Collections and Fonds – 4518505

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  • Record Information – Brief
    RP prefix [Relief projects] [graphic material, textual record]
    Hierarchical level:
    Accession number:
    1964-106 NPC
    1967-052 NPC
    Type of material:
    Photographs, Textual material
    Found in:
    Archives / Collections and Fonds
    Item ID number:
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    Context of this record:
  • Series includes:
    2453 lower level description(s)
    View lower level description(s)
    Place of creation:
    33,560 photographs.
    ca. 30 cm of textual records.
    Language of material:
    Scope and content:
    Sub-series consists of photographs and albums created by the Department of National Defence to document Great Depression-era relief projects with the co-operation of the Department of Labour. This series documents activities at 144 project sites across Canada showing the camps, activities, work, and outcomes. Albums were created for the Ministers of Defence and Labour. 20 Department of National Defense albums which contain 18,301 photographs.

    The Chief of General Staff in Canada, Major-General A.G.L. McNaughton, conceptualized and administered these projects as a means of creating employment for unemployed and homeless men, until such time as the economic situation improved. Approved by Order-In-Council P.C. 1932 2248 on 8 October 1932 by Prime Minister Bennett, the program grew to include many more sites, with some serving as administrative establishments. Some projects were contemplated, but never realized. Workers were paid twenty-cents a day, with the minimum amount of equipment used to employ the maximum number of men. Because skilled work was not made part of the programs, labour unions did not object to the scheme (see 1964-106 Finding-Aid no. 33)

    Projects included such diverse activities as: Historic site restoration work including the citadels at Quebec city and Halifax; development of 42 intermediate landing fields and 6 aerodromes on the trans-Canada airway; developing three municipal and one provincial airport; general development of RCAF air stations; construction of highways with the assistance of governments of Alberta and British Columbia; forestry operations in co-operation with the Department of the Interior; clearing Lac Seul foreshores to prepare for rising of water levels; the construction or expansion of four rifle ranges; and the development of four army training areas, the construction of new barracks and bases across the country. A list of all the projects is found in FA-33. As a general rule photographs do not exist of headquarters or administrative sites. Also included are 162 glass negatives; 18,925 nitrate negatives.

    Creator / Provenance:
    Finding aid:
    Textual records (Electronic) Guide to the collection produced by Peter Robertson of the Historical Photographs Section, October 1968. FA-33-1964-106 (90:Open)

    Graphic material (Electronic) Finding aid is a photo item list. The finding aid is available as a PDF attached to this record. 24-513P-RP (items) (90:Open) 4518505 items.pdf

    Graphic material (Electronic) Finding aid is a list of albums. The finding aid is available as a PDF attached to this record. 24-513P-RP (albums) (90:Open) 4518505 albums.pdf
    Additional information:
    Custodial history:
    Transferred to the Public Archives Record Centre on 13 August 1964 along with accession 1964-114 following negotiations with the Royal Canadian Air Force. The collection was transferred to the Public Archives Photographs Section as Accession 1964-106 on 10 September 1964.
    Arrangement note:
    Materials arranged by individual project numbers, ranging from 1(Halifax) to 162 (Summit Alp). Identified on photographs as RP- # - individual photo number. For example, RP-1-5 would represent the fifth photograph identified whithin the Halifax project.
    Subject heading:
    Related control no.:
    1. 1964-106 NPC
    2. 1967-052 NPC
    3. DAPACC4122
    4. DAPACC4487
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