1916 Census Search Help


This research tool contains 1,686,666 records that are searchable by name. The database entries are in the original language used in the documents. This information was not translated.

Search Screen

The search screen enables you to search by name of person or by place. The 1916 Census was enumerated by census districts and sub-districts, and the records were compiled accordingly. Therefore, knowledge of the districts and sub-districts is of value in locating either an individual or a geographic location.
To assist with district names and sub-district descriptions, a list of 1916 Census Districts and Sub-districts is provided.
The search screen enables you to search by:
  • Keywords
  • Surname
  • Given Name(s)
  • Age
  • Province
By clicking on Hide/Show Advanced Search Options, you will also be able to search by:
  • District Name
  • District Number
  • Sub-District Number
  • Sub-District Description
  • Division Number
  • Page Number
You can enter one or multiple search terms, all of which can be used in combination. To use the fields in combination, you should note that the default Operator is "AND."
     Enables you to search any of the fields alone or in combination.
Surname and Given Name(s)
     Enables you to search by name of person.
  • Contains numeric values only.
  • For children under one year of age, fractions were used (for example, for 2 months, "2/12" was indicated).
Dropdown list enables you to retrieve all the returns for a specific province.
District Name
District Number
Sub-District Number
Sub-District Descriptions


How to Interpret the Results

Your search results will be posted as a results summary list from which you will be able to obtain an item description.

Search Results Page

The search results page has a thumbnail image of the census record and displays the following information:
  • Census Year (e.g. 1916)
  • Item Number
  • Surname
  • Given Name(s)
  • Age
  • Province
  • District Name
  • Sub-District Description
From here you have two options:
  • Click on the underlined item number to access the Item Page, which is a transcript of the record.
  • Click on either JPG or PDF to view the full image. You can print the images or save the images onto your computer.
To open a PDF file, you must have Acrobat Reader. (See Downloadable Formats, PDF Reader). To print a copy of a scanned image in JPG format, right click on the image, select copy, then paste to your word processing software, using the edit: paste special feature: device independent bitmap. Alternatively, paste to your desktop and open with the Office Picture Manager to crop and print.

Item Page

The item page has a digitized image of the actual census page available in JPG and PDF formats and contains the following fields:
  • Surname
  • Given Name(s)
  • Gender
  • Age
  • Marital Status
  • Place of Birth
  • Ethnic Origin
  • Province
  • District Name
  • District Number
  • Sub-District Number
  • Sub-District Description
  • Meridian
  • Township Number
  • Range Number
  • Family Number
  • Line Number
  • Page Number
  • Microfilm Number
  • Reference
To suggest a correction, click on the Suggest a Correction link to access an electronic form.
To return to the Search Results page, click the Back button of your browser in the upper left corner of your screen.

How to Obtain Copies

How to Access Library and Archives Canada Records for other options.

Some of the original documents are difficult to read, so some information in the database may be incorrect and/or incomplete. Please note that LAC does not provide transcription and translation services. Contact your local genealogical society for assistance.

Some of the content is protected by third party copyright and is subject to additional restrictions as to its reproduction and use. Please see Terms and Conditions to obtain additional information.

Research Tips

  • To search census records, you must know the approximate locality as the arrangement of these returns is by township or parish within each county.
  • Small towns and villages are enumerated within their respective townships; larger towns and cities are listed separately.
  • In the case of cities, particularly the larger centres, it is helpful to know the ward in which the person lived. The ward can often be determined by consulting the street index at the front of published City Directories.
  • To determine the province and county for a particular place, you can search the Post Offices and Postmasters database. Enter the place name in the Office Name field and if there was a post office there, it will indicate the federal electoral district, which usually corresponded to the county and census districts.
  • Information about earlier census returns can be found in the Census Records: Finding Aid 300 [PDF 1,670 KB] (See Downloadable Formats, PDF Reader).
  • If you do not know the name of the township or parish within which a village is situated, we suggest that you consult a provincial gazetteer. You can also find maps and other geographical information on the various websites linked to the Canada GenWeb Project.
  • Maps may be of assistance such as Electoral Atlas of Canada 1895 (Archived).
  • You can transcribe information from census returns onto pre-printed blank forms that can be obtained from genealogical societies.


Library and Archives Canada gratefully acknowledges the contribution of Ancestry.ca, without which this project would not have been possible.
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