Indian Affairs Annual Reports, 1864-1990

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The Reports

The Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development was created in 1966.
Before 1966, different departments were responsible for the portfolios of Indian Affairs and Northern Affairs.
The departments responsible for Indian Affairs were (in chronological order):
  • The Department of the Secretary of State of Canada (to 1869)
  • The Department of the Secretary of State for the Provinces (1869-1873)
  • The Department of the Interior (1873-1880)
  • The Department of Indian Affairs (1880-1936)
  • The Department of Mines and Resources (1936-1950)
  • The Department of Citizenship and Immigration (1950-1965)
  • The Department of Northern Affairs and National Resources (1966)
  • The Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (1966 to the present)
The departments responsible for Northern Affairs were (in chronological order):
  • The Department of the Interior (1873-1936)
  • The Department of Mines and Resources (1936-1950)
  • The Department of Resources and Development (1950-1953)
  • The Department of Northern Affairs and National Resources (1953-1966)
  • The Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (1966 to the present)
Those departments published yearly reports regarding Indian Affairs that contained information about:
  • names and activities of Indian agents in various areas of the country
  • extent of education and health of aboriginal populations
  • amount and nature of moneys spent
  • some residential and day schools
  • various statistics

The Database

This database contains references to be found in more than 40,700 digitized pages of the original annual reports for the Indian Affairs portfolio for the years 1864 to 1966 and the complete annual reports for the department of Indian Affairs from 1967 to 1990.
The annual reports for Northern Affairs are not included in this database. To access a Northern Affairs annual report from before 1967, consult the government documents collection of a research library. Refer to the publications of the department that was responsible for Northern Affairs at that time.
Schedules of Indian Bands, Reserves and Settlements is a separate publication that is also valuable for historical research. The Schedules from 1902 to 1992 have been digitized and added to the Indian Affairs Annual Reports collection.
In 1991 the departmental annual report was integrated into the Estimates Part III which includes the Report on Plans and Priorities and the Performance Report and the Public Accounts, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada and Canadian Polar Commission.
The content of the database entries reflects the original language used in the documents. This information was not translated.

Search Screen

The search screen allows you to search by:
  • Keywords
  • Year (of publication)
Keywords correspond to any words appearing in the title of a publication or in the body of the text of each report.
When you have entered your search terms, click on 'Search'. The number of hits found will be shown at the top of the results screen.

How to Interpret the Results

Your search results will be posted as a results summary list from which you will be able to obtain an item description.

Search Results Page

The search results page displays the following fields:
  • Item Number
  • Year
  • Title
Click on the underlined Item Number of a record to access the Item page, which contains additional information specific to that record. By clicking on the lowest item number associated to a report, you can access directly to the first or title page of that report.

Item Page

The item page has a digitized image of the actual page available in JPEG format and contains the following fields:
  • Title: Actual title of the report
  • Year: Year of publication
  • Item Number: Reference number used in the database
Below the image, you will find a page navigation function that allows you to browse through all digitized pages of a report. The total number of pages in a report is also indicated. You can enlarge the image by clicking on it; to return to the original size, click on the Back button of your browser in the upper left corner of your screen.
To return to the Search Results page, click on the Back button of your browser in the upper left corner of your screen.

How to Obtain Copies

You can print the images or save them on your computer.
To print a copy of a scanned image in JPEG format, right click on the image, select copy, then paste to your word processing software, using the edit: paste special feature: device independent bitmap. Alternatively, paste to your desktop and open with the Office Picture Manager to crop and print.

External Links to Other Institutions

For further assistance with the Indian Affairs Annual Reports, 1864-1990 collection, contact the Indian and Northern Affairs Canada Departmental Library.