Collections and Fonds – 135026

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  • Record Information – Brief
    Canadian Eskimo Arts Council [multiple media]
    Hierarchical level:
    RG85-E-2, R216-133-8-E.
    Accession number:
    1991-0095 MISA
    Type of material:
    Art, Objects (including medals & pins), Photographs, Sound recordings, Stamps & stamp products, Textual material
    Found in:
    Archives / Collections and Fonds
    Item number:
    Link to this page:
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    Context of this record:
  • Series includes:
    11 lower level description(s)
    View lower level description(s)
    Place of creation:
    7 m of textual records.
    48 audio cassettes (ca. 37 h, 30 min).
    79 audio reels (ca. 62 h, 30 min).
    2 seal embossers.
    44 drawings : pencil on paper.
    4 prints : 3 col. posters, folded and 1 replica on metal.
    273 reproductions : photocopies.
    32 stamps.
    2023 photographs : b&w and col., various processes ; various dimensions.
    Language of material:
    Scope and content:
    Sub-series consists of the records of the Canadian Eskimo Arts Council and its predecessor, the Canadian Eskimo Arts Committee. These records contain minutes of meetings, reports, members' files, copyright requests, correspondence with various levels of government, individual artists, galleries and the general public, along with Inuit print catalogues and general information about the council, artists and the history of Inuit art in Canada.

    Sub-series also consists of audio recordings of meetings and conferences of the Canadian Eskimo Arts Council and its predecessor, the Canadian Eskimo Arts Committee.

    Sub-series also includes photographs of the travelling 'Masterworks' exhibition and photographs of sculptures used in the publication 'Sculpture/Inuit'. It also includes photographs related to the Holman Island print shop and to the 'Baffin Island Conference & Exhibition'.
    Additional name(s):
    Biography/Administrative history:
    In 1958 the Department of Northern Affairs and National Resources, as part of its mandate to administer Inuit Affairs, established an ad hoc committee to assist the graphic artists of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative at Cape Dorset. The demand for prints and other art and handicrafts increased rapidly as did the output from Cape Dorset and other co-operatives. Departmental officials faced with this volume of trade as well as the need to promote and market these products sought help from the private sector. The Canadian Eskimo Arts Committee was set up in 1961 to assist artists, advise the minister and approve those graphics to be released for sale. Composed of various experts in the field, the CEAC maintained an "arms-length" relationship with the department. Its members, however, were appointed by the minister and its funding was provided through the Northern Affairs Program budget.

    The issue of northern arts continued to become increasingly more complex prompting the department to recommend to Cabinet that an Eskimo Art Council be created. While this proposal was approved on 19 November 1964 the new body did not meet until 5 June 1967 leaving the old CEA Committee to continue on an interim basis. The new council was composed of a maximum of twelve members who served three-year terms. Funding, as directed by Treasury Board submission No. 672152, 9 August 1967, was provided through the Northern Administration Branch budget. The chairman of the Council was to submit an annual report on CEAC activities to the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development.

    Arthur Laing, federal minister, addressed the inaugural meeting of the Canadian Eskimo Arts Council (CEAC) offering guidelines about its mandate. The principle duty was to advise the minister on matters relating to the promotion, marketing and quality control of Eskimo arts and crafts in Canada. No written terms of reference were provided although several versions were produced over the next twenty years. While the nature of its work was not always detailed the arms-length relationship from government was clearly defined. According to the 1986 terms of reference the CEAC was not "an agent of Her Majesty" and its members were not to be considered members of the Public Service. The ultimate separation of the CEAC from government occurred in September 1989 with the announcement by the Foundation. Funding for the new body will continue to be supplied by the Northern Affairs Program budget until March 31, 1994 at which point the IAF will be fully independent and self-supporting. RG85 General Inventory
    Finding aid:
    (Electronic) Finding aid 85-34 is a typed file list indicating volume number, file number, file description and outside dates. 85-34 (90:Open) 2160-2194_open.pdf
    Additional information:
    Source of title:
    Title is based on the contents of the sub-series.
    No further accruals are expected.
    Related material:
    Researchers may also wish to consult the Manuscript Division series entitled "Canadian Eskimo Arts Council" (MIKAN 117507), a part of the Donald Snowden fonds (MG31-D163, MIKAN 102241).
    Related control no.:
    1. 118-000022-6
    2. 1859 (1991-03-12)
    3. 1990-91/022 GAD
    4. 1991-0095 MISA
    5. 1991-118 DAP
    6. 91-080
    7. CIR8304
    8. DAPACC12900
    9. RG85-E-2
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