grants registers, see Aperture Card Books 168 to 176; in the register of grants in commutation of rights of common, see Aperture Card Book 184; and in register of claims under the Manitoba Act, see Aperture Card Book 186. Each entry in the register records the patentee's name, residence, and occupation; the land description (parish name, lot number, and size in acres); the nature of the grant (sale, special grant, claim under the Manitoba Act, commutation of rights of common, or homestead), grant number, date of reference for patent, an internal departmental reference number, date of patent, a reference number (which is the same number printed in the lower left corner of the Letters Patent), and a remarks column. In cases where the Letters Patents were awarded by the Department of the Interior, the "remarks" column was used to record the liber and folio number of the document. These are the same bound volumes retained by Library and Archives Canada in series RG 15 D II 10, and are listed in finding aids 15-35 and 15-36. Letters Patent awarded by the Registrar General are not listed in the register, but are retained by Library and Archives Canada in a separate series in Record Group 68. This index exists in aperture card format only; the original record was destroyed.

RG 15, Aperture Card Book 157, 1873-1888

Register of Grants in Commutation of Rights of Common and of Cutting Hay

A register of grants that were awarded in commutation of rights of common and of hay cutting to both Métis and Original White Settlers in the "Outer Two Miles" under section 32 of the Manitoba Act (33 Vic., c. 3). The register is organized by grant number, with each entry recording the lot number and parish name; size (in acres) of the area granted; the grantee's name, residence and occupation; an internal departmental reference number; and a "remarks" column. In some cases, the latter contains reference to a case file, a selection of which can now be found in the Manitoba Act series (RG 15 D II 2) or Dominion Lands Branch series (RG 15 D II 1). The register exists in aperture card format only; the original register was destroyed. The entries listed in this register are cross indexed according to the land description in Aperture Card Book 165 and by the grantee's name in Aperture Card Book 166 (see elsewhere).

Grants 0001 - 1250, RG 15, Aperture Card Book 184, 1877-1927

Register of lands awarded in the "Outer Two Miles"

A register of grants awarded in the "Outer Two Miles" to both Métis and Original White Settlers under section 32 of the Manitoba Act (33 Vic., c. 3). The register is organized according to the name of the grantee with each entry recording the lot number and parish name, the patent reference number, the date the patent was requested, and the date the patent was issued. The register exists in aperture card format only; the original document was destroyed prior to transferred to Library and Archives Canada of Canada. The entries are cross indexed according to land description in Aperture Card Book 165 (see elsewhere).

RG 15, Aperture Card Book 166, 1877-1886

Register of lands awarded in the "Outer Two Miles"

A register of grants awarded in the "Outer Two Miles" to both Métis and Original White Settlers under section 32 of the Manitoba Act (33 Vic., c. 3). The register is organized by parish name and by lot number within each parish (i.e., the legal description). Each entry gives the name of the grantee, the date on which the letters patent was issued, and the patent reference number. The register exists in aperture card format only; the original document was destroyed prior to transferred to the Library and Archives Canada. The entries are cross indexed according to the claimant's name in Aperture Card Book 166 (see elsewhere).

RG 15, Aperture Card Book 165, 1877-1886

Registers of claims to settled lands in Manitoba

A register of Métis claims under section 32 of the Manitoba Act, 33 Victoria, chapter 3, and 38 Victoria, chapter 52. These statutes allowed "...persons satisfactorily establishing undisturbed occupancy of any lands within the Province [of Manitoba] ...on the fifteenth day of July, one thousand eight hundred and seventy...to receive Letters Patent..." on the lands they occupied. The registers are organized by description number (which is a different numbering system from claim numbers and grant numbers), with each entry recording a departmental reference number, the lot number and parish name; and the claimant's name and occupation. In most cases, the date that the Letters Patent was completed and the Letters Patent reference number is written under the claimant's name. Regrettably, these registers are not of much value since it is not known how researchers might be able to find the "description number" for a particular claim. There seems to be no cross index system for these numbers.

  • Claims 0001-0478, 1873-1874, RG 15, Aperture Card Book 162
  • Claims 0479-1914, 1874-1882, RG 15, Aperture Card Book 163
  • Claims 1915-2532, 1882-1883, RG 15, Aperture Card Book 164

Register of Dominion Lands released through sales

A general register of sales of Dominion Lands as permitted by the Dominion Lands Act. Although some sales of Dominion Lands were made to Métis (see Aperture Card Book 157), the majority of the transactions listed in this register were made to persons other than Métis. The register is organized by sale number. It only covers sales 2600 to 5109, which date from 1879 to 1882. Earlier registers have not been located. Each entry in the register records the date of application; the date of patent; the folio and liber numbers in which a copy of the Letters Patent were held; the patentee's name; the legal description of the land included in the sale (section, quarter section, township, range, and acreage); the price paid per acre; the amount paid; the patent reference number. In cases where the land was reassigned, the register also records the assignment date; the assignee's name; and the assignment number. The register exists only in aperture card format only; the original document was destroyed prior to transfer to Library and Archives Canada. An alphabetical index of sales to Métis can be found in Aperture Card Book 157. The latter provides the sale number which can then be cross index to this sales register.

Sale Numbers 2600 - 5109, 1879-1882, RG 15, Aperture Card Book 159

Register of grants awarded under the Manitoba Act, 33 Victoria, c. 3

A register of grants awarded to Métis and Original White Settlers under section 32 of the Manitoba Act (33 Vic., c. 3). The register is organized by grant number. Each entry lists the lot number and parish name; date of application; date the letters patent was signed; the liber and folio number in which the letters patent was filed (but only for letters patent awarded by the Department of the Interior); the lot dimensions and size (in acres); the patentee's name, residence, and occupation; and a reference number. The latter is actually the fiat number and is the same number recorded at the bottom left corner of the letters patent. The liber and folio numbers are the identical numbers used by Library and Archives Canada and can be used by researchers to order copies of the letters patent. The register exists in aperture card format only; the original record has been destroyed. An alphabetical index to this register can be found in Aperture Card Book 157 (described elsewhere). The register exists in aperture card format only; the original register was destroyed prior to transfer to Library and Archives Canada.

Grant Numbers 0001 - 2750, 1873-1929, RG 15, Aperture Card Book 186

Register of Special Grants awarded under the Dominion Lands Act

A general register of all special land grants awarded by the Department of the Interior under various provisions of the Dominion Lands Act, including the land grants awarded to individual Métis and Métis families by Orders-in-Council. The registers are organized by grant number. Each entry includes the fiat number; the date on which the letters patent were awarded; the liber and folio number of the letters patent (which can now be found in RG 15, series D III 10 and in RG 68); the authority for the grant (usually an Order-in-Council); a brief statement as to the purpose of the grant; the name of the grantee; a description of the land awarded; and general remarks. The registers exist in aperture card format only; the original books were destroyed prior to transfer to Library and Archives Canada.

  • Special Grant Numbers 00001 - 00760, 1876-1892, RG 15, Aperture Card Book 168
  • Special Grant Numbers 00761 - 01733, 1892-1910, RG 15, Aperture Card Book 169
  • Special Grant Numbers 01734 - 03394, 1903-1912, RG 15, Aperture Card Book 170
  • Special Grant Numbers 03395 - 05741, 1912-1922, RG 15, Aperture Card Book 171
  • Special Grant Numbers 05742 - 07277, 1922-1924, RG 15, Aperture Card Book 172
  • Special Grant Numbers 07278 - 08871, 1924-1926, RG 15, Aperture Card Book 173
  • Special Grant Numbers 08872 - 10527, 1926-1928, RG 15, Aperture Card Book 174
  • Special Grant Numbers 10528 - 11991, 1928-1929, RG 15, Aperture Card Book 175
  • Special Grant Numbers 11992 - 13695, 1930-1931, RG 15, Aperture Card Book 176

[Correspondence Register]

Registers documenting all in-coming and out-going correspondence considered by the department in its administration of Métis claims under the Manitoba Act, including intra-departmental correspondence between headquarters personnel and field officers in Winnipeg. The registers list all files received by the department. A small selection of these files are now retained by Library and Archives Canada in series RG 15, D II 2 (described elsewhere). Although most of the files in RG 15, D II 2 were destroyed, the registers provide researchers with an excellent overview of the department's operations under the Manitoba Act. The registers are organized by file number, which is listed under the column labelled "Branch No.", and which is the same numbering system used in the organization of series D II 2. Each entry in the registers gives the name and address of the correspondent, a detailed subject description, date of the correspondence, date of receipt by the department, and in some cases a brief description of action taken by the department. The registers exist as aperture cards only; the original documents were destroyed prior to transfer to Library and Archives Canada.

  • Files MA 00001 - MA 03000, RG 15, Aperture Card Book 187, 1874-1882
  • Files MA 03001 - MA 05442, RG 15, Aperture Card Book 188, 1882-1887
  • Files MA 05443 - MA 06928, RG 15, Aperture Card Book missing
  • Files MA 06929 - MA 08341, RG 15, Aperture Card Book 189, 1885-1887
  • Files MA 08342 - MA 09941, RG 15, Aperture Card Book 190, 1885-1886
  • Files MA 09942 - MA 10616, RG 15, Aperture Card Book 191, 1878-1886

Dept. of the Interior, RG 15, Series D II 8 g, General Administrative Records Relating to Métis Scrip, Compiled by N.O. Coté, 1897-1913, 0.3 m, vol. 3171

Half-Breed Allotments Not Patented

According to the title on the first page, this register contains a list of lands allotted to Métis families in the Province of Manitoba for which patents have not been issued. The report was compiled at the order of the House of Commons of the 16th April 1894. The register is organized by allotment number. Each entry notes the legal description of the lands in question, the name of the allottee, reasons why a patent was not issued, and a file reference number. The latter usually refers to a case file in the central registry of the Dominion Lands Branch, now retained by the Library and Archives Canada as RG 15, series D II 1. 

Manitoba Supplementary Claims

Dept. of the Interior, RG 15, Series D II 8 m, North-West Half-Breeds and Original White Settlers, Registers and Indexes, 1877-1927, 4.5 m, vols. 1475 to 1555; microfilm reels C-11872 to C-11885.

General Index to Manitoba and North-West Territories Half-Breeds and Original White Settlers Who Have Preferred Claims ... under Orders in Council Dated Respectively the 30th March, 18 April and 20 April 1885

This index is the companion to volume 1527 (described elsewhere), in that it appears to list the same Métis claimants. Despite its title, it lists only those Métis who have preferred claims under the Manitoba Supplementary Claims authorized by P.C. 810, 20 April, 1885. Applicants who have preferred claims as children of Métis heads of family, under the Manitoba Supplementary Claims, are indexed in volume 1505 (described elsewhere) while those who have preferred claims as heads of families are index in volume 1507 (described elsewhere). Volume 1506 is an alphabetical index, organized by the name of the claimant. Each entry records the claimant's name, his/her parent's names, the claimant's date of birth, whether they are applying as a Métis (MS) or as an Original White Settler (OWS), and a file reference number. The latter usually refers to a file in the "HB" registry (which is now retained as RG 15, series D II 3) or, less commonly, in the central registry of the Dominion Lands Branch (which is now retained as RG 15, series D II 1). As well, the index as has a remarks column which will sometimes contain comments by departmental administrators concerning the applicant's case.

RG 15, vol. 1506, Aperture Card Book No. 89, reel C-11878

Register of Delivery of Manitoba and North-West Territory Scrip, Orders in Council of 30th March and 20th April, 1885 [and Subsequent Orders]

These registers document the delivery of scrip to claimants filing under the Manitoba Supplementary Commission, the North-West Half-Breed Commissions, the Alberta-Saskatchewan Commissions, and the Treaty 8, 10, and 5 Commissions, including all their adhesions. The registers are organized alphabetically according to the last name of the claimant. Each entry records the scrip number; the name and address of the person or agent to whom the scrip was issued; the date of scrip delivery; a brief description as to the authority (i.e., the Commission) under which the scrip was awarded; the amount and type of scrip issued; the application number (if applicable); the number and date of the receipt; the case file reference number; the certificate number; and a column for general remarks by departmental administrators. The registers are excellent sources for researchers to find documentation on a claimant's complete scrip record.

They provide an alphabetical index to many of the records in RG 15 which have been filed under a numerical system. For example, the scrip certificates, scrip notes and scrip receipts are filed in RG 15 by the document number. The finding aids for these records either do not exist or consist of file lists organized under the numerical system. It can be a very tedious task to find such documents when the number is unknown. The registers described here will provide researchers with these numbers when only the claimant's name is known.

  • For deliveries made between July 1885 and December 1887 see:
    RG 15, vol. 1518, Aperture Card Book 101, reel C-11879
  • For deliveries made between January 1888 and July 1899 see:
    RG 15, vol. 1519, Aperture Card Book 102, reel C-11879-80
  • For deliveries made between August 1899 and 1928 see:
    RG 15, vol. 1520, Aperture Card Book 103, reel C-11880

[Alphabetical List of Original White Settlers, Manitoba]

An alphabetical index of Original White Settlers in Manitoba who had preferred claims under 33 Vic., c. 3, and 37 Vic., c. 20. The index is organized by the name of the claimant, with each entry giving the names of the claimant's parents, the date of the claimant's birth, his/her place of residence on 15 July, 1870, and the claimant's affidavit number. The latter are inter-filed with the Métis affidavits and are retained by Library and Archives Canada in RG 15, series D II 8a. Unlike volume 1506 (described elsewhere), which contains a listing of only those Original White Settlers and Métis who had preferred claims under the Manitoba Supplementary Commission, the index described here lists all Original White Settler claimants under the Manitoba Act (33 Vic., c. 3), including the Manitoba Supplementary Claims. In other words, if researchers wish to obtain a complete listing all Original White Settlers under the original Manitoba Actand the Manitoba Supplementary Commission, they will have to use both these registers -that is, volume 1506 and volume 1510.

RG 15, vol. 1510, Aperture Card Book 93, reel C-11879

[Alphabetical] Index, North-West Half-Breed Commission, 1886 and 1887, also Half-Breed Claims up to 1898

The page headings in this index are entitled: "General Index to Manitoba and North-West Territories Half-Breeds and Original White Settlers, who have preferred claims under Act 33 Vic., Cap. 3, Section 31; Act 37 Vic., Cap. 20; and Orders in Council dated respectively the 30th March, 18th April, 20th April, 1885 and March 1st, 1886". The index is organized alphabetically according the last name of the claimant. Each entry records the names of the claimant's parents; the claimant's date of birth; whether the claimant was applying as a resident of Manitoba or the North-West Territories, or as an Original White Settler; the amount of the scrip awarded; the scrip delivery date (and in some cases the person to whom the scrip was delivered); the affidavit (application) number; and the case file number (if such was created by the department); and general remarks by departmental administrators. If the application was accepted by a Dominion Lands Agent under P.C.1394, 14 June, 1889, rather than one of the scrip commissioners then the register usually indicates just a case file number and no affidavit number. The case files listed in this index are now retained by Library and Archives Canada in the central registry of the Dominion Lands Branch, Headquarters, that is, RG 15, series D II 1,

RG 15, vol. 1508, Aperture Card Book 91, reel C-11878

Manitoba Supplementary Half-Breed and Original White Settlers Claims, Authorized by Order in Council, 20 April, 1885

An alphabetical index of claimants who had filed under the Manitoba Supplementary Commission authorized by Order-in-Council, P.C. 810, 20 April, 1885. Each entry gives the name of the claimant, his/her parents' names, his/her date of birth, the amount of the claim, his/her declaration number, and some general administrative remarks. As authorized by P.C. 810, the majority of the claimants had applied to the Commission as children of Métis heads of families and were awarded $240 in scrip. However, some entries clearly indicate that scrip in the amount of $160 was also claimed, suggesting some of the claimants had filed as Métis heads of families. The Department appears to have awarded these claims as well, even though Métis heads of families were not specifically mentioned in the Order-in-Council. Unlike some registers, the "remarks" column in this volume is quite useful in that it will often provide information as to whether a claim was allowed or disallowed, the date of the approval or rejection, the case file number (if it was prepared), and sometimes the application number and the power of attorney number. All the case files listed in this index appear to have been placed either in the "HB" central registry series, which is now retained by Library and Archives Canada in RG 15 series D II 3, or in the main registry of the Dominion Lands Branch, which is now in RG 15 series D II 1 (see descriptions elsewhere).

RG 15, vol. 1527, Aperture Card Book 110, reel C-11881

 

[Alphabetical] Index, Heirs of Deceased Half-Breeds and "Original White Settlers", Manitoba Supplementary and North-West Claims

An alphabetical list of the heirs of deceased Métis and Original White Settlers who filed under the Manitoba Supplementary Commission (P.C. 810, 20 April, 1885) and the North-West Commission (P.C. 135, 28 January 1885; P.C. 688, 30 March, 1885; and P.C. 821, 18 April, 1885). The index is organized by the name of the heir, with each entry providing the associated claim numbers. Researchers should note that the claim numbers which were entered into this index in 1886 and 1887 are preceded by the prefixes "86" and "87" (respectively). Claim numbers entered in 1885 have no prefix. Some of the applications associated with the 1886 and 1887 claims listed in this index are filed in the main applications series, that is RG 15, series D II 8b (described elsewhere). Others will be found in the central registry series of the Dominion Lands Branch, that is RG 15 series D II 1 (described elsewhere). It is not known at this time where the 1885 claims listed in this index might be filed.

RG 15, vol. 1483, Aperture Card Book 66, reel C-11874

General Index to Manitoba and North-West Territories Half-Breeds and Original White Settlers, who have preferred claims under Act 33 Vic., Cap. 3, Section 31; Act 37 Vic., Cap. 20; and Orders in Council dated respectively the 30th March, eighteenth April, and 20th April, 1885

Despite its title, this index is restricted to Métis claimants who have preferred claims as children of Métis heads of family under the Manitoba Supplementary Commission, P.C. 810, 20 April, 1885. This is the companion volume to RG 15, volume 1507, which is a listing of claimants who had preferred claims as heads of families under the same Commission (see elsewhere). The claimants listed in this index are also included in the general register of grants to Métis children under 33 Victoria, chapter 3, section 31, i.e. volumes 1476 and 1477 (see elsewhere). The entries in volume 1505 are arranged alphabetically according to the last name of the claimant. Each entry records the names of the claimant's parents; the claimant's date of birth and place of residence on 15th July, 1870; the affidavit number; a case file number (if one was created); and some general administrative remarks by the Department.

RG 15, vol. 1505, Aperture Card Book 88, reel C-11877-78

General Index to Manitoba and North-West Territories Half-Breeds and Original White Settlers, who have preferred claims under Act 33 Vic., Cap. 3, Section 31; Act 37 Vic., Cap. 20; and Orders in Council dated respectively the 30th March, eighteenth April, and 20th April, 1885

Despite its title, this index is mainly restricted to Métis claimants who had preferred claims as heads of families under the Manitoba Supplementary Commission, P.C. 810, 20 April, 1885. This is the companion volume to RG 15, volume 1505, which is a listing of claimants who had preferred claims as children of Métis heads of families under the same Commission (see elsewhere). The entries are arranged alphabetically according to the last name of the claimant. Each entry records the names of each claimant's parents; the claimant's date of birth and place of residence on the 15th July, 1870; his/her scrip claim number; amount awarded; the date on which scrip was issued; the date of delivery; the person or agent to whom the scrip was delivered; the return number; the affidavit number; the case file number (when one was created); and some general administrative remarks by the Department.

RG 15, vol. 1507, Aperture Card Book 90, reel C-11878

Dept. of the Interior, RG 15, Series D III 23, Dominion Lands Administration, Lands Patent Branch, Registers and Indexes of Land Grants, 1835-1961, Aperture Card Books Nos. 157-202.

Manitoba Supplementary Claims Commission, Index used by the Half-Breed Commissioners in 1885

An alphabetical index of Métis residents of Manitoba created for the use of the Manitoba Supplementary Claims Commissioners in 1885. The index records the individual's name, place of residence (parish name), and date of birth. The index exists in microform only. The original record was destroyed prior to transfer to Library and Archives Canada.

RG 15, Aperture Card Book 167a, reel C-11874

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