Ethno-Cultural Groups

The diversity of its population distinguishes Canada from most other countries. Canada's unique cultural, ethnic and linguistic mosaic is reflected in Library and Archives Canada's wide assortment of materials on and by different ethno-cultural groups. This material includes: immigration records and guides, identity files, muster rolls, travel guides, passenger lists, land grants and petitions, letters, diaries, journals, memoirs, newspapers (including ethnic titles), maps, art, photographs, music and film. Certain record collections are specifically related to particular ethno-cultural communities. For instance, the Likacheff-Ragosine-Mathers collection brings together records on immigrants from the Russian Empire; and the General Registers of Chinese Immigration lists immigrants from China arriving in Canada between 1885 and 1949.

  1. Databases
  2. Electronic Collection
  3. Research Aids
  4. Thematic Guides
  5. Virtual Exhibitions


  1. Citizenship and Naturalization Records
  2. Citizenship Registration Records, 1851-1945 - Montreal Circuit Court
  3. Home Children Immigration Records
  4. Immigrants at Grosse Île Quarantine Station, 1832-1937
  5. Immigrants before 1865
  6. Immigrants from China
  7. Immigrants from the Russian Empire, 1898-1922
  8. Immigrants Sponsored by the Montreal Emigrant Society, 1832
  9. Indian Affairs Annual Reports, 1864-1990
  10. Indian Reserves - Western Canada
  11. Loyalists
  12. Naskapi Lexicon (Archived)
  13. Naturalization Records, 1828-1850 - Upper Canada and Canada West
  14. Naturalization Records, 1915-1951
  15. Passenger Lists
  16. Passenger Lists and Border Entries, 1925-1935 - Nominal Indexes
  17. Passenger Lists for the Port of Quebec City, 1865-1900
  18. Passenger Lists, 1865-1922
  19. Project Naming (Database)
  20. Railway Employees (Employees Provident Fund)
  21. Treaties, Surrenders and Agreements

Electronic Collection

  1. Anti-slavery Issues in Canada, 1830-1870: A Selective Bibliography (Archived)

Research Aids

  1. Aboriginal Documentary Heritage (Archived)
  2. Aboriginal Peoples: Guide to the Records of the Government of Canada
  3. Black History Month (Archived)
  4. File History Cards, 1872-1984
  5. From Colony to Country: A Reader's Guide to Canadian Military History (Archived)
  6. Jacob M. Lowy Collection
  7. Maps, Charts and Architectural Plans Collection: A Search Guide
  8. Métis Genealogy
  9. Multicultural Resources and Services (Archived)
  10. Native Residential Schools in Canada: A Selective Bibliography (Archived)
  11. Residential School Records Resources
  12. Resources for Researchers

Thematic Guides

  1. Canadian Immigration Since Confederation and the Department of External Affairs
  2. Deportation from Canada, 1893-1977
  3. Grosse-Île Quarantine Station (Québec)
  4. Immigration Instructions: A Chart of Circulars, Directives and Operations Memoranda, 1909-1978
  5. Immigration of Farm Labourers to Canada, 1918-1945
  6. Immigration Records, Most Frequently Used
  7. Louis Riel, the Red River Rebellion and the North West Campaign
  8. Organized Crime in Canada After 1945 and Immigration Records
  9. Records on the Immigration of Domestics

Virtual Exhibitions

  1. Aboriginal Sound Recordings: Music and Song (Archived)
  2. Anti-Slavery Movement in Canada (Archived)
  3. Canadian Settlement - The Kids' Site (Archived)
  4. Canadian State: Documents and Dialogue (Archived)
  5. Canadian West (Archived)
  6. Early Chinese Canadians, 1858 to 1947 (Archived)
  7. First Nations
  8. Framing Canada: A Photographic Memory (Archived)
  9. In Quarantine: Life and Death on Grosse Île, 1832-1937 (Archived)
  10. Incunabula, Hebraica & Judaica 1981 Exhibition Catalogue (Archived)
  11. Inuit
  12. Métis
  13. Moving Here, Staying Here. The Canadian Immigrant Experience (Archived)
  14. New France New Horizons: On French Soil in America
  15. Paul-Emile Miot: Photographs of Newfoundland and Cape Breton Island (Archived)
  16. Project Naming
  17. Shamrock and the Maple Leaf: Irish-Canadian Documentary Heritage at LAC (Archived)
  18. Treaty 8 (Archived)
  19. Under a Northern Star (Archived)
  20. Virtual Vault: The "Four Indian Kings" (Archived)