Exploration and Settlement

Library and Archives Canada holds vast resources related to exploration, immigration, naturalization and citizenship. Some of the types of resources available include immigrant diaries, Geological Survey of Canada records, fur trade records, Hudson's Bay Company records, land grants, quarantine records, French and British colonial records, maps and artwork. Notable literary works such as the Jesuit Relations highlight our collection of early Canadiana.

  1. Databases
  2. Digitized Microforms
  3. Electronic Collection
  4. Research Aids
  5. Virtual Exhibitions


  1. Citizenship and Naturalization Records
  2. Citizenship Registration Records, 1851-1945 - Montreal Circuit Court
  3. Gaspé Land Commission. List of names of claimants (1819-1825)
  4. Home Children Immigration Records
  5. Immigrants at Grosse Île Quarantine Station, 1832-1937
  6. Immigrants before 1865
  7. Immigrants from China
  8. Immigrants from the Russian Empire, 1898-1922
  9. Immigrants Sponsored by the Montreal Emigrant Society, 1832
  10. Indian Affairs Annual Reports, 1864-1990
  11. Indian Reserves - Western Canada
  12. Land Petitions of Lower Canada (1764-1841)
  13. Lower Canada Land Petitions
  14. Loyalists
  15. Maps, Plans and Charts (Archived)
  16. Merrilees Transportation Collection - Canada, by Train (Database)
  17. Naturalization Records, 1828-1850 - Upper Canada and Canada West
  18. Naturalization Records, 1915-1951
  19. Passenger Lists
  20. Passenger Lists and Border Entries, 1925-1935 - Nominal Indexes
  21. Passenger Lists for the Port of Quebec City, 1865-1900
  22. Passenger Lists, 1865-1922
  23. Private Archives and Colonial Records (Archived)
  24. Railway Employees (Employees Provident Fund)
  25. Treaties, Surrenders and Agreements
  26. Upper Canada Land Board (1765-1804)
  27. Upper Canada Land Petitions (1763-1865)
  28. Western Land Grants (1870-1930)

Digitized Microforms

  1. Border Entries
  2. Border Entry, 1908-1918 (Archived)
  3. Border Entry, 1925-1935 (Archived)
  4. Border Entry, Form 30, 1919-1924 (Archived)
  5. Heir and Devisee Commission
  6. Ocean Arrivals, Form 30A, 1919-1924 (Archived)
  7. Passenger Lists: Eastern U.S. Ports (1925-1935) (Archived)
  8. Passenger Lists: Halifax (1925-1935) (Archived)
  9. Passenger Lists: Montreal (1925-1935) (Archived)
  10. Passenger Lists: New York (1925-1935) (Archived)
  11. Passenger Lists: North Sydney (1925-1935) (Archived)
  12. Passenger Lists: Quebec City (1925-1935) (Archived)
  13. Passenger Lists: Saint John (1925-1935) (Archived)
  14. Passenger Lists: Vancouver and Victoria (1925-1935) (Archived)
  15. Upper Canada Land Books
  16. Upper Canada Land Petitions (1763-1865) (Archived)
  17. Upper Canada Sundries

Electronic Collection

  1. Arctic Exploration and the Search for the Northwest Passage (Archived)
  2. Canada at Scale: Maps of Our History (Archived)
  3. The Search for Franklin and Franklin Relics, 1847-1880 (Archived)

Research Aids

  1. Aboriginal Documentary Heritage (Archived)
  2. Aboriginal Peoples: Guide to the Records of the Government of Canada
  3. Arctic Quest: The Northwest Passage (Archived)
  4. Black History Month (Archived)
  5. Canadian Immigration Since Confederation and the Department of External Affairs
  6. Deportation from Canada, 1893-1977
  7. Early Meteorology Records
  8. From Colony to Country: A Reader's Guide to Canadian Military History (Archived)
  9. Grosse-Île Quarantine Station (Québec)
  10. Immigration and Citizenship - Genealogy and Family History
  11. Immigration Instructions: A Chart of Circulars, Directives and Operations Memoranda, 1909-1978
  12. Immigration of Farm Labourers to Canada, 1918-1945
  13. Immigration Records, Most Frequently Used
  14. Land - Genealogy and Family History
  15. Louis Riel, the Red River Rebellion and the North West Campaign
  16. Organized Crime in Canada After 1945 and Immigration Records
  17. Records on the Immigration of Domestics
  18. Rideau Canal

Virtual Exhibitions

  1. A Virtual Schoolhouse (Archived)
  2. Anti-Slavery Movement in Canada (Archived)
  3. Canada By Design: Parliament Hill, Ottawa (Archived)
  4. Canada, by Train (Archived)
  5. Canadian Confederation (Archived)
  6. Canadian Settlement - The Kids' Site (Archived)
  7. Canadian State: Documents and Dialogue (Archived)
  8. Canadian West (Archived)
  9. Early Chinese Canadians, 1858 to 1947 (Archived)
  10. Framing Canada: A Photographic Memory (Archived)
  11. In Quarantine: Life and Death on Grosse Île, 1832-1937 (Archived)
  12. Kids' Site of Canadian Trains (Archived)
  13. Life of a Rock Star (Archived)
  14. Moving Here, Staying Here. The Canadian Immigrant Experience (Archived)
  15. New France New Horizons: On French Soil in America
  16. Paul-Emile Miot: Photographs of Newfoundland and Cape Breton Island (Archived)
  17. Peter Winkworth Collection: A Collector's Passion (Archived)
  18. Shamrock and the Maple Leaf: Irish-Canadian Documentary Heritage at LAC (Archived)
  19. Shipwreck Investigations (Archived)
  20. SOS! Canadian Disasters (Archived)
  21. Susanna Moodie and Catharine Parr Traill (Archived)
  22. Treaty 8 (Archived)
  23. Under a Northern Star (Archived)
  24. William Hind's "Overlanders of '62 Sketchbook" (Archived)
  25. "Without Fear, Favour or Affection" The Men of the North West Mounted Police (Archived)
  26. Written in Stone: William E. Logan and the Geological Survey of Canada (Archived)